on-ginnan
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Strong
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
on-ginnan
p. -gan[n]; pl. -gunnon; pp. -gunnen. I. to begin, set about, set to work Ic onginne inchoo, Ælfc. Gr. 24; Som. 25, 39: incipio, 28, 6; Som. 32, 42: ineo, 37; Som. 39, 1. Wæs ongunnen ordiretur, Hpt. Gl. 494, 11. a. where the action begun is given by the verb in the infin. or in the gerund. Ic onginne tó wearmigenne calesco, 35; Som. 38, 4. Hé onginþ (incipiet) tó álýsenne his folc of þeówte, Jud. 13, 5. Ðá ongan ic ða bóc wendan on Englisc, Past. pref.; Swt. 7, 17. Ðú ðe ongunne (coepisti ) ætýwan ðíne mǽrþe, Deut. 3, 24. Se ongan ǽrest onclypian Drihtnes naman, Gen. 4, 26. Ongan se Hǽlend bodian, Mt. Kmbl. 4, 17. Ðá ongan hine langian on his cýþþe, Blickl. Homl. 113, 14. Ongan se Hǽlend him andswarigende tó cweþan, Mk. Skt. 13, 5. Hí ongunnon ða eár pluccigean, 2, 23. b. where a case follows Se mon ðe gód onginneþ and ðonne áblinneþ. . . Se ðe gód onginneþ and on ðon þurhwunaþ, Blickl. Homl. 21, 34-36. Freme ðæt ðú ongunne, 189, 3. Raðe ðæs hié óðer ongunnon wið Macedonie cui Macedonicum bellum continuo successit, Ors. 4, 11; Swt. 202, 32. Ongin ðæt ðú onginnest, Blickl. Homl. 187, 22. Ðæt fæsten ongunnen wæs instepes ðæs ðe hé of íæm fulwihte ástág, 35, 5. c. where the verb is used intransitively Ðá six onginnaþ of ðam stæfe e, and geendiaþ on him sylfum; x ána onginþ on ðam stæfe i, Ælfc. Gr. 2; Som. 2, 57-58 II. to attempt, endeavour (with infin.) Ic onginne conabor, Wrt. Voc. ii. 24, 77: nitar, 60, 3. Ðæt ic geseó ða mé onginnaþ dón ða werrestan tintrega that I may see those who are trying to inflict on me the worst tortures, Blickl. Homl. 229, 24. Hiene Hannibal áspón ðæt hé ðæt gewin leng[ne] ongan Hannibal induced him to carry on the struggle longer, Ors. 4, 11; Swt. 204, 31. Se náht freomlíces ongan on ðære cynewísan nihil omnino in re militari ausus est, Bd. 1, 3; S. 475., 20. Ðá ongunnon (tentabant) ða scypmenn ða ancras upp teón, 3, 15; S. 541, 40. Óþ hé ongite ðæt hé mǽge ábiddan æt Gode ðæt hé ongiene (-ginne, MSS. Cot.) until he finds that he can obtain by prayer from God what he endeavours to get, Past. 10; Swt. 61, 22. Ðæt ic dorste ðisweorc ongynnan ut hoc opus adgredi auderem, Bd. pref. ; S. 472, 12. Hé wolde onginnan hím óleccan, Bt. 35, 6; Fox 168, 13. III. to act strenuously Hí on ðam gewinne werlíce ongunnon. Homl. Th. ii. 502, 5. Onginnaþ werlíce, i. 188, 31. Onginnaþ esnlíce viriliter agite, Deut. 31, 6. IV. to make an attempt upon, to attack Gramhýdige mé mid unrihte oft onginnaþ injusti insurrexerunt in me, Ps. Th. 85, 13. Donne ús mánfulle menn onginnaþ (insurgerent), 123, 2. Ðonne yfle unmǽgas onginnaþ, mécum gemétaþ, swá gé mé dydon, Vald. 2, 23. Mé strange ongunnon irruerunt in me fortes, Ps. Th. 58, 3 : 61, 3. Gif hí sceoldon eofor onginnan. Exon. Th. 344, 20 ; Gn. Ex. 176. [O. H. Ger. in-ginnan inchoare, incipere, conari, moliri, niti.]
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