wíg
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Neuter
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
wíg
es; n. I. fight, battle, war, conflict Wíg oððe gefeoht mavors, Wrt. Voc. ii. 55, 37. Ðonne wíg cume, Beo. Th. 46 ; B. 23: 5737; B. 2872. Wíg ealle fornam, 2165; B. 1080: Exon. Th. 291, 11; Wand. 80: Elen. Kmbl. 262 ; El. 131. Wæs ðæs wyrmes wíg wíde gesýne, nearofáges nið neán and feorran, hú se gúðsceaða Geáta leóde hatode and hýnde, Beo. Th. 4621; B. 2316. Ful oft ðǽr wíg ne álæg there was constantly war, Exon. Th. 325, 30; Víd. 119. Wíges on wénum expectant of battle, Cd. Th. 188, 30; Exod. 176. Wíges bídan, Beo. Th. 2541; B. 1268. Se wyrm getrúwode wíges and wealles the dragon trusted to battle (or under II. ?) and bulwark, 4635 ; B. 2323. Him wæs hild boden, wíges wóma, Elen. Kmbl. 37 ; El. 19 : Andr. Kmbl. 2709; An. 1357 : Exon. Th. 277, 5 ; Jul. 576. Sumum wíges spéd hé giefeþ æt gúþe, 42, 16; Cri. 673. Wæs Hróðgáre herespéd gyfen, wíges weorðmynd. Beo. Th. 130; B. 65. Hé hafaþ wígges leán, blǽd bútan blinne. Elen. Kmbl. 1647 ; El. 825. Sum bið wíges heard, beadocræftig beorn, Exon. Th. 295, 27; Crä. 39: (Ulysses) Met. 26, 13 : (Sigemund) Beo. Th. 1776; B. 886: (St. Andrew) Andr. Kmbl. 1677; An. 841. Wíges oflysted, 2454; An. 1228. Wíges hrémige, Chr. 937; Erl. 115, 8. Wíges sæd, Erl. 112, 20. Him wíge forstód fæder frumsceafta, wearð him seó feohte tó grim, Exon. Th. 317, 14; Mód. 65. Heald mé here*-*wǽpnum wið unholdum, and wíge belúc feóndum effunde frameam, et conclude adversus eos, Ps. Ben. 34, 3. Wígge, Beo. Th. 3545 ; B. 1770. Wígge under wætere, 3316 ; B. 1656. Æt wíge cringan, 2679; B. 1337. Æt wíge sigecempa, Ps. C. 9. Æt wígge spéd, sigor æt sæcce, æt gefeohte frið, Elen. Kmbl. 2362; El. 1182. Hé mid wíge ácwealde ðone cyning and ðæt folc percusserunt urbem et omnes habitatores ejus, Jos. 10, 30. Hí mid wíge ácwealdon eall ðæt hí ðǽr fundon percussit in ore gladii universas animas, quae in ea fuerant, 10, 37. Gif hwá mid wíge godcundra gerihta forwyrne. . . Gif hé man gewundige. . . Gif hé man áfylle . . . Gif hé gewyrce ðæt man hine áfylle, L. C. S. 49; Th. i. 404, 6 — 12. Hé gewann mid wíge ðone eard cepit omnem terrain, Jos. 11, 23: Homl. Th. ii. 216, 1. Seó burhwaru heóldan mid fullan wíge ongeán. Chr. 1013; Erl. 148, 12. Hú him speów ǽgðer ge mid wíge ge mid wísdóme, Past. pref.; Swt. 3, 8. Giefe on wíge, Exon. Th. 299, 25; Crä. 107. Hé on wígge (in bello) áfeallen wæs, Chart. Th. 201, 27. Céne tó wíge, Jud. p. 162, 30. Ðæt folc wurdon gewexene tó wíge ful strange, Homl. Th. ii. 212, 18. Man beónn ealle Cant*-*ware tó wígge, Chart. Th. 201, 21. Ǽghwylc óþerne bylde tó wíge, Byrht. Th. 138, 44; By. 235. Tó wígge faran, Chart. Th. 201, 22. Hié giredon hió tó wíge, Ors. 3, 5; Swt. 106, 17. Wígge, Elen. Kmbl. 95; El. 48. Hé sende twelf þúsenda gewǽpnodra manna tó ðam wíge (ad pugnam), Num. 31, 6. Hí beód gewǽpnode on ða wísan ðe man hors gewǽpnaþ, ðonne man tó wíge þencð, Wulfst. 200, 11. Hié heora land oferhergodan, and him ðæs nǽnige bóte dydon, búton ofermódlíce wíg and þreátunge, Blickl. Homl. 201, 24. Abraham sealde wíg tó wedde, nalles wunden gold, Cd. Th. 124, 29; Gen. 2070. Oft ic (a shield)wíg seó, frécne feohtan. Exon. Th. 388, 6; Rä. 6, 3. Wælhwelpes wíg, 397, 21; Rä. 16, 23. Gesécean wíg, Beo. Th. 1374; B. 685. Wíg gefeohtan, 2170; B. 1083. An wíg gearwe, 2499; B. 1247. II. fighting force (abstract or concrete), valour; troops Wæs his módsefa manegum gecýðed, wíg and wísdóm. Beo. Th. 705; B. 350. Nǽfre on óre læg wídcúþes wíg, ðonne walu feóllon, 2088; B. 1082: Exon. Th. 338, 27; Gn. Ex. 85. On Móyses hand wearð wíg gifen, wigena mænieo, Cd. Th. 216, 11; Dan. 5. Hé mid ðam óðrum flocce tó ðære birig férde beótlíce mid wíge ascendit cum senioribus in fronte exercitus, vallatus auxilio pugnatorum, Jos. 8, 10. Ðanon hé gewende mid wíge tó Lebna and oferwann ða burh transivit cum omni Israel in Lebna et pugnabat contra eam, 10, 29. Offór hiene (Philip) óðere Sciþþie mid lytelre firde ... Philippus him dyde heora wíg unweorð (made light of their force ), Ors. 3, 7; Swt. 118, 2. Ne hé him ðæs wyrmes wíg for wiht dyde, eafoð and ellen, Beo. Th. 4685; B. 2348. [He scheldede his scalken al se heo to wiȝe solden, Laym. 4728. Com mid muchle wiȝe (a great force) Irtac, 25365. To werchen wi to fight, Gen. and Ex. 3220. O. Sax. wíg: O. Frs. wích: O. H. Ger. wíc (ch, g) bellum, proelium, pugna, militia: Icel. víg; n. Cf. Goth. waihjó pugna.] v. án-, and- (Exon. Th. 112, 22; Gú. 147), camp-, féðe-, þræc-, weorold-wíg; or-wíge. The word is found in proper names, v. Txts. p. 631.
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