for-gifan
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for-gifan
Add:I. to give, bestow, grant, dispense Gewelegade, forgæf donat, Wrt. Voc. ii. 141, 72. Forgeaf contulit, hié forgeáfancontulerunt, 24, 26, 7. Hwá mæg þám gýtsere genóh forgifan? Swá him mon máre selþ, swá hine má lyst, Bt. 7, 4; F. 22, 34. Forgyfende dispensans, i. disponens, An. Ox. 1776. 1. to give in answer to request Bióð gearwe tó lǽranne and tó forgiefanne ǽlcum ðára ðe iów bidde, Past. 173, 8. 2. to give as reward, retribution, &c. Wulderbeáh þæne forgyfþ corona quam reddet (i. restituet ), An. Ox. 1354. Wé sceolan dón sóðe bóte, þonne forgifeþ ús Drihten úre synna forgifnesse, Bl. H. 99, 1. Se þe eft gyldeð þá þú him ǽr forgeáfe, and ús eallum gesealdest qui retribuet te retributionem tuam, quam tu retribuisti nobis, Ps. Th. 136, 8. Sié on cyninges dóme, swá deáð swá líf, swá hé him forgifan wille, Ll. Th. i. 66, 10. 3. to give, allow as a matter of right Eallum frióum monnum þás dagas sién forgifene, Ll. Th. i. 92, 2. 4. to give up, hand over, deliver up, commit, α. to a living creature Forgeaf hé hym Barrabban, Mt. 27, 26. Þám þe is recedóm forgyfen ł befæst cui regimen commissum est, An. Ox. 274. Forgyfene oblatam, i. deditam (praedam ), 3572. Ðeówum monnum sién forgifen ǽghwæt þæs þe him ǽnig mon geselle, Ll. Th. i. 92, 9. β. to a place, practice, &c. Ðá ðe hié selfe forgiefað gífernesse gulae dediti, Past. 308, 14. Monge lifgað gyltum forgiefene, Gú. 432. Hé wát æðelinga beam eorðan forgiefene (committed to the earth ), Seef. 93. 5. to give back what has been forfeited, restore Se cyng forgeaf þám eorle (Godwin who had just cleared himself ) his fulne freóndscype and fulne eorldóm and eall þet hé ǽr áhte, Chr. 1052; P. 183, 10. hé wǽre his feores scyldig, buton se cyng him his feorh forgifan wolde, Ll. Th. i. 230, 7. 6. to give a woman in marriage, to marry a woman to some one Æþelstán his sweostor him forgeaf, Chr. 925; P. 105, 20: B. 2997. Þám tó hám forgeaf hé ángan dohtor, 374. Se fæder þóhte hwám hé his dohter mihte heálícost forgifan, Ap. Th. 1, 13. nán man má wífa næbbe búton .i., and seó beó mid rihte beweddod and forgifen, Ll. Th. ii. 300, 14. Æt his médder þe wǽre tó ǽwum wífe forgifen his fæder, i. 90, 29. Forgifen Eádwine tó cwéne, Lch. iii. 422, 9. Forgyfen twám werum twice married, 430, 13. Hió wæs forgifen Aldferþe, and hié be him lifgendum hié gedǽldun, Chr. 718; P. 42, 19. Forgifene nuptae, Wrt. Voc. ii. 135, 47. 7. Of the dispensation of Providence, to give powers of body or mind, conditions of being, &c. Þá gesceapu þe him ǽr forgeaf God, Gen. 844. Him wundra fela Alwalda in ǽht forgeaf, Ex. 11. Him líffreá woroldáre forgeaf, B. 17: Gen. 2109. Sige forgeaf Constantine cyning ælmihtig, El. 144. Forgif mé leóht on þissum lífe, An. 76. Forgif mé ondgiet, Hy. 4, 21. Se sceoppend eallra gesceafta hæfþ forgifen án gecynd eallum his gesceaftum, Bt. 34, 12; F. 152, 17: 41, 5; F. 254, 3, 14. Forgiefen, Gú. 1106: Cri. 1400. Forgyfen, 1388. Sib is forgifen Godes gelaðunge, Hml. S. 9, 130. Ic eom forgifen fram Gode þyssere byrig, 136. Manegum men bióþ forgifene þás woruldgesǽlþa, Bt. 39, 12; F. 230, 24. (7 a) the object a clause Forgeaf him moncynnes fruma þæt hé weorðan sceolde . . ., Ph. 377. Hafað þám treówe forgiefen Meotud þæt hé is ealra beáma beorhtast geblówen, 175. Eów weorþeþ forgifen hwæt gé sprecaþ, Bl. H. 171, 29. II. to grant. 