ETAN
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Strong
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
§5,
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
ETAN
to etanne; part. etende; ic ete, ðú etest, etst, itst, ytst, ætst, he, heó, hit, yt, ytt, et, ett, eteþ, ieteþ, iteþ, yteþ, pl. etaþ; p. ic, he æt, ðú ǽte, pl. ǽton; subj. indef. ic ete, æte, pl. eten; p. ǽte, pl. ǽten; pp. eten; v.a. To EAT, consume, devour; ĕdĕre, cŏmĕdĕre, mandūcāre, vescĕre Ðú scealt greót etan thou shalt eat dust [grit ], Cd. 43; Th. 56, 9; Gen. 909: 43; Th. 57, 28; Gen. 935. Seó leó bringþ hungregum hwelpum hwæt to etanne the lioness brings to hungry whelps somewhat to eat, Ors. 3, 11; Bos. 71, 38. Rýnde him manna [mete] to etanne pluit illis manna ad mandūcandum, Ps. Spl. 77, 28. Ðæt treów wæs gód to etanne quod bŏnum esset lignum vescendum. Gen. 3, 6. Etende eating, Ps. Th. 105, 17. Ic ete ĕdo, ðú etst [ytst MS. D.] es, he et [ett MS. C; ytt D.] est; we etaþ ĕdĭmus, gé etaþ ĕdiĭtis, hí etaþ ĕdunt, Ælfc. Gr. 32; Som. 36, 18, 19. ÐÚ itst oððe drincst thou eatest or drinkest, Bt. 14, 1; Fox 42, 14. Ðú ytst wyrta thou shalt eat herbs, Gen. 3, 18. ÐÚ ætst thou shalt eat; cŏmĕdes, Gen. 3, 17. Ðe ytt hláf qui mandūcat pánem, Jn. Bos. 13, 18. Se tó seldan ieteþ he too seldom eats, Exon. 90 b; Th. 340, 16; Gn. Ex. 112. Ne wiht iteþ nor eats a thing [creature ], 114 b; Th. 439, 28; Rä. 59, 10. Gé etaþ ye eat, Gen. 3, 5. Ðú- ǽte of ðam treówe thou hast eaten of the tree; cŏmēdisti de ligno. Gen. 3, 17. He æt ða offring-hláfas pānes prōpŏsĭtiōnis cŏmēdit, Mt. Bos. 12, 4. He æt he ate, Gen. 3, 6. Fuglas ǽton ða vŏlucres cŏmēdērunt ea, Mt. Bos. 13, 4. Ðeáh ðe gé of ðam treówe eten [MS. eton] though ye should eat of the tree, Gen. 3, 4. Ðæt gé ne ǽton ut non cŏmĕdĕrētis, 3, 1. 3, [Tynd. eat: Wyc. Chauc. ete: Piers P. eten, ete: R. Glouc. ete: Laym. æten, eten: Orm. etenn: Northumb. eta: Plat. eten: O. Sax. etán: Frs. ytten: O. Frs. eta, ita: Dut. eten: Ger. essen: M.H. Ger. ëzzen: O.H. Ger. ezan, ezzan: Goth. itan; p. at, etum; pp. itans: Dan. äde: Swed. äta: Icel. eta: Lat. ĕd-o: Grk. ἔδω Sansk, ad to eat.] DER. fretan [= for-etan], ge-etan, of-, ofer-, þurh-, under-.
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