sceótan
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Strong
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
sceótan
p. sceát, pl. scuton, sceoton ; pp. scoten. I. to shoot, a. cast a missile, with acc. of missile Ðæt yrre scýt his spere ongeán ðæt geþyld ira lanceam suam jacit contra patientiam, Gl. Prud. 20 b. Ða wǽpna ðe ðæt yrre scét (miserat ), 21 b. Hig sceoton hyra strǽlas tó ðære hynde, Shrn. 148, 6. b. to shoot (intrans. ) Ic torfige oððe sceóte jacio, Ælfc. Gr. 28, 6; Som. 32, 38, Se ðe of flánbogan fyrenum sceóteþ, Beo. Th. 3493 ; B. 1744. Hé hygegár léteþ, scúrum sceóteþ, Exon. Th. 315, 22 ; Mód. 35. Hé on bord sceát, Byrht. Th. 139, 46; By. 270. Hé mid geǽttredum strǽle ongan sceótan wið ðæs ðe hé geseah ðæt hrýþer stondan, Blickl. Homl. 199, 19. II. to shoot an object, hit an object with a missile Wyrd gást scýt, heó gár bireþ, Salm. Kmbl. 875 ; Sal. 437. Ðonne hié (the serpen ) mon slóg oððe sceát, Ors. 4, 6; Swt. 174, 7. Hé ó;ðerne sceát. Byrht. Th. 135, 67; By. 143. Tó ðam ðæt hí mágon sceótan ða unscyldigheortan ut sagittent rectos corde. Ps. Th. 10, 2. Ðǽr læg secg mænig ofer scild scoten, Chr. 937 ; Erl. 112, 19. Gif ðú wǽre on fell scoten, Lchdm. iii. 54, 4-7. II. a. wherethe weapon is the subject Ðá ðone ilcan welegan mon se strǽl sceát, ðæt hé sóna deád wæs, Blickl. Homl. 199, 23. III. to shoot, make an object move rapidly, push (cf. to shoot a bolt) Ðonne man ða sulh forþ drífe, and ða forman furh on sceóte, Lchdm. i. 404, 2. Belúcaþ ða ǽrenan gatu and tóforan on sceótaþ ða ýsenan scyttelsas, Nicod. 27; Thw. 15, 15. Hé lét dragan up ðæne deádan Harald and hine on fen sceótan, Chr. 1040; Erl. 166, 24. III a. to give a person help in escaping (cf. Icel. skjóta einum brott, undan to let a person escape) :-- Gyf hine man teó ðæt hé hine (the criminal ) út sceóte, L. Edg. H. 6; Th. i. 260, 9. IV. to shoot, move rapidly, dart, run, plunge, rush, a. of living things Swá swá déþ se ðe his feóndum ofer sumne weall ætfleón wile, ðonne cépþ hé hwǽr se weall unhéhst sý, and ðǽr ofer scýt, Homl. Th. i. 484, 11. Hé scét innan sǽ misit se in mare, Jn. Skt. 21, 7. Hé unscrýdde hine sylfne and scǽt into ðam mere, Homl. Skt. i. 11, 211. Án culfre scǽt (sceát, MS. V.) of ðam fýre into ðære eá, 3, 73. Hi ánmódlíce him tó scuton they ran upon him with one accord (Acts vii. 57), Homl. Th. i. 46, 34: 404, 4: ii. 496, 19. Seó dene wæs áfylled mid manna sáwlum ða scuton of ðam fýre into ðam cyle (utrumque latus erat animabus hominum plenum, quae vicissim hinc inde videbantur quasi tempestatis impetu jactari, Bd. 5, 12), 350, 10. Gif ðú Godes sunu sý, sceót ádún (mitte te deorsum, Mt. 4, 6) ... Ðæt wǽre swíðe gilplíc dǽd, gif Grist scute ðá ádún, i. 170, 1, 21. b. of inanimate things On ða burnan ðe of ðam munt scýtt in torrentem, qui de monte descendit, Deut. 9, 21. Ðǽr sciét se Wendelsǽ up of ðæm gársecge Tyrrheni maris faucibus oceani aestus immittitur, Ors. 1, 1; Swt. 8, 25. Scýt, Swt. 8, 32. Seó eá scýt út on ðone gársecg, Swt. 14, 14. Ðǽr ocærburna útt scýt on sǽ, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iii. 175, 31: 424, 4. Seó lacu út scyt, 422, 14, 26. Ðonne ða wolcnan sceótaþ betweón hyre (the sun ) and ðé, Shrn. 201, 25. Him on gafol forlét feówer wellan scíre sceótan, Exon. Th. 420, 1; Rä. 39, 4. c. of speech Hé ðæs geanwyrde wes ætforan eallum ðám mannum ðe ðǽr gegaderode wǽron, ðeáh him ðæt word of scute his unnþances though the remark burst from him involuntarily, Chr. 1055; Erl. 189, 6. V. to run (of a road, etc.) On ðam wege ðe scýtt tó ðam pytte per viam, quae ducit ad puteum, Gen. 24, 62. Tó ðere fyrh ðe scýt súþrihte tó ðære miclan strǽt ... Óþ ðone weg ðe scýt tó fealuwes leá ... tó ðam wege ðe scýt tó ðam hricgge, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iii. 422, 4-19, 20, 25. Óþ ðæt se weall eást sciát, ii. 86, 20. VI. to refer a case to a person or court Ðus wrát Hieronimus. Gif hwá elles secge, wé sceótaþ tó him, Homl. Th. ii. 306, 19. Ðá nolde he, bútan hit man sceóte tó scíregemóte, Chart. Th. 288, 19. Gif preóst dóm tó lǽwedum sceóte, ðe hé tó gehádedum scolde, L. N. P. L. 5; Th. ii. 290, 22. Wé lǽraþ, ðæt nán sacu ðe betweox preóstan sí ne beó gescoten tó woruldmanna sóme, ac séman heora ágene geféran, oððe sceótan tó ðam biscope, L. Edg. C. 7; Th. ii. 246, 5: L. I. P. 10; Th. ii. 316, 36. Se engel andwyrde: Uton sceótan tó Godes dóme, Homl. Th. ii. 338, 33. VII. to advance money, contribute, pay (cf. scot) Hé forgeaf Middel-Sexon ðæt feoh ðæt hé heom fore sceát, Chart. Th. 551, 12. Sceóte ǽlc gegylda ǽnne gyldsester fulne clǽnes hwǽtes, 606, 6. Sceóte man ælmessan, Wulfst. 170, 18. Sceóte man æt ǽghwilcre híde pænig oððe pæniges weorð, 181, 4. Wé cwǽdon ðæt úre ǽlc scute .iiii. pæng tó úre gemǽne þearfe ... and forgyldon ðæt yrfe ðe syððan genumen wǽre ðe wé ðæt feoh scuton, L. Ath. V. 2; Th. i. 230, 15-17. VIII. to shoot (of sharp pain) Wið sceótendum wenne, Lchdm. ii. 324, 25: iii. 30, 3. [O. Frs. skiata to shoot: O. H. Ger. sciozan jaculari, sagittare, ferire: Icel. skjóta to shoot with a weapon (dat.); to push quickly; to refer a case to (til) another; to pay.] v. á-, be-, for-, ge-, of-, óþ-, þurh-, un-, under-sceótan; scotian.
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