Bosworth Toller's

Anglo-Saxon

Dictionary online

sleán

  • verb [ strongcontracted ]
Dictionary links
Grammar
sleán, p. slóh, slóg, slógh, pl. slógon; pp. slagen, slægen, slegen. <b>A.</b> trans. I.
Wright's OE grammar
§5; §54; §68; §69; §70; §128; §139; §148; §170; §172; §239; §246; §320; §328; §329; §475; §476; §509;
to strike an object, smite
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  • Gif ðú slehst

    si percusseris,

      Kent. Gl. 880.
  • Gif man óðerne mid fyste in naso slæhþ,

      L. Ethb. 57; Th. i. 16, 17.
  • Ðæt fell hlýt, ðonne hit mon sliehþ,

      Past. 46; Swt. 347, 5.
  • Ðæt ár ðonne hit mon slihþ, 37 ; Swt. 267, 24.
  • Ðám ðe ðé slihþ (slyhþ,

      MS. A. : sláeþ, Lind. ) on ðín gewenge, Lk. Skt. 6, 29.
  • Ic sylfa slóh gréne tácne gársecges deóp,

      Cd. Th. 195, 21; Exod. 280.
  • Ðonne hié

    (the serpent)

    mon slog oððe sceát,
      Ors. 4, 6; Swt. 174, 7.
  • Hé ðone níðgæst slóh, ðæt ðæt sweord gedeáf,

      Beo. Th. 5392 ; B. 2699.
  • Slóh ðá wundenlocc ðone feóndsceaþan fágum méce,

      Judth. Thw. 23, 3; Jud. 103.
  • Sume hyne slógon (slogan. Lind. ,

      Rush. ) on
    his ansýne mid hyra handum, and cwǽdon: Sege hwæt is se ðe ðé slóh (slóg, Rush. ) Mt. Kmbl. 26, 67, Me weras slógon and swungon, Andr. Kmbl. 1927; An. 966.
  • Hí mé mid sweopum slógun, Exon. Th. 88, 18; Cri. 142.Ne sleá gé nánne

    neminem concutiatis,

      Lk. Skt. 3, 14.
  • Sleáþ synnigne ofer seolfes múþ,

      Andr. Kmbl. 2601; An. 1302.
  • Se ðe sleá (

    percusserit

    ) his fæder oððe his móder swelte hé deáþe,
      Ex. 21, 15.
  • Gehýrde ic ðæt Eádweard ánne slóge swíðe mid his swurde,

      Byrht. Th. 135, 13; By. 117.
  • Ðá beáh hé sleánde his breóst,

      H. R. 107, 11.
  • Áhsa hwæðer hé ǽfre wǽre slegen on ða sídan. Lchdm. ii. 258, 23.
  • Biþ slaegen

    percellitur,

      Wrt. Voc. ii. 117, 3.
  • An slægenre

    in pacte,

      48, 77.
of special kinds of striking,
to strike coin, to stamp money (cf. similar use in
O. Frs. and Icel. ), cf. mynet-slege
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  • Wæs ðæs feós ofergewrit ðæs ylcan mynetsleges ðe man ðæt feoh on slóh, sóna ðæs forman geáres ðá Decius féng tó ríce. Homl. Skt. i. 23, 476.
  • Ælc mynetere ðe man tíhþ ðæt fals feoh slóge. L. Eth. iii. 8; Th. i. 296, 12.
  • Godes feoh biþ befæst myneterum tó sleánne,

      Homl. Th. ii. 554, 14.
to forge a weapon (cf.
Icel. ), . cf. slecg-hamer
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  • Sæt smiþ, slóh seax. Lchdm. iii. 52, 27.
of a serpent,
to sting
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  • Gif næddre sleá man,

      Lchdm. ii. no, 14.
to strike so as to kill, to slay
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  • Slés ðú

    occideris,

      Ps. Surt. 138, 19.
  • Hé sléþ

    occideret,

      77, 34.
  • Mann slihþ ðínne oxan

    bos tuus immoletur.

