hand
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Feminine
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
hand
hond, a; f. HAND, side, power, control [cf. mund]; used also of the person from whom an action proceeds Hand manus, Wrt. Voc. 64, 73. Middeweard hand vola vel tenar vel ir, Ælfc. Gl. 72; Som. 70, 130; Wrt. Voc. 43. 54. Ðín seó, swýðre hand dextera tua, Ps. Th. 59, 5. Ðǽr unc hwíle wæs hand gemǽne there for a time we two had a hand to hand struggle [cf. Ger. handgemein werden to fight hand to hand ], Beo. Th. 4281; B. 2137. Sette Ephraim on his swíðran hand ðæt wæs on Israhéles wynstran hand and Manasses on his winstran hand ðæt wæs on Israhéles swíðran healfe he placed Ephraim on his right hand, that was on Israel's left hand, and Manasseh on his left hand, that was on Israel's right hand, Gen. 48, 13. Seó hǽlo his ðære swýðran handa salus dextera ejus, Ps. Th. 19, 6. Gif hé heáhre handa dyntes onféhþ if he receives a right[?] hand blow [cf. Icel. hægri hönd the right hand, and see note on the passage for other translations. The analogy with the Icelandic, it may be observed, is not perfect, since the English does not (as in thecase of swíðre) use the comparative; so that the phrase may perhaps refer to the hand being raised for defence; or the reference may be to the upraised hand of the striker], L. Eth. 58; Th. i. 18, 1. God álýsde hí láðum of handa quos redemit de manu inimici, 106, 2. Tó onfónne æt bisceopes handa to receive at the hand of the bishop, L. C. E. 22; Th. i. 374, 3: Chr. 942; Erl. 116, 22. Æt Seaxena handa forwurðan to perish at the hand of the Saxons, 605; Erl. 21, 29. Mid brádre hand slógan smote with open hand, Blickl. Homl. 23, 32; Past. 41, 4; Swt. 303, 11. Mid ðære ylcan hand with the same hand, Lchdm. iii. 68, 15. Ða witan ðe ðá néh handa wǽron the 'witan' that were near at hand, Chr. 1l00; Erl. 236, 19. Hand on handa hand in hand, Ap. Th. 19, 18. Ðeóf ðe æt hæbbendre handa gefangen sý a thief who is taken with the stolen property upon him, L. Ath. 1; Th. i. 198, 17. Siððan ic hond and rond hebban mihte since I could lift hand and shield, Beo. Th. 1316: B. 656: Andr. Kmbl. 18; An. 9. Ðǽr wæs micel wæl geslægen on gehwæðre hond there was great slaughter made on either side, Chr. 871; Erl. 74, 12: Byrht. Th. 135; 2; By. 112. On ǽgðera hand on either hand, L. Ath. 1, 23; Th. i. 212, 6. Wið ǽlce hand on all sides, towards every one, L. Ed. 10; Th. i. 164, 18. Ic wille ðæt hit gange on ða nýhstan hand mé I will that it go to the next of kin to me, Th. Chart. 491, 13: 481, 22. Ða witan gerehton ðæt heó sceolde hire fæder hand geclǽnsian be swá miclan feó the 'witan' decided that she should clear her father in respect to so much money; sapientes decreverunt quod ego patrem meum purgare deberem, videlicet sacramento xxx librarum, easdem triginta libras patrem meum persolvisse, 202, 1. Bútan osterlandes béc and hé ða bóc unnendre handa hire tó lét excepto libro de osterlande quem bona voluntate dimisit, 37. Sí mé wuldres hyht hand ofer heáfod may there be to me a hope of glory, hand over head, i.e. without difficulty [hand-over-head thoughtlessly extravagant; careless; at random; plenty, Hall. Dict.], Lchdm. i. 390, 3, 5. Gif mon forstolenne man befó æt óðrum and síe sió hond óðcwolen sió hine sealde ðam men ðe hine mon ætbeféng if a stolen man be attached in another's possession, and the hand [person] be dead that sold him to the man in whose possession he is attached, L. In. 53; Th. i. 134, 17: 136, 2: 75; Th. i. 150, 5: L. Eth. 2, 8; Th. i. 288, 18, 20. His feoh onfón fremde handa diripiant alieni omnes labores ejus, Ps. Th. 108, 11. Handa ðíne manus tuæ, 118, 73. Se ðe ofer ðis fals wyrce þolige ðæra handa ðe he ðæt fals mid worhte he that after this makes counterfeit money, let him lose the hands with which he made the counterfeit, L. C. S. 8; Th. i. 380, 17. Domicianus wearþ ácweald æt his witena handum Domitian was killed by his senators. Homl. Th. i. 60, 4. Gebindan handum and fótum to bind hand and foot, 570, l0. Be heora handum gebundne bound by the hands, Blickl. Homl. 209, 36. Sý ðeós gesetnys ðus hér geendod god helpe mínum handum so let this composition here end, God help my hands, Lchdm. iii. 280, 16. Ealle forgielden ðone wer gemǽnum hondum let them all pay the wergild in common, L. Alf. pol. 31; Th. i. 80, 17: L. E. G. 13; Th. i. 174, 21. Ðá genam Sanctus Martinus hine be his handa then St. Martin took him by the hand, Blickl. Homl. 219, 19. Hit hyre on hand ágeaf gave it into her hand, Judth. 