wilnian
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Weak
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
wilnian
p. ode. I. of animate objects, I. to desire, ask for (the source from which marked by ), a. with gen. or uncertain Wilnigaþ monige men anwealdes . . . Se ealra forcúiþesta wilnaþ ðæs ylcan, Bt. 18, I; Fox 60, 27. Hwí wilnige wé ǽnigre óþre sage? quid adhuc egemus testibus? Mt. Kmbl. 26, 65. Ða nétenu, and eác ða óþre ge-sceafta, má wilniaþ ðæs ðe hí wilniaþ for gecynde ðonne for willan, Bt. 34, II; Fox 152, 6. Ealle tó ðé ǽtes wilniaþ omnia a te expectant, ut des illis escam , Ps. Th. 103, 25. Wuhta gehwilc wilnaþ tó eorðan, sume nédþearfe, sume neódfræce, Met. 31, 14. Ealle þider willniaþ oþþe ðæs ðe hí lyst, oþþe ðæs ðe hí beþurfon. Bt. 41, 6 ; Fox 254, 29. Heó hiere feores tó him wilnade (pro vita precans ), Ors. 3, II; Swt. 150, 33. Ðæt wæter ðe hé tó Gode wilnade aquam quam a Deo petierat , Bd. I. 7; S. 478, 28. Hé wilnode him tó Gode sumre frófre he asked of God for some comfort for himself , Ps. Th. 15, arg. Helpan nánum ðara ðe tó him áre wilnodan. Blickl. Homl 223, 3. Ne wilna ðú ðínes néhstan húses ne his wífes non concupisces domum proximi tui nec desiderabis uxorem ejus , Ex. 20, 17. Hwelc fremu is ðe ðæt ðú wilnige ðissa and-weardena gesǽlþa ofer gemet? Bt. 14, I; Fox 42, 8. Þonne hí tó his húso hleówes wilnian, Ps. Th. 108, 10. Tó ðæm heáhengle ðæt hié him fultomes wilnodan. Blickl. Homl. 201, 28. Friðes wilnian, Andr. Kmbl. 2258; An. 1130. Willnian (wilnian, v. l. ) ðæs ðe hé næfþ, Bt. 36, 3 ; Fox 176, 12. Him wilnian lofes to desire praise for himself , Past. 62 ; Swt. 457, 26: Exon. Th. 119, 28; Gú. 261. Tó Rómánum friþes wilnian a Romanis pacem petere , Ors. 4, 6; Swt. 178, 7: Cd. Th. 229, 10; Dan. 215: Exon. Th. 48, 18 ; Cri. 773. Wylnian, Wulfst. 277, 19. b. with accusative Ðú ne wilnast weora ǽniges -deáð (cf. nolo mortem impii, Ezech. 33, II), Ps. C. 54. Ða æþelingas wilniaþ, Exon. Th. 433, 14; Rä. 50, 7. Eall hwæt hí willniaþ hí begitaþ, Bt. 40, 7; Fox 242, 22. Ðæt sáwul mín wilnaþ (concupivit ), ðæt ic ðín word móte healdan, Ps. Th. 118, 20. Ealle hié ðæt wilnodan, ðæt hié his word gehýran móston, Blickl. Homl. 219, 35. Hwæt (hwæs, v. l. ) hé wilnian sceal, Bt. 40, 7; Fox 242, 18. c. with infinitive Ða ðe wilniaþ fretan mín folc, Ps. Th. 13, 9. Willniaþ raple þurh mistlíce paþas cuman tó ánum ende diverso calle, sed d unum finem nititur pervenire . Bt. 24, I ; Fox 80, 8. Hé wilnode hine geseón erat cupiens uidere eum , Lk. Skt. 23, 8. Gif ðú wilnige oncnáwan, Bt. 6; Fox 14, 31. Gif ðú willnige ongitan si vis cernere , 39, 13 ; Fox 232, 24. Wilnige, Met. 29, I. Gebida wilnando petere uolentes . Lk. Skt. p. 6. 