1. to grant leave to do, permit, allow. a. without object expressed Forgeaf permitteret, i. licentiam daret, An. Ox. 2573. Gode forgyfendum fór Æþelflæd, Chr. 913; P. 96, 33. b. with clause Forgifeþ hé ús wé mótan his onsýne sceáwian, Bl. H. 103, 28. Forgif ús þæt wé þíne onsýne geméten, Jul. 729. hé him álýfde and forgeáfe hé móste hí gelǽran ut eos liceret inbui, Bd. 4, 16; Sch. 427, 17. c. with pronoun Forgeaf se cyning him and lýfde concessit rex, Bd. 4, 16; Sch. 427, 20. d. with pron. and clause Him þæt Críst forgeaf þæt hý mótan his ætwiste brúcan, Cri. 391. e. with infin. Hé forgeaf (permisit ) iúh forléta wífa iúra, Mt. L. 19, 8. Forgef ł léf meh fara permitte me ire, 8, 21. 2. to grant leave to have Ne wæs se fyrst micel þe hí Gúðláce forgiefan þóhtan, Gú. 298. 3. to grant a request, cause to be done. a. with clause Forgif úrum módum hí móton tó þé cuman, Bt. 33, 4; F. 132, 27. Forgif mé þæt ic weorðe blíðe vivifica me, Ps. Th. 118, 107. b. with infin. From sceððendum woerdnissum giblinna forgef a noxiis vitiis cessare concede, Rtl. 16, 27. c. with a coordinate clause from which an object may be inferred Forgif mé, beága weard, hát síðian Agar, Gen. 2782. III. of action that produces an effect upon an object, to give, cause Þú eallum oferhýdigum eáþmódnesse forgifest, Bl. H. 141, 12. Hé inc bám forgeaf balewe geþóhtas, Sat. 488. Hé him þá wunde forgeaf, By. 139. III a. to give battle, deliver an attack :-- Hé mægenrǽs forgeaf, B. 1519. IV. to forgive. 1. to remit a fine, obligation, &c., not to insist upon what is due Éghuelc scyld forgeaf ic ðé omne debitum dimisi tibi, Mt. L. 18, 32. Þæt him nǽre nán þing þæs tigolgeweorces forgifen non minuetur quidquam de lateribus, Ex. 5, 19. Sié him sió swingelle forgifen, Ll. Th. i. 104, 16. Ic nelle ǽnig fyhtewíte forgifen sý, 248, 20. Ne beó ǽfre ǽnig foráð forgifen, 388, 18. Beón þá heregeata forgyfene, 420, 16. 2. to give up claim to reparation for wrong doing, sin, offence. a. the object a noun Se Hálga Gást manna synna forgifð, Ælfc. T. Grn. 2, 16. Ðú forgeáfe ðá árleásnesse mínre heortan, Past. 419, 8. Hié forgeáfon þǽm cásere þá fǽhþe þe his mǽg hæfde wið hié ǽr geworht, ond hé forgeaf him unryht and fácn hí him dón þóhton Claudius omnium factorum dictorumve veniam sanxit, Ors. 6, 4; S. 258, 27-29. Sié hit (gylt) healf forgifen, Ll. Th. i. 64, 22. Anweald synna tó forgifanne (-gef-, L.) potestas dimittendi peccata, Mt. 9, 6. Monig is tó forgeafanne (ad ignoscendum ), Rtl. 10, 34. b. the object a clause Hé forgifeþ eall swá hwæt swá þes middangeard wiþ hine ǽbyligða geworhte, Bl. H. 9, 11. Forgif mé ic tó þe sprecende wæs swá tó men, 235, 31. c. absolute Gyf mín bróðor syngað wið mé, mót ic him forgyfan (ic forgefo dimittam, L.), Mt. 18, 21. Eáðor tó forgeafanne remissius, Lk. L. 10, 12. IV a. to give up resentment for injury received, dismiss ill-will, anger, remove one's displeasure from a person :-- Hé him forgeaf þone níð þe hé tó him wiste, Ors. 5, 15; S. 250, 15. Gif hwylce þǽr beóð þára þe hwæt ǽbylhða wið óðre habbað, þonne sceolan hig þá forgyfan, Ll. Th. ii. 434, 8. [Goth. fra-giban: O. Sax. far-geƀan (for-): O. H. Ger. fer-geban.] v. for-gifen.
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