ge-ban
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Neuter
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
ge-ban
-bann, -benn, es; n. I. a command, ordinance, decree, proclamation; mandātum, stătūtum, decrētum Brád is ðín gebann lātum eat mandātum tuum, Ps. Th. 118, 96. Ðíne ealle gebann omnia mandāta tua, 118, 86. Ðínre ǽ geban lēgis tuæ mandātum, 58, 10 : Elen. Grm. 556. Þurh hláfordes geban by his lord's decree, L. Edg. H. 7; Th. i. 260, 14. Gif preóst biscopes geban forbúge if a priest decline [to obey] the bishop's edict, L. N. P. 4; Th. ii. 290, 20. II. ge-bann, -bonn, es; n. the indiction; indictio, edictum. The indiction is a cycle or revolution of 15 years, like the date of the year from the Birth of our Saviour. Indiction was introduced by Augustine, through the influence of Gregory the Great. It was used by the Roman emperors in the solemn Edictum or Indictio, relative to the taxes, and adopted by the Church to denote the cycle of 15 years. The number of the Indiction was thus easily ascertained, add 3 to the year of our Lord and divide by 15, and the remainder will be the year of Indiction. If there be no remainder the Indiction will be 15. Bede, in his De Rătiōn Tempĕrum, says plainly, - Si vis scīre quŏta sit Indictio, sūme annos Dŏmĭni, et adjĭce tria, partīre per xv, et quod remansĕrit, ipsa est Indictio anni præsentis, Cap. xiv. Indiction is useful in ascertaining the exact year in a reign, etc Ðam mildestan cyninge Cantwara, Wihtrǽde, ríxigendum, ðé fíftan wintra his ríces, ðý niguþan gebanne, in ðære stówe ðy hátte Berghámstyde, ðǽr wæs gesamnad eádigra geþeahtendlíc ymcyme in the reign of the most mild king of the Kentish-men, Wihtræd, in the fifth year of his reign, the ninth indiction, in the place which is called Berham, where was assembled a deliberative assembly of the great men, L. Wih. pref; Th. i. 36. 4-7. Thus, Wihtrǽd began to reign A. D. 691; add 5 years, this gives A. D. 696 for the deliberative assembly; add 3 by rule, the sum, 699, divided by 15, leaves 9 remainder after the division, or the year of the Indiction as in the preceding example. Ríxiendum ussum Dryhtene ðæm Hǽlendan Crist. Æfter ðon ðe agán wæs ehta hund wintra and syx and hundnigontig efter his acennednesse, and ðý feówerteóðan gebonn-gére; ðá, ðý gére, gebeón [p. of gebannan] Æðelréd ealderman alle Mercna weotan tosomne to Gleaweceastre under the rule of our Lord Jesus Christ. When 896 winters were passed after his birth, and in the 14th indiction-year; then, in that year, alderman Æthelred assembled all the witan of the Mercians together at Gloucester, Th. Diplm. A. D. 896; 139, 4-13. Thus, Æthelred assembled the witan at Gloucester in the year 896; 896+3 = 899; this after division by 15 leaves a remainder 14, or the year of Indiction, as stated in the foregoing example. Geban edictum, Ælfc. Gl. 87; Som. 74, 43; Wrt. Voc. 50, 25. [O. Sax. ban, n. mandātum : O. Frs. ban, bon, n : Dut. ban, m : Ger. bann, m. edictum, interdictum, proscriptio : M. H. Ger. ban, m : O. H. Ger. pan, m. scītum, anathēma : Dan, band, m. f : Swed. bann, n : Icel. bann, n. interdictum, excommunĭcātio, prohĭbĭtio.]
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