ge-síþ
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Masculine
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
ge-síþ
es; m. [cf. ge-féra] A companion, fellow, companion or follower of a chief or king; socius, comes Gif mon elþeódigne ofsleá gif he mǽgleás síe healf kynincg [áh] healf se gesíþ if one slay a foreigner, if he be kinless, half the king [has], half the companion, L. In. 23; Th. i. 116, 16. Gif gesíþcund mon þingaþ wið cyning for his inhíwan, náh he náne wíterǽdenne, se gesíþ if a 'gesithcund' man compound a suit with the king for his household, he, the 'gesith,' shall not have any fee, 50; Th. i. 134. 5. Se gesíþ gelaðede ðone cyning to his háme rex, rogatus a comite, Bd. 3, 22; S. 553. 29. Him se gesíþ fultumade and ealle ða neáhmenn juvante cŏmĭte ac vicīnis omnĭbus, 4, 4; S. 571, 14. Wæs sum gesíþ on neáweste erat cŏmes in proximo, 4, 10; S. 578, 18. Ðá bæd se gesíþ hine, ðæt he eóde on his hús rŏgāvit cŏmes eum in dŏmum suam ingrĕdi, 5, 4; S. 617, 10: 5. 5; S. 617, 40. Daniel deóra gesíþ Daniel, the beasts' associate, Cd. 208; Th. 251, 24; Dan. 662. Hyre wæs hálig gǽst singal gesíþ to her the Holy Spirit was a constant companion, Exon. 69 a; Th. 257, 4; Jul. 242. To hám his gesíþes in dŏmo cŏmĭtis, Bd. 3, 14; S. 539, 43. He on ðæs gesíþes hús ineóde dŏmum cŏmĭtis intrāvit, 5, 4; S. 617, 16. Wæs se bisceop gelaðed sumes gesíþes cyricean to hálgianne episcopus vocātus est ad dedicandam Ecclesiam comĭtis, 5, 5; S. 617, 34; Shrn. 69, 32: 70, 23: 122, 18. On gesíþes hád in the condition of a comrade, Beo. Th. 2598; B. 1297. Fram ðam ylcan gesíþe ab eŏdem comĭte, Bd. 5, 4; S. 617, 9. To his treówum gesíþe to his faithful companion, Exon. 51 b; Th. 179, 29; Gú. 1269. He hæfde him to gesíþþe sorge and longaþ he had for his companion sorrow and longing, 100 a; Th. 377, 13; Deór. 3. Swǽse gesíþas his dear companions, Beo. Th. 57; B. 29: 4086; B. 2040: 5029; B. 2518. Fróde gesíþas, ealde ǽgleáwe hit getealdon wise fellows, elders skilled in law computed it, Menol. Fox 36; Men. 18. Ða gesíþas the comrades, Salm. Kmbl. 693; Sal. 346. Mec gesíþas sendaþ æfter hondum comrades send me from hand to hand, Exon. 108 a; Th. 412, 24; Rä. 31, 5. Húþe feredon seccas and gesíþþas warriors and allies carried away the spoil, Cd. 95; Th. 124, 23; Gen. 2067: Judth. 11; Thw. 24, 22; Jud. 201. Gesíþa ða sǽmestan the worst of companions, Exon. 86 b; Th. 326, 7; Wíd. 125. Nǽnig swǽsra gesíþa no one of the dear companions, Beo. Th. 3872; B. 1934. Æðele cempa mid gesíþum the noble champion with his companions, 2630; B. 1313: 3852; B. 1924: 5257; B. 2632: Exon. 14 b; Th. 30, 1; Cri. 473. Ðæt wæs Satane and his gesíþum mid gegearwad that was prepared for Satan and his associates with him, 30 a; Th. 93, 7; Cri. 1522: 123 b; Th. 474, 21; Bo, 33: 89 b, Th. 337, 2; Gn. Ex. 58: Salm. Kmbl. 907; Sal. 453. Þeóda þrymfæste þegnum and gesíþþum famous nations with vassals and allies, Cd. 91; Th. 114, 23; Gen. 1908. [For the technical meaning of 'gesith' see Stubbs' Const. Hist. under 'comitatus' and 'gesith;' Kemble's Saxons in England, i. 168; and Schmid's A. S. Gesetz. 'gesíþ.' Goth. ga-sinþja: O. Sax. gi-síð: O. H. Ger. gi-sindo.]
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