hwá
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun, Adjective, Pronoun, Conjunction
Gender: Masculine, Neuter
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
§7,
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
hwá
m, f; hwæt; n. Who; what. I. in direct questions [with indic. or subj.] Quis hwá is werlíc hád que hwilc is wíflíc, cujus hwæs, cui hwam a quo fram hwam ... Gif ic cweðe quis hoc fecit hwá dyde ðis ðonne biþ se quis interrogativum ðæt is áxigendlíc, Ælfc. Gr. 18; Som. 21, 12-27. Hwá hwylc mann swá Drihten ondrǽt quis est homo qui timeat Dominum? Ps. Th. 24, 10. Hwá is moncynnes ðæt ne wundrie what man is there that does not admire? Bt. Met. Fox 28, 10; Met. 28, 5. Hwá þegna, 86; Met. 28, 43. Hwæt is se gewuldroda cyning quis est iste rex gloriæ? Ps. Th. 32, 10. Hwæt hátte Noes wíf what was Noe's wife called? Salm. Kmbl. 184, 28. Hwæt wénst ðú hwæt is ðes quis putas est iste? Mk. Skt. 4, 41; Lk. Skt. 5, 21. Hwæt ys ðes mannes sunu? Jn. Skt. 12, 34. Hwæt sind ðás búton þrymsetl heora Scyppendes what are these but thrones of their Creator? Homl. Th. i. 346, 11. Hwæt sind ða strangan? Ða beóþ strange and trume ðe þurh geleáfan wel þeónde beóþ, ii. 390, 22. Ðá cwæþ Isaac: Hwæt eart ðu? Hé andwirde: Ic eom Esau. Ðá cwæþ Isaac: Hwæt wæs se ðe mé ǽr brohte of huntoþe? Gen. 27, 32-3. Hwæt is se ðe ðé slóh quis est qui te percussit? Mt. Kmbl. 26, 68. Hwæt eom ic manna ðæt ic mihte god forbeódan what manner of man am I, that I could forbid God, Homl. Swt.10, 191: Elen. Kmbl. 1802; El. 903: Beo. Th. 479; B. 237. Hwæt is þinga ðe bitere síe what thing is there that is bitterer? Past. 21; Swt. 164, 1. Hwæt næddercynna sí on eorþan how many kinds of snakes are there on the earth? Salm. Kmbl. 204, 7. Hwæt suna hæfde Adam what sons had Adam? 184, 31. Hwæt synt ðínum esne ealra dagena quot sunt dies servi tui? Ps. Th. 118, 84. Hwæt gódes dó ic quid boni faciam? Mt. Kmbl. 19, 16. Hwæt þincþ eów be Criste hwæs sunu ys hé quid vobis videtur de Christo? cujus est filius? 22, 42. Hunta ic eom. Hwæs? venator sum. Cujus? Coll. Monast. Th. 21, 7. Hwæs wénaþ se ðe nyle gemunan what does he expect that will not remember? Exon. 25 b; Th. 74, 1; Cri. 1200. Tó hwam gá wé ad quem ibimus? Jn. Skt. 6, 68. Bí hwon scealt ðú lifgan by what art thou to live? Exon. 36 b; Th. 118, 23; Gú. 244. For hwan nǽron eorþwelan gedǽled gelíce why have not earth's treasures been equally divided? Salm. Kmbl. 685, 693, 703; Sal. 342, 346, 351. For hwan gǽst ðú swá búton wæstme ðínes gewinnes? St. And. 24, 15: Ps. Th. 73, 11: 113, 5. For hwon sécest ðú sceade? Cd. 42; Th. 54, 7, 12; Gen. 873, 876. On hwam mæg man geseón mannes deáþ by what can one foresee a man's death? Salm. Kmbl. 206, 10. On hwan in quo? Ps. Th. 118, 9. Tó hwæm willaþ gé þider faran why will ye go thither? St. And. 6, 18. Tó hwam, Salm. Kmbl. 894; Sal. 446. Tó hwan, Soul Kmbl. 39; Seel. 17. Hwæne séce gé quem quæritis? Jn. Skt. 18, 7. For hwí quare? Ps. Th. 113, 5: Coll. Monast. Th. 24, 19. For hwí swá cur sic? 27. Tó hwí stande gé ídele why stand ye idle, Homl. Th. ii. 74, 35. Hwý biþ his anwald áuhte ðý mára gif hé náh his selfes geweald in what way will his power be at all the greater if he has not command over himself? Bt. Met. Fox 16, 39; Met. 16, 20. II. in dependent clauses Gif ic cweþe nescio quis hoc