swǽr
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Adjective
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
swǽr
swǽre, and swár; adj. [Halliwell gives sweer unwilling as a Northumbrian word, and swere dull, heavy, as a Durham one. In Jamieson's Dictionary the forms sweir, swere, sweer, swear are given with meanings lazy, indolent; unwilling; unwilling to give.] I. heavy as a burden, of great weight (lit. or fig.), oppressive Swǽr is seó byrðen ðe Godes bydel beran sceall, gif hé nele georne unriht forbeódan, L. I. P. 5; Th. ii. 308, 35: Wulfst. 178, 8. Hé bið deófles tempel, and byrð swíðe swǽre byrðene on his bæce, Homl. Th. i. 212, 4. Ðæt swǽre gioc underlútan, Met. 10, 20. His wǽpna syndon swǽre tó berenne, ac Cristes geoc is wynsum, Basil admn. 2; Norm. 36, 14. Sorh biþ swǽrost byrðen, Salm. Kmbl. 623; Sal. 311. Gif míne synna wǽron áwegene on ánre wǽgan, ðonne wǽron hí swǽrran gesewene ðonne sandcorn on sǽ, Homl. Th. ii. 454, 24. II. heavy, grievous, painful, unpleasant Him yldo ne derede, ne suht swáre, Cd. Th. 30, 24; Gen. 472. Swár leger, Exon. Th. 101, 21; Cri. 1662 : 201, 15; Ph. 56. Gebrec swár and swíðlíc a crash grievous and great , 59, 19; Cri. 955. Ðæt hé swǽre áhweorfe hæftnéd hefige, Ps. Th. 125, 1. Ðú þolades swár gewin, Exon. Th. 86, 22 ; Cri. 1412. Geswencean mid swárum wítum, Homl. Skt. i. 4, 181. Ða swáran (swǽran, other MSS .) wíta onfón, 19, 46. Is swǽrra ðínra synna ród, ðonne seó óþer wæs, ðe ic ǽr ástág, Exon. Th. 91, 10; Cri. 1490. Nis ðys eall geswinc? and gyt mycele swǽrran ealle ða ungelimp ðe on ðysum lífe becumaþ, Hexam. 20; Norm. 28, 26. III. heavy, sad, feeling or expressing grief Ðæt swǽre triste , Wrt. Voc. ii. 88, 49. Mé is swǽre stefn, hefig, gnorniende vox gemitus mei , Ps. Th. 101, 4. IV. of sin or evil, grave, grievous Be hefigtýmum gyllum. Se bróðor se ðe mid swǽrra gylta hæfene bið gedered de grauioribus culpis. Frater qui grauioris culpe noxa tenetur , R. Ben. 49, 13. On scyldum swǽrum in delictis , Ps. Th. 67, 21. Gebundene swárum (var. swǽrum) gyltum, Anglia xi. 113, 38. Ða swǽran gyltas ðe hí ádrugon, Homl. Th. i. 340, 27. Ðú micele swǽrran synna gefremodest, 54, 33. V. of physical or mental inactivity, heavy, slow, dull, sluggish, slothful, indolent Snuér desis , Wrt. Voc. ii. 105, 79. Swǽr deses , 25, 12. Ðú yfle esne and swǽr (swér, Lind.) serve male et piger , Mt. Kmbl. Rush. 25, 26. Sum welig man wæs swangor and swǽr, and him wæs láð þearfendum mannum mete tó syllenne, Wulfst. 257, 12. Nis hé swár ne swongor non est tarda , Exon. Th. 220, 4; Ph. 315. On swárran ðisum líchoman in gravi isto corpore, Hymn. Surt. 13, 15. V a. inactive from weakness, enfeebled, weak :-- Mé is mín gást swǽr geworden defecit spiritus meus, Ps. Th. 142, 7. V b. of sleep, heavy :-- Swá fram slǽpe hwylc swǽrum áríse, Ps. Th. 72, 15. Gehefegod mid ðam swǽran slǽpe, Basil admn. 1; Norm. 34, 3. [Forr hefig & forr sware unngriþþ, Orm. 16280. Goth. swérs grave, honoured: O. Sax. swári grievous (sin, sickness) : O. Frs. swére : O. H. Ger. swár, swári gravis, onerosus: Ger. schwer: Icel. svárr (a poetic word) heavy, grave.] v. ge-swǽre.
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