gift
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun, Verb
Gender: Masculine, Neuter
Verb Class: Participle
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gift
Add: es; n. (m. ? Cf. ǽrist for gender). I. a giving, restoring Hwæþer magon rihtwísra manna sáwla beón onfangene in heofonas ǽr þǽre gyfte and geedníwunge þára líchamana on dómes dæge (ante restitutionem corporum ), Gr. D. 295, ii. v. æ-, ed-, freót, hláford-, rǽd-gift. II. a gift -Ðæt is cyninges andweorc . . . gifta (gifa, v. l. For the need, in the case of a king, of having gifts to give, see B. 1719-23) and wǽpnu . . . and gehwæt þæs þe þá þrié geférscipas behófiaþ, Bt. 17 ; F. 60, 4. v. feoh-, hand-gift. III. the giving of a woman in marriage, marriage, v. gífan ; V. [The word is generally in the plural. Cf. nuptiae.] 1. entrance into wedlock, ihe ceremony or procedure by which two persons are made man and wife, nuptials Drihten wolde geswutelian þæt ðá giftu beóð herigendlice ðe for bearnteáme beóð gefremode swíðor þonne for gálnysse. Hml. Th. ii. 54. 10. á wurdon gegearcode þá gyftu æfter gewunan, and hí cóman on ánum bedde tósomne. Hml. S. 4, 27. Gifta, 7, 312. Æfter gástlicum andgite Drihten cóm tó giftum on ðissum middanearde, for ðan ðe hé dá hálgan gelaðunge him tó brýde geceás . . . Críst is se brýdguma, Hml. Th. ii. 54, 11-16. (I a) the marriage ceremony with attendant festivi-ties :-- Sum cyning worhte his suna gyfte, Hml. Th. i. 520, 6. Drihten hine sylfne gemedemode hé tó woruldlicum giftum gelaðod cóm, Hml. Th. ii. 54, 8. He sceal foresceáwian þám mǽdene gyfta, reáf and hire mægðhádes wurð. Gif hé þás þreó þing ne déð providebit puellae nuptias et vestimenta et pretium pudicitiae non negabit. Si tria ista non fecerit , Ex. 21, II. Hé dó hiere gyfta, Ll. Th. i. 46, 17. 2. a particular matrimonial alliance Be ðon ðe mon wíf bycgge and ðonne sió gift tóstande. Ll. Th. i. 122, 4. Þá þá heó befleáh þám gesettan gyfte (gyfe, v. l.) tó Godes cyrican (dum constitutis jam nuptiis in ecclesiam fugisset ) . . . gefreoðod fram þám gyftum heó wæs gelǽded tó ðám munucháde. Gr. D. 199, 14-19. 3. the married state, matrimony, wedlock Gyftu (this should be gen. sing., but perhaps is pl.; the form in Hpt. Gl. 520, 57 is gifta) bende wǽre gecnyt conubii i. nuptie nexu nodaretur , An. Ox. 5003. Gyfte (hǽmedscipes. Hpt. Gl. 482, 7) gewrixle hymenei commercio , 7, 235. Swá hwylc sé ðe hafað manual, oððe wíf gifte (geþeódne ? cf. Wer and wíf on hǽmede geþeódde vir et mulier in matrimonio conjuncti. 27. Or is gifte pp. of giftan?) unálífedlice swá þeáh quicunque virum aut mulierem habuerit illicite matrimonio con-junctum , Ll. Th. ii. 150, 24. Hit is scandlic ðæt forwerode men giftawilnian, ðonne gifta ne sind gesette for nánum ðinge búton for bearn-teáme. Hml. Th. ii. 94, 12. Heáp mægdhádes manna on clǽnnysse þurh-wunigende forlǽtenum giftum, i. 546, 23. Tó gyftum ad (thalami) tedas . An. Ox. 2, 199. Gyftu, 3377. Gyfta, hǽmeda hymeneos , 1781 : Wrt. Voc. ii. 43, 13. v. brýd-gifta, wíf-gifta.
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