11; Thw. 23, 20; Jud. 130. Ðýlæs ðe eów on hand becume seó leáse gesetnys lest the false account come into your hands, Homl. Th. i. 436, 30. Him ealle on hand eodan ða hǽðnan leóde then all the heathen people submitted to them, Blickl. Homl. 203, 23: Chr. 882; Erl. 82, 13. Gif hig on hand gáþ if they submit, Deut. 20, 11. Ealle ða burgware ne mehton hiene ǽnne geniéddan ðæt hé him an hand gán wolde all the citizens could not force him, though a single man, to yield, Ors. 3, 9; 134, 18. Ðæs wíte on eówre handa geeode on that account punishment came upon you, Ps. 57, 2. Hé ealle gesceafta on his handa hafaþ he hath all creatures in his hand, Blickl. Homl. 121, 15. Se ðe hie on handa hæfþ who has it in his possession, L. Eth. 2, 9; Th. i. 290, 17. Se hæfde his abbotríce s' Iohs of Angeli on hande he held his abbacy of St. John of Angeli, Chr. 1127; Erl. 255, 27, 34: 256, 2. Ealle hé hí oððe wið feó gesealde oððe on his ágenre hand heóld all of them he either sold for money or kept in his own hands, 1100; Erl. 236, 6, 9. Mann sette Ælfgár ðane eorldóm on handa ðe Harold ǽr áhte the earldom that Harold had before was put into Alfgar's hands, 1048; Erl. 180, 29. Se ðe ic hit nú on hand sette he into whose hand I now put it, L. O. 3; Th. i. 180, 3. Se ðe unriht gestreón on his handa stóde he in whose hands was the unjust gain, L. Eth. 2, 9; Th. i. 290, 5: Th. Chart. 369, 7. Þridde gewrit á mid ðam ðe ðæt land on hande stande the third copy always with him in whose possession the land is, Cod. Dipl. Kmbl. iv. 235, 31. Gyf neód on handa stande if there be present need, L. Edg. H. 2; Th. i. 258, 6. Biþ mannes sunu geseald on synfulra hand the Son of man shall be given into the hands of sinful men, Blickl. Homl. 73, 1. On hand syllan to give a pledge or promise Hé sealde him on hand mid Cristes béc ðæt hé wolde ðísne þeódscype swá wel haldan swá ǽnig kyngc ætforan him betst dyde he promised him on the Gospels that he would rule this people as well as the king who before him had ruled best, Chr. 1066; Erl. 202, 31: 1064; Erl. 196, 1. Slaga sceal his forspecan on hand syllan the slayer shall give pledge to his advocate, L. Edm. S. 7; Th. i. 250, 14: L. Eth. 2, 8; Th. i. 288, 16. Gif hwá his hand on hand sylle if any one deliver himself up, L. Ed. 9; Th. i. 164, 10. Cyricean hyrde tó cristes handa shepherd of the Church for Christ, Blickl. Homl. 171, 7. Ðet land eall ábégdon Willelme tó handa brought all the land in subjection to William, Chr. 1073; Erl. 212, 1. Him becómon swá micele welan tó handa so great wealth came into his hands, Homl. Th. ii. 576, 30. Ic beóde ðe ðat ðú beríde ðás land ðam hǽlge tó hande I enjoin thee that thou perequitate these lands into the possession of the saint, Th. Chart. 369, 22. Swá Ælfríc hig mínre móder tó handa bewiste as Alfric administered it on behalf of my mother [cf. Icel. einum til handa], Cod. Dipl. Kmbl. iv. 222, 19: 226, 4. Sý ðæt forworht ðam cyningce tó handa let it be forfeited to the king, L. C. S. 13; Th. i. 382, 20. Tó Godes handa gefrætwod equipped for God, Homl. Th. i. 210, 32. Se cing lét gerídan ealle ða land ðe his módor áhte him tó handa the king had all the lands that his mother owned brought into his own power, Chr. 1043; Erl. 168, 9: Cod. Dipl. Kmbl. iv. 222, 6. Drihten gewylt eów ealle þeóda tó handa the Lord will reduce all nations to subjection to you, Deut. 31, 3. Hí cwǽðon ðæt hí him ðet tó handa healdan scoldan they said that they would hold it for him, Chr. 887; Erl. 87, 3: 1036; Erl. 165, 6: L. I. P. 19; Th. ii. 326, 6. Drihten lét hí tó handa ðam hǽðenan leódscipe Madian the Lord delivered them into the hand of Midian, Jud. 6, 1: Chr. 1048; Erl. 180, 9. Hér leót Ceolréd Wulfréde tó hande ðet land of Sempigaham in this year Ceolred let the land of Sempringham to Wulfred, 852; Erl. 67, 33: 1091; Erl. 227, 7, 24: Anal. Th. 126, 14. Gif þeówwealh Engliscne monnan ofslihþ ðonne sceal se ðe hine áh weorpan hine tó honda hláforde if a British slave kill an Englishman, then shall he who owns him give him up to the lord, L. In. 74; Th. i. 148, 15: 56; Th. i. 138, 12: L. Alf. pol. 21; Th. i. 76, 1: 24; Th. i. 78, 10. Gá bisceope under hand arbitrio episcopi se dedat, L. Ecg. P. 4, 52, note; Th. ii. 218, 33. Hí wǽron geseald under sweordes hand tradentur in manus gladii, Ps. Th. 62, 8. Alle þinge ðe hí under honde habben all things that they have in their possession, Th. Chart. 582, 1, 19: Cod. Dipl. Kmbl. iv. 268, 32. [Cf. Icel. undir höndum einum in one's power.] Gelǽddon under hand hæleþ hǽðenum déman led the men in subjection to a heathen ruler, Cd. 175; Th. 220, 14; Dan. 71. [Goth. handus: O. Sax. hand: O. Frs. hand, hond: Icel. hönd: O. H. Ger. hant: Ger. hand.] DER. mǽg-, wǽpned-, wíf-hand.
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