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  • noun [ masculine ]
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swán, es; m.
a herd, particularly a swineherd; the herds of swine formed a very important item in the live-stock of the Anglo-Saxons. v. swín. For some account of the duties and rights of different kinds of
swánas, see L. R. S. 6, 7; Th. i. 436
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  • Suán subulcus, Wrt. Voc. ii. 121, 59:


      108, 72.
  • Swán, 35, 66: bubullus (-cus?), in a list

    de suibus,

      286, 58: ii. 11. 59.
  • Hiene án swán (


      Flor. Wig.) ofstang, Chr. 755; Erl. 48, 23.
  • Hé (Alfred) on sumes swánes (the swán is called vaccarius in the Latin Vita S. Neoti, but in other forms of the story, e.g. Matthew of Westminster's, he is


    and drives 'porcos ad solita pascua') húse his hléw gernde . . . Hit gelamp ðæt ðæs swánes wíf hǽtte hire ofen . . . and cwæþ tó ðan kinge: 'Wænd ðú ða hláfes ðæt heó ne forbeornen, for ðam ic geseó dæighwamlíce ðæt ðú micelǽte eart.
      Shrn. 16, 13-20.
  • Swána steorra (cf. swán-steorra)


      Wrt. Voc. ii. 43, 39.
  • Oxena hierdas bobulcos, swánas


      80, 18.
  • Cúhyrdas bubulcos, swánas


      Hpt. Gl. 464, 23.
a man, warrior (? cf.
Icel. sveinn)
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  • Ne gefrægn ic nǽfre wurðlícor æt wera hilde sixtig sigebeorna sél gebǽran, ne nǽfre swánas swétne medu (swa noc hwitne, Hickes) sél forgyldan,

      Fins. Th. 78; Fin. 39.
[The form which in later English should be taken by the word is swon, and this is found in Palladius on Husbandry: Thy swon may se thaire (the pigs') nombr and up save The oppressed pigge, 3, 1086. It has not, however, come into modem English; the corresponding Scandinavian form, Icel. sveinn =boy, lad, man, servant, on the other hand, remains in swain. Early instances of its occurrence are; His sweyn (also swain) Leir forþ sende þat was hiredman hende. Laym. 3512. Þreo cnihtes and heore sweines, 18128. Erl ne barun, knict ne sweyn, Havel. 273. Cf. too Dan. svend boy, lad, journeyman: Swed. swen. O.H. Ger. swén, like swán, =subulcus.]
Similar entries
v. ǽhte-, gafol-, in-swán.
Full form


  • swán, n.