      Deut. 28, 31.
  • Ic

    slóg

    niceras,
      Beo. Th. 847; 6. 421: Exon. Th. 272, 4; Jul. 494.
  • Ðonne God hié slóg

    (occideret),

    ðonne sóhton hié hine,
      Past. 36, 3; Swt. 251, 20: Beo. Th. 217; B. 108.
  • Slógh,

      Bd. 3, 9 ; S. 533, 14.
  • Hé slóh and fylde feond,

      Cd. Th. 124, 32; Gen. 2071.
  • Se hagol slóh ealle ða þing ðe úte wǽron, ǽgðer ge men ge nýtenu. Ex. 9, 25.
  • Slógon

    obruerunt,

      Wrt. Voc. ii. 65, 20.
  • Abraham ne sleah ðín bearn,

      Cd. Th. 176, 18; Gen. 2913.
  • Sleh,

      204, 12; Exod. 418.
  • Sleá man ðone leásan wítegan

    propheta Hie interficietur,

      Deut. 13, 5.
  • Ðás folc sleán mid cwealmþreá, Cd. Th. 151, 10;

    Gen.

    2506.
  • Se eorl wolde sleán eaferan sínne,

      203, 30; Exod. 411.
  • On deáþ sleán (cf.

    Dan.

    at slaa ihjel) scyldige,
      76, 34; Gen. 1267.
  • Hé biþ . . . tó sleánne oðde tó álýsenne,

      L. Wih. 28 ; Th. i. 42, 25.
  • Hié wǽron ða wǽpnedmen sleánde,

      Ors. l, 10; Swt. 48, 6.
  • Wæs Fin slægen,

      Beo. Th. 2309; B. 1152.
  • Sacerdas wǽron slægene,

      Bd. 1, 15; S. 484, 1.
  • Ða hǽþenan wǽron slægne,

      3, 24; S. 556, 29. .
to make by striking, to strike fire, to make a mark, sound, signal
by a stroke
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  • Ðá arn sum þeng and slóh tácen æt ðam gæte

    cucurrit minister, et pulsans ad ostium,

      Bd. 3, 11; S. 536, 17.
  • Hé tácen mid his handa slóh

    sonitum manu faciens,

      4, 3 ; S. 568, 6.
  • Men tácen slógon,

      Guthl. 11; Gdwin. 54, 24: 12 ; Gdwin. 58, 23.
  • Sleah feówer scearpan,

      Lchdm. ii. 100, 3 : 142, 18.
  • Sleá him ánne spearcan, 290, 17. . V a. to strike a bargain (cf.

    Icel.

    slá kaupi) :-- Hig slógon heora wedd ǽgðer tó óðrum,
      Gen. 21, 27.
to strike, drive so as to cause impact
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  • Hé slóh fýr on feóndas he drove the fire on to the foes, Cd. Th. 237, 28; Dan. 344. VIa. metaph. :-- Ic wéne gif wit uncre word tósomne sleáþ, ðæt ðǽr ásprunge sum spearca sóþfæstnesse, Bt. 35, 5; Fox 164, 2. VI b. to pitch a tent, drive a stake into the ground (cf. Icel. slá landtjoldum;

    Ger.

    ein Lager schlagen) :-- Iacob slóh his geteld on ðæré dúne,
      Gen. 31, 25.
  • Sleah ǽnne stacan onmiddan ðam ymb-hagan,

      Lchdm. i. 395, 4.
  • Ða hét Moises sleán án geteld bútan hira wícstówe,

      Ex. 33, 7: Homl. Th. ii. 242, 8.
  • Ða stówa ðe gé eówre geteld on sleán sceoldon, Deut. i. 33. VIc. to cast into chains (cf.

