drífan
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
This might be just a supplemental entry adding to an entry in the Main Volume.
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drífan
AddOnstyredan, drifan agitabant, Wrt. Voc. ii. 3, 39. I. to force living beings to move. 1. to force men or animals to move before or from one Hié mon beforan hiera triumphan drifon, Ors. 5, 1; S. 214, 17. Dríf þá sceáp in heora lǽse, Gr. D. 20, 12. Se æþeling bebeád þæt hié heora witan him beforan drifen swá swá niédlingas, Ors. 3, 8; S. 122, 7. 2. to cause to flee before one's pursuit, to chase, hunt, pursue Hé nolde ðane sleán ðe hine dráf . . . Ðá ðá hé ongeán ðone cirde ðe hine dráf persequentem non vult ferire . . . Cum contra persequentem substitit, Past. 297, 3, 10. Drifan heora hundas swýðe ǽnne haran geond þone brádan feld, Hml. S. 31, 1057. (2 a) to follow a track :-- Gif mon trode bedrífð forstolenes yrfes . . . mid mearce gecýþe man riht drífe . . . Gif mon secge man trod áwóh drífe, Ll. Th. i. 352, 6, 10. Drífan þá menn spor oð hit man þám geréfan gecýðe . . . ádrífe hé spor út of his scíre, 236, 21. II. to impel matter by physical force. 1. to cause something to move by application of force Se wind drífeð ðæt wolcn, Past. 285, 21. Drífende agens (liburnam remorum tractibus trudit, Ald. 3, 2), Wrt. Voc. ii. 1, 3. 2. to force by a blow, thrust, &c. Genim geoluwne stán and saltstán and pipor . . . and dríf þurh cláð, Lch. i. 374, 15. Álege þone man úpweard, dríf ii. stacan æt þám eaxlum, ii. 342, 5. Gif hwá drífe stacan on ǽnigne man si quis acus in homine aliquo defixerit, Ll. Th. ii. 208, 26. III. to carry on vigorously, transact, prosecute, conduct, practise, exercise, do Mé is láð tó tǽlenne Godes freónd gyf hé Godes riht drífð, Hml. A. 13, 9. Sé þe wóh drífð and geswícan nele, Wlfst. 283, 13. Wá ðæs mannes sáwle þe þá ungemetlican hleahtras drífð innan cyrcan, 233, 26. Ðá wíglunga þe gedwǽsmenn drífað, Hml. S. 17, 101. Gif man hwæt becýpan scyle . . . warnien þá þe þone ceáp drífað (ipsi per quorum manus transigenda sunt ), R. Ben. 95, 11. Hí náne sprǽce ne drifon bútan ǽfre embe Crístes naman they carried on no conversation except ever about Christ's name, Hml. S. 23, 530. Man ne mót sprǽce drífan binnan Godes cyrican, 13, 69. Þám dǽdbétan nis álýfed nǽnige cýpinge tó drífenne (mercaturam aliquam exercere), Ll. Th. ii. 170, 12. III a. to speak often of a matter, bring up, agitate; cf. colloquial to trot out a subject :-- Eówer brocu þe gé ealneg drífað your troubles that you are always bringing up, Ors. 3, 7; S. 120, 14. IV. to go through what is painful, suffer, undergo Fefer drífende febricitans, Mk. R. 1, 30. (Cf. drif.) [v. N. E. D. drive, V.] V. intrans. To proceed with violence, act impetuously Þá þe hlystan nellað . . . ac willað forð on wóh and gewill drífan and geswícan nyllað those that will not listen . . . but will rush on wrongly and wilfully and will not stop, Wlfst. 304, 13. v. un-urifen.
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