FRUMA
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Masculine
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
FRUMA
an; m. [frum primitive, first] . I. a beginning, commencement, origin; princĭpium, inĭtium, ŏrīgo, prīmordium, exordium Hí sendon ǽrendgewrit, wæs se fruma ðus awriten mittunt epistŏlam, cūjus hoc princĭpium est, Bd. 1, 13; S. 481, 41: 4, 17; S. 585, 17: Ps. Spl. 118, 160: Cd. 1; Th. 1. 10; Gen. 5: Exon. 44 b; Th. 151, 15; Gú. 795: Beo. Th. 4608; B. 2309. Ðú eart ealra þinga fruma and ende thou [God] art the beginning and end of all things, Bt. 33, 4; Fox 132, 36: Bt. Met. Fox 20, 549; Met. 20, 275: Andr. Recd. 1116; An. 556. On fruman wæs word in princĭpio ĕrat verbum, Jn. Bos. 1, 1: 6, 64: Mt. Bos. 19, 4: Bd. 1, 1; S. 474, 5: 1, 27; S. 489, 13: 4, 17: S. 586, 12: Ps. Spl. C. 73, 2: 76, 11: 101, 26: Boutr. Scrd. 17, 14: Cd. 174; Th. 218, 7; Dan. 35: Exon. 69 b; Th. 258, 33; Jul. 274; Bt. Met. Fox 17, 25; Met. 17, 13. Fram fruman gesceafte ab inĭtio creātūræ, Mk. Bos. 10, 6: Chr. 655; Erl. 28, 2: Bt. 33, 4; Fox 128, 7: Exon. 25 a; Th. 73, 20; Cri. 1192: Elen. Kmbl. 2282; El. 1142: Andr. Kmbl. 2969; An. 1487: Ps. Th. 92, 3: 98, 4. Song he be fruman moncynnes cănēbat de orīgĭne hūmāni gĕnĕris, Bd. 4, 24; S. 598, 10: 1, 15; S. 483, 21. Ealle men hæfdon gelícne fruman all men had a like beginning, Bt. 30, 2; Fox 110, 8: Cd. 64; Th. 77, 19; Gen. 1277. Of ðæs strýnde monigra mǽgþa cyningcynn fruman lǽdde de cūjus stirpe multārum provinciārum rēgium gĕnus orīgĭnem duxit, Bd. 1, 15; S. 483, 31. Of ðam ða fruman aweallaþ Deorwentan streámes de quo Deruentiōnis flŭvii prīmordia erumpunt, 4, 29; S. 607, 10. Hie sealdon heora wæstma fruman they should give their first-fruits, Blickl. Homl. 41, 5. To ðǽm frummum ad initia Mt. Kmbl. p. 1, 5. II. an originator, author, founder, inventor; auctor, inventor God is fruma eallra gesceafta God is the author of all creatures, Bt. Met. Fox 29, 161; Met. 29, 81. Sigores fruma the Lord of triumph, Exon. 12 a; Th. 19, 2; Cri. 294. Fyrnweorca Fruma the Author of deeds of old, 16 a; Th. 36, 20; Cri. 579: Chr. 975; Erl. 126, 15; Edg. 41: Elen. Kmbl. 1583; El. 793. Ealre synne fruma the author of all sin, Elen. Kmbl. 1540; El. 772: Salm. Kmbl. 887; Sal. 443. Tubal Cain sulhgeweorces fruma wæs Tubal Cain was inventor of plough-work, Cd. 52; Th. 66, 20; Gen. 1087. Hie leahtra fruman lárum ne hýrdon they obeyed not the doctrines of the author of crimes, Elen. Kmbl. 1674; El. 839. Ðæt ðú onsægde synna fruman that thou shouldest sacrifice to the author of crimes, Exon. 71 a; Th. 264, 10; Jul. 362. Gif hí [MS. he] ne þiówedon hiora fruman if they served not their author, Bt. 39, 13; Fox 234, 31: Exon. 8 b; Th. 3, 31; Cri. 44. III. a chief, prince, ruler, king; prŏcer, princeps, rex Burgwarena fruma chief of citizens, Exon. 86 a; Th. 324, 6; Wíd. 90. Filistina fruma prince of the Philistines, Salm. Kmbl. 555, 561; Sal. 277, 280. Herga fruma ruler of hosts, Exon. 20 a; Th. 53, 4; Cri. 845. Ealles folces fruma prince of all people, 120 a; Th. 461, 2; Hö. 29. Upengla iruma prince of archangels, Andr. Kmbl. 451; An. 226. Se fruma David the king David, Ps. C. 50, 20; Ps. Grn. ii. 277, 20. Melchisedec com fyrdrinca fruman grétan Melchizedec came to greet the chief of warriors, Cd. 97; Th. 127, 1; Gen. 2104: Ps. Th. 112, 7. Hie ahéngon herga Fruman they hung up the Prince of hosts, Elen. Kmbl. 419; El. 210. [Laym. frume beginning: Goth. frums, m. beginning.] DER. dǽd-fruma, eád-, gúþ-, hild-, land-, leód-, leóht-, líf-, ord-, þiód-, tír-, wíg-.
This is a supplementary entry with editorial changes to an entry in the main volume of the dictionary. Look under the 'Possibly connected entries' below, or for the same headword in the list to the left.

A Combined List of Abbreviations.

Abbreviation not recognized. See:

A Combined List of Abbreviations.