sweltan
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Strong
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
§7,
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
sweltan
swyltan, swiltan; p. swealt, pl. swulton; pp. swollen To die a natural or a violent death Swelte ic (morior ) hér on lande, Deut. 4, 22. Wǽgdeóra gehwylc swelteþ, Exon. Th. 61, 22; Cri. 988. Swylteþ, 385, 33; Rä. 4, 54: 419, 13; Rä. 38, 5. Ne swylteþ non obierit, Wrt. Voc. ii. 88, 35. Swylt moritur, Jn. Skt. 21, 23. Hé swelt, Blickl. Homl. 245, 11. Gé sweltaþ, 8, 21. Ealle men sweltaþ, Bt. 18, 4; Fox 68, 13. Hí ne swyltaþ, Blickl. Homl. 47, 1. Hé swealt, Cd. Th. 70, 15; Gen. 1153. Swealt (sweolt, Thw.), Num. 20, 1. Hí swulton, Homl. Th. i. 84, 6: Cd. Th. 207, 10; Exod. 464. Ðæt án man swelte for folce, Jn. Skt. 11, 50. Ðæt hyt wǽre betere, ðæt án man swulte, 18, 14. Ðæt hé iwungen wǽre óþþæt hé swylte, Blickl. Homl. 193, 4. Hwí lǽddest ðú ús ðæt wé swulton on ðisum wéstene, Num. 21; 5. Ic mæg sweltan blíðelíce laetus moriar, Gen. 46, 30: Mt. Kmbl. 26, 35: Ex. 10, 28. Sceal fǽge sweltan, Exon. Th. 335, 2; Gn. Ex. 27. Swyltan, Blickl. Homl. 59, 30. Se man scyle deádlíce swyltan (swiltan, MS. C.), Wulfst. 5, 9. Sweltende obeuntem, Wrt. Voc. ii. 64, 54. Beón swyltende, Blickl. Homl. 75, 33. ¶ to die by or of something, where the cause of death is expressed by a case or by a preposition with a noun :-- Ne swelte ic mid sáre, Ps. Th. 117, 17. Ðú þurh deóra gripe deáþe sweltest, Exon. Th. 250, 11; Jul. 125. Gé sweltaþ deáðe, Cd. Th. 224, 28; Dan. 143. Draca morðre swealt, Beo. Th. 1789; B. 892: 5558; B. 2782. Hé forneáh hungre swealt, Ors. 4, 6; Swt. 170, 30. Hié hungre swultan, Blickl. Homl. 79, 15. Monige for hiora wundum swultan, Nar. 16, 9, Heora mænige máne swultan, Ps. Th. 77, 30. Tó ðam ðe hé deáðe swelte, L. Alf. 13; Th. i. 48, 2. Ðú scealt deáðe sweltan morte morieris, Gen. 2, 17: L. Alf. 14; Th. i. 48, 4. Ic sceal æt ðé sweltan deáðe, Homl. Th. ii. 308, 27. Wundum sweltan, Byrht. Th. 140, 25; By. 293. Hí ondrǽdaþ him ðæt hí sceolan swyltan for ðam húsle, L. Ælf. E.; Th. ii. 392, 3. ¶ to die to anything, become dead to, have no further concern with :-- Ðú scealt sweltan synna and Criste lybban, Homl. Skt. i. 3, 592. [Laym. O. E. Homl. swelten: Orm. swell*-*tenn: Chauc. Piers P. swelte: Goth. swiltan: O. Sax. sweltan: Icel. svelta to die; svelta hungri to starve: Dan. sulte to starve; sulten hungry.] v. á-, for-, ge-sweltan.
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