ge-wis
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ge-wis
Add I. of persons or personal attributes. 1. certain, not having doubt Se mǽsta dǽl monna ne sécþ on him forgifen is, is gesceádwísness (ratio), ne ne sécþ him ofer is, is englas habbaþ and wíse men, is gewis andget (intelligentia ). . . . Gif wé hæfdon ǽnigne dǽl untweógendes andgites swá swá englas habbaþ, Bt. 41, 5; F. 254, 5. Wé hine wurðiaþ mid gewissum geleáfan, Wlfst. 105, 29. Englas habbaþ gewis andgit, Bt. 41, 5; F. 252, 30, 20. Þæt gé beón gewisse ðonne úre týddernys his worda getácnunga eów geopenað, Hml. Th. ii. 88, 17. (1 a) certain of (gen.) :-- Him for án þúhte hé þæs gewiss wǽre, hé ǽlcne man gecneówe the only thing he seemed certain of was, that he knew everybody, Hml. S. 23, 631. (1 b) certain, about (be) :-- 'Ic wolde witan swá be Gode . . . þæt mé nán þing meahte on nánum tweónunga gebringan.' 'Gelýfst þú þæs þæt ic þé mæge dón gewisran be Gode þonne þú nú eart be ðám mónan?,' Solil. H. 18, 6. 2. having knowledge Gewis docta, An. Ox. 46, 7. (2 a) having knowledge of (gen.), cognizant of, acquainted with :-- Ic eom gewis þínra mægena, Lch. i. 326, 4. Wé syndon gewisse þínes lífes and þínes geleáfan trumnesse wé witon nos experti sumus te, et fidei tuae valitudinem comperimus, Guth. Gr. 123, 9. Ofáxa ðæs ðe þú mæge . . . and dó ús gewisse þæs þe þú ofáxie, Hml. S. 23, 466. 3. sure, trusty, that may be relied on Hé heom gesette gewisne fæder (him ealdor gesette, v. l.) fratribus patrem constituit, Gr. D., 147, 24. Stiéran mon sceal strongum móde and þæt on staðelum healdan and gewis werum (to be relied on by men? ), Seef. 110. II. of things. 1. certain, that does not admit of doubt, manifest, clear Evidens, i. manifestus, patens, perspicuus, certum sweotol, gewis, Wrt. Voc. ii. 144, 35. Þonne gewis is cum constet, i. certum est, An. Ox. 555. Hwet man gewiss wiste, Solil. H. 20, 10: 27, 2: 30, 2. Sume ðing sind gecwedene be Críste þurh getácnunge, sume ðurh gewissum ðinge. Sóð þing is and gewiss þæt Críst wæs of mǽdene ácenned, Hml. Th. ii. 268, 12-14. Gewissum clypunga ágnungum certis uocabulorum proprietatibus, An. Ox. 877. Nis nánwuht wynsumre ne gewisre ðonne þing þis spell ymbe is, Bt. 34, 5; F. 140, 12. 2. sure, unfailing Gewiss rata (recompensatio ), An. Ox. 4, 93. On wege þǽr is gewis mægen in via virtutis suae, Ps. Th. 101, 21. God ne behét nánum elciendum gewis líf oþ mergen, Hml. S. 12, 166. Gewiss, Hml. Th. ii. 602, 29. Þé sind gehealdene ðíne méda gewisse (or adv.? ), ii. 516, 24. Swefne sint gewisse, Lch. iii. 186, 19, 27. Gif hí nyston heom tóweard gewisse lif þára sáwla (certiorem animarum vitam ), Gr. D. 271, 4. 3. free from error, unerring Gewisse dægmǽl ús swá tǽcað, Lch. iii. 252, 22. 4. of a course, undeviating, direct Hé mid micclan gefeán tó scipe gewænde and mid gewisse seglunge binnon ánum dæge cóm tó Antiochian, Ap. Th. 6, 27. In þǽre stówe fram þám nyþeran dǽle in tó þám uferan wæs samodgang þurh gewisne úpstige (trum stǽger mid gewissum stapum v. l.) quo in loco inferiora superioribus pervius continuabat ascensus, Gr. D. 170, 24. 5. ? Momentum ys gewyss (under III.?) stów þǽre sunnan on heofenum. Þonne hé byð feówertig síðon gegaderod, þonne gefylleð hé áne tíd; and hé ys gecweden for þǽra tungla hwætnysse momentum, þæt ys styrung a motu siderum, Angl. viii. 318, 4. III. a. certain (thing), some; quidam Pilatus cwæþ: 'Myd gewyssum gesceáde (v. ge-sceád; VIII.) yrn and clypa hyder tó mé þone be ys Ihs genemned,' Nic. 2, 6. On gewissum tídum (cf. hwíltídum, R. Ben. 73, 5, 6) certis temporibus, R. Ben. I. 81, 8, 9. Of gewissum intingan(cf. for heora leahtrum oðþe for háliges lífes geearnunge, R. Ben. 115, 9-10) certis ex causis, 105, 9. IV. used substantively in the phrase tó gewissum certainly Tó gewissan presertim, i. scilicet, An. Ox. 1882. IV a. of knowledge (to know) for certain, with certainty, without any doubt :-- Wite gehwá tó gewissan, þæt . . ., Hml. Th. i. 96, 3: Hml. S. 13, 136. Ic nát tó gewissan hwǽr hé wunað nú, 21, 31. v. un-gewis, and next word.
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