for-gildan
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Strong
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
for-gildan
I. to pay back, restore what has been taken Gif man forstele feoðerfót neát . . . fæste án gear and forgylde hé forstolen hæbbe (quod furatus fuerit reddat ), oððe .II. geár fæste, Ll. Th. ii. 140, 34. II. with idea of compensation. 1. absolute, to make compensation to a person (dat.), pay damages at law Gif mon wíf gebycgge and sió gyft forð ne cume, ágife feoh, and forgielde, and gebéte þám byrgean, Ll. Th. i. 122, 6. Gif hwá Godes flýman hæbbe on unriht, ágife hine tó rihte, and forgylde þám þe hit gebyrige, and gylde þám cyninge be his weregilde, 410, 16. Gif hwá wrace dó . . . hé him on nime, ágife, and forgielde, and gebéte mid .xxx. sciłł., 108, 5. Gif hwá reáflác gewyrce, ágife, and forgylde (cf. ágife hé þone reáflác, and geselle .LX. sciłł. tó wíte, 108, 9: and see first passage under (1 a)), and beó his weres scyldig wið þone cynincg, 410, 2. Man wolde biddan þæs reáfláces hé hit sciolde ágyfan, and forgyldan, and þám cyninge his wer, Cht. Th. 289, 28. Gif ic gesealde ǽnigre wífhanda hé gestrýnde, þonne forgyldan míne mágas . . . For ðon ic cweþe hí hit gyldan, for þon hý fóð tó mínum þe ic syllan mót, 491, 23. (1 a) where the rate or manner of payment is given :-- Bæd Ælfsige ǽgiftes his mannes (a woman who had been stolen ), and Æðelstán hine ágef, and forgeald him mid twám pundum, Cht. Th. 206, 31. Meduman leódgelde forgelde, Ll. Th. i. 4, 9. Mid weorðe forgelde, 12, 2. 2. with acc. of object for which compensation is made. a. the object a person slain or injured Gif hé ǽnig lande næbbe, forgilde hine man mid .LXX. sciłł. (cf. sí his wer .LXXX. sciłł., 2), Ll. Th. i. 188, 3: 6: ii. 294, 7. Gif man æt unlagum man bewǽpnige, forgilde hine be hishealsfange; and gif hine man gebinde, forgilde be healfan were, i. 408, 18-20. Gif hwá fǽmnan beswíce unbeweddode, and hire mid slǽpe, forgielde hié, 52, 6. Hé þone ǽnne héht golde forgyldan, þone þe Grendel ácwealde, B. 1054. b. the object a thing lost or destroyed or damaged Gif . . . sié funden hé ǽr stæl, be twyfealdum forgielde hé hit (cf. gilde be twifealdon duplum restituet, Ex. 22, 4), Ll. Th. i. 50, 23. Gif mon áfelle on wuda wel monega treówa . . ., forgielde .III. treówu ǽlc .XXX. sciłł., 128, 20. Gif fyrdscip man ámyrre hit ǽnote weorðe, forgilde hit fullíce, 324, 7. Ðeáh úre heorda hwylc án sceáp forgýme, wé willað hé hit forgylde, ii. 326, 25. c. the object an undischarged obligation Ciricsceat gelǽste man be Martinus mæssan, and se þe ne gelǽste, forgilde hine mid twelffealdan, Ll. Th. i. 342, 28. Forgylde hine .XI. síðan, 366, 20. d. the object a misdeed Sceolan wé mid úre ánre sáule forgyldan and gebétan ealle þá þing þe wé ǽr ofor his bebod gedydon, Bl. H. 91, 16. 3. with acc. of compensation paid Gif man mannan ofslæhð . . . ealne leód forgelde . . . þá mágas healfne leód forgelden, Ll. Th. i. 8, 6, 8. Ealle forgielden þone wer gemǽnum hondum, 80, 16. III. with idea of release, redemption. 1. to pay for a criminal to save him from punishment Gif hine (the criminal ) mon eft gefó, forgielde hé hine selfa be his wergilde, Ll. Th. i. 66, 11. Sý hé his tungan scyldig, búton hé hine mid his were forgilde, 384, 27. Sié se hláford ofslegen oþþe forgolden, i. 50, 1. 2. to pay to get immunity from, buy off Eów betere is þæt gé þisne gárrǽs mid gafole forgyldon, By. 32. IV. with idea of recompense, retribution, to repay, pay out, requite a person (dat. ). 1. absolute Hé forgylt ánra gehwylcum æfter his ágenum gewyrhtum reddet Deus unicuique secundum opera sua, Wlfst. 184, 9. Wæs him forgolden æfter his ágenum gewyrhtum, Bl. H. 45, 2. 2. with acc. of action that is recompensed Ic heora synne swinglum forgylde visitabo in verberibus peccata eorum, Ps. Th. 88, 29. Forþon þú ús þus dydest, wé hit þé forgyldaþ, Bl. H. 241, 18. Hý him grimme forguldon þone wígcræft þe hý æt him geleornodon vincere, dum vincitur, edocuit, Ors. 1, 2; S. 30, 7. Mid hwám hié hit ðé forgielden (retribuant ), Past. 323, 24. Hé wolde Grendle forgyldan gúðrǽsa fela, B. 1577. Hé wile hit him mid yfele eall forgyldan, Bl. H. 55, 25. Hit weorþeþ forgolden, 195, 23. (2 a) the object a clause :-- Hé ús forgyldeþ swá wé nú hér dóþ ge gódes ge yfeles he will requite us for both the good and the evil that we do here, Bl. H. 51, 26. ¶ with acc. of object which has been the subject of action to be requited :-- Beorges hyrde wolde líge forgyldan dryncfæt dýre the fire-drake wanted to repay (the robbery of) the precious cup with flame, B. 2305. V. to pay what is due, perform a vow Ðú forgeldes Drihtne giháta ðíne, Mt. L. 5, 33. Þæt ic ðé forgulde ealle þá gehát, Ps. Th. 65, 13. [v. N. E. D. foryield: Goth. fra-gildan: O. Sax. O. L. Ger. far-geldan: O. Frs. for-ielda: O. H. Ger. fer-geltan.] v. un-forgolden.
This is a supplementary entry with editorial changes to an entry in the main volume of the dictionary. Look under the 'Possibly connected entries' below, or for the same headword in the list to the left.

A Combined List of Abbreviations.

Abbreviation not recognized. See:

A Combined List of Abbreviations.