GEÁTAS
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Masculine
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
GEÁTAS
Iótas, Iútas, Eótenas [v. eóten, II.]; gen. a; dat. um; pl. m. I. the Jutes, the ancient inhabitants of Jutland, who, with the Angles and Saxons, colonized Britain; Jutæ, pŏpŭlus Chersŏnēsi Cymbrĭcæ, qui relicta patria ūna cum Saxŏnĭbus Anglisque Britanniam occupāvērunt. Though the Jutes are now regarded as Danes, they were, in the earliest times, distinguished as a separate people, and were probably the descendants of earlier Gothic settlers in Jutland, while the Danes = Dene, were an invading nation. Thus Hengest was a Jute, and Healfdene, his lord, a Dane. The Eótenas = Jötnar, were apparently a still earlier Finnish race, from whom the Gothic conquerors probably derived their trolls and giants. Both Jóti; pl. Jótar, and iötunn; pl. iötnar, are rendered in A. Sax. by eóten; pl. eótenas. From the Ynglinga-Saga, c. 5, we learn that before the time of Skiold, the seat of the Danish kings was in Reitgothland = Jutland, but Skiold transferred it to Lethra in Seeland, of which he was the founder Cómon hí of þrím folcum ðám strangestan Germanie, ðæt [is,] of Seaxum, and of Angle, and of Geátum. Of Geáta fruman syndon Cantware, and Wihtsǽtan, ðæt is seó þeóð ðe Wiht ðæt Eálond oneardaþ ... And of Engle cóman Eást-Engle and Middel-Engle, and Myrce, and eall Norþhembra cynn, is ðæt land ðe Angulus is nemned betwyh Geátum and Seaxum advēnĕrant autem de trĭbus Germāniæ pŏpŭlis fortiōrĭbus, id est, Saxŏnĭbus, Anglis, Jutis. De Jutārum orīgĭn sunt Cantuārii et Victuārii, hoc est, ea gens, quce Vectam tĕnet Insŭlam ... De Anglis vēnēre Orientāles Angli, Mediterrānei Angli, Merci, [et] Nordanhymbrōrum prōgĕnies, id est, de illa patria quæ Angŭlus dīcĭtur inter provincias Jutārum et Saxŏnum, Bd. 1, 15; S. 483, 20-26. II. the GAUTS, the inhabitants of the south of Sweden, which in ancient times comprehended nearly the whole of South-Sweden = A. Sax. Geát-land, Icel. Gautland the land of the Gauts, which must be distinguished from Icel. Gotar, and A. Sax. Gotland the land of the Goths, q. v; Gauti in Suecia = Γαυτοί, Procopius Bell. Goth. 2, 15 We synt gumcynnes Geáta leóde we are of the race of the Gauts' nation, Beo. Th. 526; B. 260 : 730; B. 362. Ic wæs mid Hréþ-Gotum, mid Sweóm and mid Geátum, and mid Súþ-Denum I was with the Hreth-Goths, with the Swedes, and with the Gauts, and with the South-Danes, Exon. 85 b; Th. 322, 4; Wid. 58 : Ben. Th. 392; B. 195 : 2347, B. 1171 : 4391; B. 2192. Beó wid Geátas glæd be cheerful towards the Gauts, Beo. Th. 2350; B. 1173. DER. Gúþ-Geátas, Sǽ-, Weder-. See Grimm Geschichte d. D. S. pp. 512, 312.
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