weorpan
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Strong
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
weorpan
(wurpan, wyrpan); p. wearp, pl. wurpon; pp. worpen. I. to cast, throw, fling. 1. with acc. of what is thrown Heó wearp twégen feorðlingas misit duo minuta, Mk. 12, 42. Hé wearp wundenmǽl, ðæt hit on eorðan læg. Beo. Th. 3066; B. 1531. Hí wurpon tán betweox him, Homl. Th. i. 246, 3. Swá swá mid unmǽtnesse micles stormes worpene beón quasi tempestatis inpetu jactari, Bd. 5, 12 ; 8. 627, 40. (1 a) where further the direction or end of throwing is marked, α. by the dative Weorpaþ hit hundum, Ex. 22, 31. Nis ná gód ðæt man nime bearna hláf and hundum weorpe (worpe, v. l. ), Mk. Skt. 7, 37. Ðá hét he hine wurpan deórum, Homl. Skt. ii. 29, 245. β. by prepositions or adverbs Ic wyrpe max míne on eá, and angil ic wyrpe . . . Ic wyrpe ða unclǽnan út. Coll. Monast. Th. 23, 9-17. Hira tú sǽ on loud wearp, Chr. 897; Erl. 96, 9: 1009; Erl. 142, 6. Se deófol wearp ǽnne stán tó ðære bellan, Homl. Th. ii. 156, 9. Hí wurpon heora waru oforbord, i. 246, 2. Hig tódǽldon hys reáf, and wurpon hlot ðǽr ofer, Mt. Kmbl. 27, 35. Hí wurpon hine on ðone bát. Chr. 1046; Erl. 174, 17. Ofen esnas wurpon wudu oninnan, Cd. Th. 231, 10; Dan. 245. Hí wurpon hyra wǽpen ofdúne, Judth. Thw. 25, 33; Jud. 291. 'Wurp (projice ) hig on eorðan.' And hé wearp, Ex. 4, 3. Wurp hym mete tóforan, Lchdm. i. 246, 3. Weorp hit út, Mt. Skt. 9, 47. Worp ðone beám of égo ðín, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 7, 5. Weorp (wurp, v. l. ) ðínne angel út, Mt. Kmbl. 17, 27. Wurpaþ hit út on ðæt wæter, Ex. 1, 22. Ðæt hé wurpe his cynehelm and gecneówige æt ðæs fisceres gemynde, Homl. Th. i. 578, 6. Hwylc eówer sí synleás weorpe (wurpe, v. l. ) stán on hí, Jn. Skt. 8, 7. Be ðære coþe þe se mon his útgang þurh ðone múð him fram weorpe, Lchdm. ii. 236, 13. Swylce mon wurpe (worpe, MS. A. : worpað, Lind.: worpes, Rush., jaceat) gód sǽd on his land, Mk. Skt. 4, 26. Ic hét hit weorpan on fýr. Ex. 32, 24. Hét twelf weras nyman twelf stánas. . . and habban forð mid eów tó eówere wícstówe and wurpan hig ðǽr praecipe eis, ut tollant . . . duodecim lapides, ouos ponetis in loco castrorum, Jos. 4, 3. Worpende ða scillingas in temple projectis argenteis in templo, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 27, 5. Heora líchoman on ða eá worpene wǽron, Bd. 5, 10 ; S. 625, 6. 2. with dat. of what is thrown. Cf. Icel. verpa with dat. Hé teoselum weorpeþ, Exon. Th. 345, 9; Gn. Ex. 185. Beorges weard wearp wælfýre, Beo. Th. 5157; B. 2582: Exon. Th. 478, 11; Ruin. 39. (2 a) where the direction or end of throwing is marked :-- Streámas weorpaþ on stealchleoþa stáne and sonde, Exon. Th. 382, 5; Rä. 3, 6. I a. to throw (as in to throw open) :-- Mycel wynd wearp upp ða ðuru, Homl. Skt. i. 3, 347. II. where a (forcible) change of a