fecit nát ic hwá ðis dyde ðon biþ se quis infinitivum ðæt is ungeendigendlíc. Gif ic cweþe tu scis quis hoc fecit ðú wást hwá ðys dyde ðon biþ se quis relativum ðæt is edlesendlíc, Ælfc. Gr. 18; Som. 21, 27-30. Hogodon georne hwá ǽrost mihte on fǽgean men feorh gewinnan strove eagerly who might first obtain the life of a 'fey' man, Byrht. Th. 135, 26; By. 124. Men ne cunnon secgan hwá ðæm hlæste onféng, Beo. Th. 104; B. 52: Andr. Kmbl. 761; An. 381. Ic nú scortlíce secgan scyle hwá ðæs ordfruman wǽron I will now shortly tell who its authors were, Ors. 5, 9; Swt. 232, 18. Næfdon hwæt hí ǽton nec haberent quod manducarent, Mk. Skt. 8, 1. Ne rǽdde gé ðæt hwæt dauid dyde ðá hine hingrede nec hoc legistis quod fecit dauid cum esurisset, Lk. Skt. 6, 3. Ðonne sceal gehwá him æteówian hwæt hé mid ðam punde geteolod hæfþ, Homl. Th. ii. 558, 10. Gehiéren hwæt áwriten is, Past. 44; Swt. 323, 7: 45; Swt. 341, 12: 52; Swt. 405, 29. Geþince gé hwæt gé síen and hwelce gé síen pensa quod es, Past. 21, 4; Swt. 159, 14: 1, 3; Swt. 27, 23. Hé sǽde hyre hwæt heó man ne wæs he told her how she was not a man, Homl. Swt. 2, 78. Seó eorþe is tó wundrienne hwæt heó ǽrest oððe gódra þinga cenne mirandum est terra quantum aut bonarum rerum pariat, Nar. 2, 12. Mé wæs uncúþ hwæt ðæs ðám lícian wolde ðe æfter ús wǽren I did not know how much of it would please those that should be after us, L. Alf. 49; Th. i. 58, 22. Hit næs ná gesǽd hwæt Pirruses folces gefeallen wǽre, Ors. 4, 1; Bos. 77, 30. [Ðæt is ungeliéfedlíc tó gesecganne] hwæt ðæs ealles wæs what there was of it all, 5, 12; Swt. 240, 16: Chr. 1046; Erl. 171, 3. Hé nyste hwæt ðæs sóðes wæs he did not know how much truth there was in it, Ors. 1, 1; Swt. 17, 33. Hý ne áhsedan hwæt ðæra gefarenra wǽre, ac hwæt heora ðonne tó láfe wǽre they did not ask how many were dead, but how many of them were then left, 4, 4; Bos. 80, 12. Ðá befran se sceaða hwæt hé manna wǽre. Homl. Th. ii. 502, 27: Cd. 64; Th. 77, 6; Gen. 1271. Saga hwæt ic hátte say what I am called, Exon. 102 b; Th. 387, 1; Rä. 4, 72, Ðæt hie geþencen hwæs folgeras hie sindon ut cujus sint sequaces agnoscant, Past. 47, 1; Swt. 357, 16. Wé cwǽdon hwæs se wyrðe wǽre ðe óðrum ryhtes wyrnde, L. Ed. 2; Th. i. 160, 10. Ic cýðe hwæs ic gean intó ealdan mynstre, Chart. Th. 333, 10: Andr. Kmbl. 290; An. 145. Swá wæs gemearcod hwam ðæt sweord geworht ǽrest wǽre so was marked for whom that sword was first wrought, Beo. Th. 3397; B. 1696. Ic ne can for hwam se streám ne mót stillan nihtes I know not why the stream cannot rest at night, Salm. Kmbl. 795; Sal. 397. Lyt ðú gemundest tó hwan ðínre sáwle þing siððan wurde little didst thou mind to what thy soul's condition would come, Soul Kmbl. 39; Seel. 20: Beo. Th. 4149; B. 2071. Sió hálige gesomnung þurh gesceádwísnesse gesiehþ of huan ǽlc costung cymeþ sancta ecclesia, quæ ex causis singulis tentamenta prodeant, per discretionem conspicit, Past. 11, 2; Swt. 65, 24. Ac ðú findst wið hwone ðú meaht flítan sed contra quos valeatis vos extendere, semper invenitis, 44, 8; Swt. 331, 5. Be hwý according to what principle, Chart. Th. 171, 7. Ic wundrige for hwý se góda God lǽte ǽnig yfel beón I wonder for what reason the good God allows any evil to exist, Bt. 36, 1; Fox 172, 4. For hwig, St. And. 32, 13. Frægn hí mid hwí hí gescildan heora hús