be-gán
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
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be-gán
Dele passage Deut. 21, 20, and add: I. of movement, I. trans, a. to go round a place Lǽssan ymbgang hæfð se mann þe gǽð ábútan án hús þonne sé ðe ealle ðá burh begǽð, Lch. iii. 248, 12. Iosue beeóde ðá burh seofon síðum, Hml. Th. ii. 214, 34. Ðeáh þá unriht-wísan ús úton begán on ǽlce healfe in circuitu impii ambulant, Ps. Th. 11, 9. b. to reach by going, come upon, get at Hæfde se cyng hí fore begán mid ealre fyrde, Chr. 1009; P. 139, 19. c. to go or pass by Hí bieódon (praetergrediebantur) Galileam, Mk. L. R. 9, 30. 2. intrans. a. to go, come, get On beóde offendisset, i. inueniret, An. Ox. 3800. Beeóde heó intó ðám scræfe. Hml. Th. ii. 188, 16. b. to pass by Ðe Hǽlend bieóde (trausiret ), Mt. L. 20, 30. I a. figurative, 1. trans. To come by, get at Hú þæt gewrit begǽn wæs how they got at the manuscript, Guth. 48, 20. 2. intrans. a. to come, fall to one's lot Swá oft swá him tó begǽð. Ll. Th. i. 434, 14. b. to fall, get into debt, &c. ÐÚ eart on borg begán ðínum friénd incidisti in manus proximi tui, Past. 193, 18. II. of position, 1. to surround Deáþes geómerunga mé beeódon (circumdederunt), and helle sárnyssa mé beeódon, Hml. Th. ii. 86, 16. 2. to confine Hé hine sylfne beeóde swá him þearf wæs bútan racenteáge in swá mycclum landsticce ungebunden swá hé ǽr gebunden on wunode in tanto se spatio sine catena coercuit, in quanto et antea ligatus mansit, Gr. D. 214, 15. 3. to occupy Beóde incoluit, i. habitavit, An. Ox. 845. III. of action, to go about a business, 1. to attend to Wé sceolon on ðissum dagum begán úre gebedu, Hml. Th. i. 246, 27. Ðá ðing tó begánne and tó bewitanne ðe tó scipene belimpað, Angl. ix. 260, 3. 2. to cultivate (lit. and fig.) Hié wel begáð hira plantan and hiera impan, Past. 381, 16. Hé his folces ðeáwas beeóde, swilce hé on wín-geardes biggencge swnnce, Hml. Th. ii. 74, 26. Begá exerce (agrum tuum), Kent. Gl. 940. On begánum stówum. Lch. i. 142, 7. 3. to worship Hwylcne god begǽst þú?, Nar. 41, 9. Begǽþ colit, i. venerat, Wrt. Voc. ii. 134, 71. hié beeódan ánne God, Bl. H. 185, 30. hí beeóde dumbe deófolgeld, Nar. 39, 18. (3 a) to honour, venerate a place :-- Hí þá stówe weorþodan and beeódan. Bl. H. 205, 7. Hiora hálignesse þe hí ǽr beeódan. Bd. 2, 13 ; Sch. 167, 17. 4. to exercise, practise an art, mode of life, &c. Hú begǽst þú (hunta) cræft þínne quomodo exerces artem tuam ?, Coll. M. 21, II: 19, II. Beóde exercuit (anachoreseos vitam), An. Ox. 3639. Se man þe begá wicce-cræft, Lev. 20, 27. 5. to practise a religion, follow the dictates of Hé deófolgield georne beeóde nixus praecipuo cultu idolorum, Ors. 6, 31; S. 294, 15: Hml. S. 28, 6. Seó ǽfsestnes þe wébeeódon(beódan, v.l.) religio quam tenuimus, Bd. 2, 13; Sch. 164, 18. Hió swíþe gemetlíce þá gecynd beeódan (followed the dictates of nature), Bt. 15; F. 48, 8. Godes word mid weorcum begán. Hml. Th. ii. 554, 16. Crístendóm tó begánne. Ors. 6, 31; S. 286, 8. 6. to practise, carry on, do (habitually) Þá unþeáwas þe seó þeód beeóde, Chr. 1067; P. 201, 30: Bl. H. 113, 2. Þá hálgan weras þe góde weorc beeódon, Ælfc. T. Grn. l, 9. Hí Godes ðeówdðm beeódan, Chr. 995; P. 129, 34. Hym álýfed ne byð hé on ceápstówe ǽnige cýpinge begá (merca-turam ullam exercere), Ll. Th. ii. 174, 19. Godes lof begán, Bl. H. 43, 5. Þá gódan weorc þe wé for úre sáule hǽle begán sceoldan, 109, 5. weorc begán þe wé ongunnen habbað, Angl. viii. 303, 19. (6 a) to devote one's self to a practice :-- He begǽð unǽtas and oferdrincas and gálscipe commessationibus vacat et luxuriae atque conviviis, Deut. 21, 20. 7. to exercise a person; reflex. to behave Se man þe hine swá begǽþ swá hit hér on segð, Lch. ii. 288, 25. Hira nán ðe hine unwærlíce begá, Past. 23, 14. (7 a) to exercise in something :-- Hé hine sylfne on gódum weorcum beeóde, Bd. 3, 27; Sch. 320, 6. Hé hine beeóde on gódre lífláde, Hml. S. 33, 328. Begá (exerce) þé sylfne on þisum. Coll. M. 31, 37. 8. to exercise, use, employ Ðá ðe ðone anwald begáð, Past. 121, 4. Sé þe þone lǽcedóm begá, Lch. ii. 296, 3. 9. to profess, pretend [cf. (?) O. Sax. quiðit that hé Kríst sí, begihit ina so grótes] Manna geþóhtas nǽnig mon ne wát, Petrus begǽþ hé hit wite men's thoughts no man knows. Peter professes to have this knowledge, Bl. H. 181, 12. [O. H. Ger. pi-gán.] v. mis-, un-begán; be-gangan, and bi-gán in Dict.
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