person's place or condition is made (lit. or fig.), to cast into prison, cast off, out, throw into a form, drive out Ic ne weorpe (wyrpe, wurpe, v. ll. ) út ðone ðe tó mé cymð, Jn. Skt. 6, 37. Gif ðú worpes úsig si eicis nos, Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 8, 31. Ðú wurpe þeóde ejecisti gentes, Ps. Th. 79, 8. Hé wearp lósép on cweartern, Gen. 39, 20: Cd. Th. 20, 7 ; Gen. 304. Hé wearp hine on ðæt morðer innan, 22, 18; Gen. 342. Hé wearp hine of ðan heán stóle, 19, 33; Gen. 300. Hé wearp hineon wyrmes líc, 31, 26; Gen. 491. Hé út weorpe earme þearfan ejiciantur, Ps. Th. 108, 10. Men sǽdon ðæt hió sceolde mid hire drýcræft weorpan men an wildedeóra líc, Bt. 38, 1; Fox 194, 31. Hié worpene beóð in belle grund, Elen. Kmbl. 2606 ; El. 1304. III. to move a thing from one position to another, in the phrase weorpan tó handa to hand over Weorpe hé ðone ceáp tó handa, L. In. 56; Th. i. 138, 12 : L. Alf. pol. 21 ; Th. i. 74, 19: 24; Th. i. 78, 9. Sceal se ðe hine áh weorpan hine tó handa hláforde and mǽgum, L. In. 74 ; Th. i. 148, 15. IV. in metaphorical senses Drihten ádrífð fram eów ǽlc yfel and wyrpð ongén eówere fýnd auferet Dominus a te omnem languorem, et infirmitates pessimas non inferet tibi, sed cunctis hostibus tuis, Dent. 7, 15, Ðonne hió wyrpð (wirpð, Cott. MSS.) on ðæt geðóht hwæthugu tó bigietenne dum adipiscenda quaeque cogitationi objicit, Past. 11 ; Swt. 71, 22. Ne andswarast ðú nán ðing ágén ðæt ðás ðé on weorpaþ (wurpaþ, v. l.) non respondis quicquam ad ea quae tibi objiciuntur ab his? Mk. Skt. 14, 60. Him man wearp on, ðæt hé wæs ðes cynges swica he was charged with being a traitor to thee king, Chr. 1055 ; Erl. 189, 3. Ðý læs ǽfre cweðan óðre þeódæ: 'Hwǽr com eówer God?' and ús ðæt on eágum worpen þǽr manna wese mǽst ætgædere nequando dicant in gentibus: 'Ubi est Deus eorum?' et innotescant in nationiUNKNOWNyus coram oculis nostris, Ps. Th. 78, 10. V. to reach an object by throwing, to throw and hit, to strike with something, 1. with gen. of what is thrown Hé hine ongon wæteres weorpan he threw water upon him, Beo. Th. 5575 ; B. 2791. 2. with a preposition Gif men cídaþ and hira óðer hys néxtan mid stáne wirpð oððe mid fýste slicð si rixati fuerint viri et percusserit alter proximum suum lapide vel pugno, Ex. 21, 18. Seó clǽnnys wyrpð ða gálnysse mid stáne pudicitia libidinem cum saxo percutit, Gl. Prud. 12 b. Seó sýfernes mid stáne wearp ða gálnesse on ðone múð sobrietas lapidem iacit et percutit os luxuriae, 48 a. [O. E. Homl. werpen : Laym. weorpen, werpen, worpen; 2nd MS. werpe, wearpe : Orm. werrpenn : A. R. weorpen, worpen: Gen. and Ex. werpen : O. and N. werpe, worpe: Goth. wairpan : O. Sax. werpan: O. Frs. werpa: O. H. Ger. werfan: Icel. verpa.] v. á-, be-, for-, ge-, of-, ofer-, on-, tó-, wið-, ymb-weorpan ; worpian.
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