BORH
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Masculine
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
BORH
g. borges; d. borge; acc. borh; pl. nom. acc. borgas; g. a; d. um; m. I. a security, pledge, loan, bail; fœnus Ic wille, ðæt ǽlc mann sý under borge ge binnan burgum ge bútan burgum I will that every man be under security both within cities and without cities, L. Edg. S. 3; Th. i. 274, 6. Abere se borh ðæt he aberan scolde let the borh bear that he ought to bear, L. Edg. ii. 6; Th. i. 268, 9. On his ágenon borge on his own security, L. Eth. i. 1; Th. i. 282, 10. Gif ðú feoh to borge selle if thou give money on loan, L. Alf. 35; Th. i. 52, 21. Be borges andsæce concerning a denial of a bail, L. In. 41; Th. i. 128, 1, note 1. II. a person who gives security, a surety, bondsman, debtor; fidejussor, debitor.-Bail was taken by the Saxons from every person guilty of theft, homicide, witchcraft, etc: indeed, every person was under bail for his neighbour. It is generally thought, that the borh originated with king Alfred, but the first time we find it clearly expressed, is in the Laws of Ine, v. Turner's Hist. of A. S. Bk. vi. Append, 3, ch. 6, vol. ii. p. 499 Sette getreówe borgas shall appoint true sureties, L. Eth. i. 1; Th. i. 280, 21: 280, 6, 7, 8: L. Ed. 6; Th. i. 162, 19, 20. Ge asécaþ eówre borgas ye shall search out your debtors, L. E. I. 42; Th. ii. 438, 35. [Chauc. Wyc. borwe: R. Glouc. borewes, pl: Piers P. borgh: Laym. borh: Frs. borch, m: O. Frs. borh, borch, m: Dut. borg, m. and f: Ger. borg, m: M. H. Ger. borc, m.]
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