    O. Frs.

    on tha helda slein) :-- Hió sceolde ða men weorpan an wildedeóra líc and siððan sleán on ða raccentan and on copsas.
      Bt. 38, 1; Fox 194, 32.
to move by a stroke, to strike off a limb, etc.
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  • Hí slógon him of ðæt heáfod,

      Th. An. 122, 23.
  • Sleá mon hond of oððe fót,

      L. In. 18; Th. i. 114, 7: 37; Th. i. 124, 23.
metaph. to strike with disease, punishment, etc. , cf. a paralytic, apoplectic
stroke
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  • Ic ástrecce mine hand and sleá Egipta land on eallum minum wundrum. Ex. 3, 20.
  • Sliét concidet (cervices peccatorum), Blickl. Gl. Hí mid ðý wíte ðæs foresprecenan wræces slægene wǽron

    praefatae ultionis sunt poena multati,

      Bd. 4, 25 ; S. 601, 31. B. intrans.
to strike, make a stroke
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  • Hé yrringa slóh

    in anger he struck,

      Beo. Th. 3135; B. 1565: 5350; B. 2679.
  • On ðone eádgan andwlitan men hondum slógun,

      Exon. Th. 69, 22; Cri. 1124.
  • Ðæt hé mé ongeán sleá, Beo. Th. 1367; B. 681. Ia.

    to strike

    as a smith does :-- Hé sulh heóld and on íren slóh and corn ðærsc and windwode.
      Shrn. 61, 18.
to kill (the object not being expressed)
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  • Ne sleah

    ð ú,

      L. Alf. 5; Th. i. 44, 17.
  • Slyh (sleh,

      MS. A. ), Mk. Skt. 10, 19.
    þeóf ne cymþ búton ðæt hé stele and sleá, Jn. Skt. 10, 10.
  • Hié wǽron ða burg hergende and sleánde,

      Ors. 2, 8 ; Swt. 92, 16.
to move rapidly (v. A. VI. ), rush, dash, break, take a certain direction; cf. to strike into a path, across a country (cf.
Icel. slásk to betake ones self]
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  • Gesca sláet singultat (cf. Icel. impersonal use sló á hann hlátri

    he was seized with a fit of laughter).

      Wrt. Voc. ii. 120, 50.
  • Ðǽr seolesburna sliht on meóne. Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iii. 13, 31.
  • Ðeáh swín beswemde weorþon, ðonne sleáþ hé eft on ða solu. Bt. 37,

      4; Fox 192, 28.
  • Hé on scip ástáh and slóh út on ða sǽ

    put to sea,

      Ap. Th. 6, 6.
  • Se lég slóh tó leofonum,

      Shrn. 73, 36.
  • Ðá slóh ðǽr micel mist

    a great mist came on suddenly.

      Gen. 15, 17.
  • Seó sǽ slóh tógædere

    occurrerunt aquae,

      Ex. 14, 27.
  • Hé ofdrǽd slóh ádún ðǽrrihte terrified he straightway fell down as if struck (cf. Icel. slá sér niðr

    to throw one's self down

    on a bed),
      Homl. Skt. i. 23, 718.
  • Ðá slóh ðǽr micel leóht fit æfter ðam englum (cf.

    Icel. impers. use,

    e. g. loganum sló út),
      Homl. Th. ii. 342, 7; 350, 24.
  • On slógan

    incursere,

      Wrt. Voc. ii. 48, 1.
  • Drenc wið deádum swile ðæt hé út sleá,

      Lchdm. ii. 74, 18: 102, 20.
  • Ðý læs hit in sleá,

      324, 3.
  • Gif hié út sleán

    if they (pocks) break out,

      106, 4.
Etymology
[Goth. slahan: O. Sax. slahan: O. Frs. slá: O. H. Ger. slahan: Icel. slá.]
Similar entries
v. á-, be-, for-, ful-, ge-, of-, ofer-, tó-, wið-sleán; fýst-slægen.
Linked entries
v.  a-sleán.
Full form

Word-wheel

  • sleán, v.