þyle
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Masculine
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
þyle
es; m. An orator, spokesman Gelǽred þyle fela spǽca mid feáwum wordum geopenaþ doctus orator plures sermones paucis verbis aperit, Scint. 119, 3. Þylas oratores, Wrt. Voc. ii. 63, 1. As a proper name Þyle is found in Exon. Th. 320, 5; Víd. 24 :-- Þyle weóld Rondingum. ¶ In Beowulf the þyle of the Danish king is mentioned :-- Húnferþ þyle, Beo. Th. 2335; B. 1165. Þyle Hróðgáres, 2917; B. 1456. In two passages it is noted that he sat at his lord's feet Húnferð maþelode ðe æt fótum sæt freán Scyldinga, 1002; B. 499: 2335; B. 1165. He is the only one of the courtiers who is actually stated to have addressed Beowulf, so that the duty of leading the conversation seems to have fallen to him. If a gloss in Wrt. Voc. ii. 25, 31-descurris hofðelum-may be read de scurris of ðelum ( = ðylum) or hofðylum, perhaps his function was something like that of the later court jester, and the style of his attack on Beowulf hardly contradicts the supposition. [Icel. þulr; cf. þylja to say, chant.] v. þyl-cræft.
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