he asked them what they protected their house with, Shrn. 90, 7. III. [an indefinite pronoun] any one, some one; anything, something Gif hwá on cirican hwæt þeófige if any one steal anything in a church, L. Alf. pol. 6; Th. i. 66, 2. Gyf hwá eów ǽnig þingc tócwyþ si quis vobis aliquid dixerit, Mt. Kmbl. 21, 3. Nellaþ hí gelýfan ðeáh hwá of deáþe árise they will not believe, though one rose from death, Homl. Th. i. 334, 21: Bt. Met. Fox 10, 53; Met. 10, 27. Ðeáh ánra hwá ealles wealde ðæs íglandes though any one rule all that island, 16, 31; Met. 16, 16. Hwæt hwá óðrum tó wó gedó what any one does wrongfully to another, L. E. I. 35; Th. ii. 432, 26. Búton hwá þurh flánes flyht fyl genáme, Byrht. Th. 133, 56; By. 71. Gif hé næbbe hwæt hé selle if he have not anything to give, L. Alf. 24; Th. i. 50, 16. Ne furþum ne giémaþ hwæt hie dón oððe hwonne hie hwæt dón qui nequaquam, quæ quando agant, inspiciunt, Past. 39, 3; Swt. 287, 7. Ánes hwæt tó singanne to sing something, 46, 2; Swt. 347, 6: Beo. Th. 6013; B. 3010. Tó ðæm gleáw ðæt hé swelces hwæt tócnáwan cunne so skilled that he can distinguish in a matter of such a kind, Past. 52, 10; Swt. 411, 26. Blæc oððe won oððe swilces hwæt pale or livid or something of that kind, L. M. 1, 35; Lchdm. ii. 82, 13: Beo. Th. 1764: B. 880. Gif hwæt yfles on biþ, L. M. 2, 24; Lchdm. ii. 214, 13. Lytles hwæt, Ors. 3, 7; Swt. 120, 4: 3, 9; Swt. 136, 18. Gif friþgeard sí on hwæs lande if a 'friþgeard' be on any one's land, L. N. P. L. 54; Th. ii. 298, 16. Gif hwæs bróðor deád biþ si cujus frater mortuus fuerit, Mk. Skt. 12, 19. Ðonne ðæt mód hwæs wilnode tó witanne ðæs ðe hit ǽr for sweotole ongytan ne meahte, Shr. 164, 19. Ðeáh hwæm swá ne þince though to any one it seem not so, Bt. 20; Fox 70, 32. Rinca hwæm, Bt. Met. Fox 22, 56; Met. 22, 28. Oft hwæm gebyreþ ðæt hé hwæt mǽrlíces and wundorlíces gedéþ, Past. 4, 1; Swt. 39, 6: 40, 5; Swt. 297, 4. Hit biþ on ánes hwæm ðé unfæstre impar quisque invenitur ad singula, 4, 1; Swt. 37, 15. Sóna swá sacerda hwylc hwone on wóh gesyhþ directly any priest sees any one in error, L. E. I. 28; Th. ii. 424, 26. Ðeáh mon hwone gódra mid rihte herige, Bt. 30, 1; Fox 108, 8: Bt. Met. Fox 10, 1; Met. 10, 1: Beo. Th. 312; B. 155. IV. in combination with swá, whosoever, whatsoever, whatever Swá hwá quicunque, Ælfc. Gr. 18; Som. 21, 37: swá hwá quisquis, 34. Swá hwá swá ðé genýt þúsend stapa quicunque te; angariaberit mille passus, Mt. Kmbl. 5, 41: Cd. 22; Th. 28, 20; Gen. 438: 24; Th. 31, 10; Gen. 483. Swá hwæt swá hig woldon quæcumque voluerunt, Mt. Kmbl. 17, 12: Cd. 35; Th. 47, 4; Gen. 755. [Hí mósten césen of clerchádes man swá hwam (acc. ) swá hí wolden, Chr. 1123; Erl. 250, 11. V. taking the place of the earlier se Hé wið ðone cyng geworhte for hwan hine se cyng ealles benǽmde he acted against the king; on which account the king deprived him of everything, 1104; Erl. 239, 31: 1110; Erl. 243, 15: 1117; Erl. 246, 21.] [Laym. wha; whæt, what, wat: Orm. wha; whatt: A. R. hwo; hwat: O. and N. hwo, wo; hwat, what, wat: R. Glouc. wo; wat: Ayenb. huo; huet: Chauc. Piers P. who; what: Goth. hwas, m: hwó; f: hwa; n: O. Sax. hwe; hwat: O. Frs. hwa; hwet: Icel. hvar; hvat: O. H. Ger. hwer; hwaz: Ger. wer; was: Lat. quis; quid.] v. hwæt, hwý; ge-whá.
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