12. d. with geniudial infinitive Ðæt hié wielnien (wilnien, Cott. MSS.) tó wietanne ðæt ðæt hié nyton ut appetant scire, quae nesciunt , Past. 30; Swt. 203, 8. e. with genitive and gerundial infinitive Ǽlc mód wilnaþ sóþes gódes tó begitanne est mentibus hominum veri boni inserta cupiditas , Bt. 24, 2 ; Fox 80, 32. Hí wilniaþ welan and weorþscipes tó gewinnanne opes, honores ambiant , Met. 19, 43. f. with a clause Gif ðú wilnast ðæt ðú mæge oncnáwan, Met. 5, 24. Wilnaþ God tó ǽlcum men ðæt hé sié oððe wearm oððe ceald aut calidus quisque esse, aut frigidus quaeritur , Past. 58; Swt. 447, 15. Hé wilnode ðæt his lícræst sceolde beón æt Cridiantúne, Chr. 977 ; Erl. 127, 37. Heó ealle tó mé wilnodon ðæt ic hine lǽte æt mé ðæt land begeotan. Chart. Th. 167, 38. Hié wilnedon tó him ðæt hié mósten on his ríce mid friðe gesittan, Ors. 6, 34; Swt. 290, 20. Nis nán gesceaft ðara ðe ne wilnige ðæt hit þider cuman mage, Bt. 25 ; Fox 88, 30. Wilnie, Met. 13, 69. Ðeáh hí wielnien (wilnien, Cott. MSS.) ðæt hié andrysne sién, Past. 17; Swt. 109, 18. Tó Sancte Michaele ðæt hié wilnodan ðæt God gecýþde ðæt mannum bemiðen wæs, Blickl. Homl. 199, 32. Wilniende ðæt hí ǽlcum gewinne óðflogen hæfdon credentes quod se a congressu totius humanae habitationis abstraherent , Ors. 1, 4; Swt. 32, 21. Wæs hé wilniende tó Gode, ðæt hé ǽghwylcum gemildsode, Wulfst. 278, 12. (g) absolute or uncertain :-- Hé hí ne gewemde, eal swá heó tó Gode wilnode, Homl. Skt. ii. 30, 221. Wilnig from mé ðætte ðú willt pete a me quod uis , Mk. Skt. Lind. 6, 22. Tó wilnanne ad concupiscendam , Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 5, 28. Án ðære sáwle gecynda is ðæt heó biþ wilnigende, Bt. 33, 4; Fox 132, 4. Wilnigendum flagitante, Wrt. Voc. ii. 34, 23. ¶ present participle with force of Latin form in -dus :-- Uilnende ginyhtsumnise desideratum abundantiam , Rtl. 73, 3. 2. 2. to desire to go Ðú wilnast ofer wídne mere, Andr. Kmbl. 565 ; An. 283. Swá heort wilnaþ tó wætre sicut cervus desiderat ad fontes aquarum , Ps. Th. 41, 1. Wuhta gehwilc wilnaþþiderweard, ðǽr his mǽgðe bið mǽst ætgædere, Met. 20, 159. II. of inanimate objects, to tend to an end (gen. ) Swíðe lytlum siceraþ ðæt wæter on ðæt hlece scip, and ðeáh hit wilnaþ ðæs ylcan ðe sió hlúde ýð déð hoc agit sentina latenter excrescens, quod patenter procella saeviens , Past. 57; Swt. 437, 14. Sege mé hwelces endes ǽlc angin wilnige die mihi, quis sit rerum finis, quove totius naturae tendat intentio , Bt. 5; 3 ; Fox 12, 19. Ðú cý. þdest ðæt ðú nestest hwelces endes ǽlc angin wilnode, Fox 12, 35. [Laym, wilnien : A. R. wilnen : Orm. willnenn: Ayenb. wilni: Piers P. wilne: Icel. vilna.] v. ge-, yfel-wilnian.
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