swencan
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Weak
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
swencan
p. te; pp. swenced, swenct (cf. swinkt = wearied, Comus v. 293) To cause a person to labour, to cause trouble to a person a. where no good is implied, to harass, vex, afflict, distress Ic swencu hió adfligam illos. Ps. Surt. 17, 39. Hwí swencst ðú ðis folc . . . Pharaon swencþ ðín folc cur afflixisti populum istum?. . . Pharao afflixit populum tuum, Ex. 5, 22-23. Ǽlc deáþlíc man swencþ hine selfne mid manig*-*fealdum ymbhogum omnis mortalium cura, quam multiplicium studiorum labor exercet, Bt. 24, 1.; Fox 80, 6. Eów nǽnig wiht ne deraþ ne ne swenceþ, Blickl. Homl. 239, 12. Suenceth defatiget, Wrt. Voc. ii. 106, 3. Defatiget, lassat, swenceþ, flagellat, 138, 16. Ða ðe mé swencaþ qui tribulant me, Ps. Th. 12, 5. Hwí swenctest ðú (afflixisti ) ðínne þeów? Num. 11, 11. Man swencte ðæt earme folc ðe on ðám scipon lágon, Cl. r. 999; Erl. 135, 32. Hine wundra fela swe[n]cte on sunde, Beo. Th. 3024;, B. 1510. Ða werigan gástas ðe mé swenctan and drycton qui me premebant spiritus maligni, Bd. 3, 11; S. 536, 37. On ðínre hátheortnesse ne swenc mé ne in furore tuo corripias me, Ps. Th. 6, 1. Beorge hé ðæt hé áwóh ne befó, ðý læs ðe hine mon swence swá hé óðerne man þohte, L. Eth. ii. 9; Th. i. 290, 8. Þeáh hine se wind woruldearfoþa swíðe swence, Met. 7, 50. Ðý læs ðe mon unmihtigne man tó feor and tó lange for his ágenan swencte lest a man of small means should be made to toil too far and too long for his own, L. Eth. ii. 9; Th. i. 290, 4. Ne sceal nán mon siócne monnan gesárgodne swencan, ac hine mon sceolde lǽdan tó ðam lǽce, Bt. 38, 7; Fox 210, 20. Hé (William I ) lét castelas wyrcean and earme men swíðe swencean, Chr. 1086; Erl. 222, 21. Ðú ðec sylfne ne þearft swíþor swencan you need not trouble yourself any more, Exon. Th. 245, 19; Jul. 47. Wítebendum swencan, Andr. Kmbl. 218; An. 109. Perseus wæs ealne ðone geár Rómáne swíþe swencende, Ors. 4, 11; Swt. 208, 13. Forhwon sindun gé swæncende (molesti ) ðam wífe? Mt. Kmbl. Rush. 26, 10. Fram unclǽnum gáste swenced beón ab immundo spiritu vexari, Bd. 3, 11; S. 536, 11. Mid ða ádle swenced affectus incommodo, 4, 31; S. 610, 21. Swá gewinnfullícum fyrdum swencte beón tam laboriosis expeditionibus fatigari, l, 12; S. 481, 4: 2, 18; S. 520, 36. b. where a good result is intended, to mortify, chasten Ða sylfan, ðe hí mid ðám wítum ðreágeaþ and swenceaþ (adfligunt ), lufiaþ eác, Bd. 1, 27; S. 490, 18. Hí firenlustas forberaþ . . . swencaþ hí sylfe, sáwle frætwaþ, Exon. Th. 150, 13; Gú. 778. Ða láreówas sceolan heora ágenne líchoman swencean on forhæfdnesse, Blickl. Homl. 81, 6. [O. E. Homl. A. R. Laym. swenchen: Orm. swennkenn, swennchenn: O. H. Ger. swenchen verberare]. v. ge-swencan; swincan.
This is a supplementary entry with editorial changes to an entry in the main volume of the dictionary. Look under the 'Possibly connected entries' below, or for the same headword in the list to the left.

A Combined List of Abbreviations.

Abbreviation not recognized. See:

A Combined List of Abbreviations.