teóðung
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Feminine
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
teóðung
teóðing, e; f. I. tithe, a tenth part, a. in passages not relating to the Christian church Hé sealde him ða teóðunge (decimam ) of eallum ðám þingum, Gen. 14, 20. Of eallum þingum, ðe ðu mé sylst, ic bringe ðé teóðunga (decimas ), 28, 22. Ic sylle teóþunga (tegðunge, Rush.: teigðuncgas, Lind. decimas ) ealles ðæs ðe ic hæbbe, Lk. Skt. 18, 12. Abraham geaf ðam kincge Melchisedech ða teóðunga (decimas ) of ðám ðingon ðe hé gewunnen hæfde, Prud. 56. b. with special reference to the English church. 'In A.D. 787 tithe was made imperative by the legatine councils held in England, which being attended and confirmed by the kings and ealdormen had the authority of witenagemots,' Stubbs' Const. Hist. i. 228. See also Kemble's Saxons in England, vol. ii. c. x. Accordingly laws of a later date and ecclesiastical writings contain injunctions for the payment of tithe Ic Æðelstán cyningc ... eów bidde ... ðæt gé of mínum ágenum góde ágifan ða teóðunga, ǽgðer ge on cwicum ceápe ge on ðæs geáres eorðwæstmum; ... and ða biscopas ðæt ilce dón on heora ágenum gode, and míne ealdormen and míne geréfan ðæt silfe. And ic wille ðæt bisceop and ða geréfan hit beódan eallum ðám ðe him híran sculon, ðæt hit tó ðam rihtan ándagan gelǽst sý ... Gif wé ða teóðunga Gode gelǽstan nellaþ, hé ús benimeþ ðara nigon dǽla ðonne wé læst wénaþ, L. Ath. i. prm.; Th. i. 194, 1-196, 7: L. Edm. S. 2; Th. i. 244, 15. Ðæt neádgafol úres Drihtnes, ðæt sýn úre teóðunga and cyricscealtas ... Ǽgðer ge earm ge eádig, ðe ǽnige teolunga habbe, gelǽste Gode his teóðunga mid ealre blisse, L. Edg. S. 1; Th. i. 270, 25-272, 2. Wile cristenra manna gehwilc, ðæt hé his Drihtene his teóðunge, á swá seó sulh ðone teóðan æcer gegá, rihtlíce gelǽste, L. Eth. ix. 7; Th. i. 342, 11. Godes ǽ ús bebýt, ðæt wé sceolon ealle ða ðing ðe ús gesceótaþ of úres geáres teolunge Gode ða teóðunge syllan, Homl. Th. i. 178, 28: Wulfst. 102, 20. Further, the time of payment and the penalties for neglect to pay were fixed Gif hwá teóðunge forhealde, gylde lahslit mid Denum, wíte mid Englum, L. E. G. 6; Th i. 170, 1. Gif hwá teóðinge forhealde, and hé sí cyninges þegn, gilde .x. healfmearc, landágende .v. healfmearc, ceorl .xii. ór, L. N. P. L. 60; Th. ii. 300, 9. Be teóðungum. Sý ǽlcere geóguðe teóðung gelǽst be Pentecosten, and ðara eorðwsestma be emnnihte ... and gif hwá ðonne ða teóðunge gelǽstan nelle, swá wé gecweden habbaþ, fare ðaes cynges geréfa tó and ðæs bisceopes and ðæs mynstres mæssepreóst and niman unþances ðone teóðan dǽl tó ðam mynstre ðe hit tó gebyrige and tǽcan him tó ðam nigoðan dǽle; and tódǽle man ða eahta dǽlas on twá, and fó se landhláford tó healfum, tó healfum se bisceop, L. Edg. i. 3; Th. i. 262, 19-264, 4: L. Eth. v. 11; Th. i. 308, 1: ix. 8; Th. i. 342, 14-23. Some information as to the destination of tithe is contained in the following Man ágife ǽlce teóðunge tó ðam ealdan mynstre ðe seó hýrnes tó hýrþ, L. Edg. i. 1; Th. i. 262, 6. Gif hwá þegena sý ðe on his bóclande cyricean hæbbe ðe legerstów on sý, gesylle hé ðone þriddan dǽl his ágenre teóðunge into his cyricean, i. 2; Th. i. 262, 13: L. C. E. 11; Th. i. 366, 25. Be teóðunge se cyng and his witan habbaþ gecoren and gecweden, ðæt þridda dǽl ðare teóðunge þe tó circan gebyrige gá tó ciricbóte, and óðer dǽl ðám Godes þeówum, þridde Godes þearfum and earman (v. teoðung-sceatt) þeówetlingan, L. Eth. ix. 6; Th. i. 342, 6-9. Gange ǽgðer ge cyricsceat ge teóðunge intó ðam hálgan mynstre, Chart. Erl. 236, 2. In a charter, which speaks of Edward as dead, a tithe of eight pennies from each hide is mentioned as due to Taunton Hér swutulaþ on ðisum gewrite hwylce gerihta langon into Tántúne. Ðæt is ... teóðung of ǽlcere híde eahta penegas, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iv. 233, 8. v. æcer-, corn-teóðung. II. a tithing, an association of ten men (ten such associations formed a hynden, q.v.). The word remains as the name of a local division in many of the southern counties, v. Stubbs' Const. Hist. i. 86, n. 2, but in the earlier time it seems to be personal, v. teóðung-ealdor, -mann Ðæt man funde ǽnne man ðǽr máre folc sig swá of ánre teóðunge ðǽr læsse folc sý that one man should be provided alike where the population was large, as where it was so small that there was only one tithing to draw upon, L. Ath. v. 4; Th. i. 232, 14. Ðæt wé ús gegaderian á emban ǽnne mónað ða hyndenmenn and ða ðe ða teóðunge bewitan, v. 8, 1; Th. i. 236, 3. Ðæt ǽlc mon beó on teóðunge. Wé wyllaþ, ðæt ǽlc freó man beó on hundrede and on teóðunge gebroht, ðe láde wyrðe beón wylle oððe weres wyrðe, L. C. S. 20; Th. i. 386, 18-22. See Stubbs' Const. Hist. i. 85; Kemble's Saxons in England, vol. i. c. 9.
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