heáfod
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heáfod
Add: A head Heáfod caput, heáfud cephal, Wrt. Voc. ii. 16, 40, 41. I. the head of a living creature. 1. of a human being Bróht wæs heáfud (-od, L. ) his on disce, Mt. R. 14, 11. Þeáh him mon sleá mid sweorde wiþ þæs heáfdes though one strike at his head with a sword, Bl. H. 47, 14. Wið ðæs heáfodes sáre, Lch. i. 286, 22. Him ne hangað nacod sweord ofer þám heáfde (pendentis supra verticem gladii terror), Bt. 29, 1; F. 102, 27. Hé slóg mid his heáfde on þone wág caput pariete collidens, Ors. 5, 15; S. 250, 12. sigbég gesetton hǽfde (on heófod, R. ) his coronam inposuerunt capiti eius, Jn. L. 19, 2. Hé Ióhannes bibeád heáfde biheáwan, Jul. 295 : Met. 1. 43. Heáfde beneótan, Ap. 46: Jul. 604. Ic heáfde forceart Grendeles módor, B. 2138. On ðæt heáfud (-od, v. l. ), Past. 261, 14. Tó sácerdan heáfod áhyldan, Ll. Th. i. 334, 33. Þweh mín heáfod (heáfut, L., heófod, R. ), Jn. 13, 9. Hnigon mid heáfdum him tógeánes, Gen. 237 : 742. Heora heáfda of áceorfan, Ors. 2, 3 ; S. 68, 12. Hí wecgað heora heáfdu, Ps. Th. 21, 6. Heáfda, Mt. L. 27, 39. (1 a) where the head is used in measurement :--- Se hróf on sumre stówe wæs man mid his handa neálíce gerǽcan mihte, in sumre eáþelíce mid heáfde gehrínan, 207, 23 : Hml. Th. i. 508, 19. 2. of an animal Ðæs íles heafud (-od, v. l. ), Past. 241, 16. Scépes heáfod, Bl. H. 183, 22. Slóg hé hors mid his sweorde him wand þæt heáfod of, Ors. 5, 2 ; S. 216, 24. Ðá heáfudu (heáfdu, v. l. ), Past. 105, 5. Hí hine oftorfodon mid hrýðera heáfdum, Chr. 1012; P. 142, 23. Ceruerus sceolde habbanþrió heáfdu, Bt. 35, 6; F. 168, 17. II. the head 1. as the seat of thought Ðæt heáfod sceal wísian ðǽm fótum, Past. 131, 24. Hond sceal heófod in wyrcan, Gn. Ex. 68. 2. as part essential to life, cf. heáfod-ǽ. — Ne sý nán óðer bót bútan heáfod (cf. forgá þýfðe be his feóre, 210, 3), Ll. Th. i. 282, 2, 23. Sý hé þeóf, and þolige heáfdes, 276, 13. For þon ðín éþel (wyrd ?) hit swá be þínum heáfde and fóre hafað árǽded fata ita de tuo capite statuerunt, Nar. 29, 13. III. the head in reference to hair Eówres heafudes loccas, Mt. 10, 30. Heáfdes (heófdes, R.), Lk. 12, 7. Loc of heáfde, An. 1425. Of heófde iówrum, Lk. R. 21, 18. hié eal hiera heáfod besceáren, Ors. 4, 11; S. 204, 8. Ða sácerdas ne scoldon nó hiera heáfdu scieran mid scierseaxum, Past. 139, 12. IV. 1. in enumeration, as in per head Æt heáfde peninc, Wlfst. 170, 20. 2. in numbering cattle Mid xii heáfdon sceápa, Cht. Th. 641, 1. V. the extremity of a thing Stæfes heáfod apex, Mt. L. 5, 18. Heáfod (of a key ), Rä. 62, 5. Þurh his (a battering-ram) heáfdes mægen, 54, 9. V a. the rounded part of a plant :-- xii hund heáfda (cf. capitum (heads of garlic ) milia multa, Prehn, p. 255), Rä. 83, 4. Genim gárleáces þreó heáfdu, Lch. ii. 234, 20. VI. the top of a building Þæt þú heáfod sié healle mǽrre and gesomnige síde weallas fæste gefóge, Cri. 4. Se stán ys geworden tó þǽre hyrnan heáfde (in heafut, L., heáfod, R.), Mt. 21, 42. VII. of places. 1. a summit, eminence Of héfdes welle on nunnene line; of nunnene linche on litiges héuede ; of litiges héuede anlang díche, C. D. iii. 420, 10-12. Of ðére dúne on beran heáfde ; of beran heáfde, 376, 7. Of ðám stáne tó ðám heáfde; big ðám heáfde, 384, 16. On ðam beorge ðat hit sticað on cheotoles heáfde, 434, 14. Tó dúnan heáfde; ðæt tó Hunes cnolle, v. 313, 13. Æt Biédan heáfde, Chr. 675 ; P. 34, 28. 2. the upper end of that which is, or is thought of as, sloping. a. of land. Cf. æt ðas akeres úpende, C. D. iii. 434, 2. In pl. the word seems often equivalent to andheáfdu, q. v. Andlang cumbes tó ðæs cumbes heáfde, 434, 35 : ii. 29, 3. Æt ðæs croftes heáfod, iii. 37, 23. On þæs hlinces heáfod, v. 217, 21 : iii. 420, 27. On móres heáfod, C. D. B. iii. 336, 19. On hanslædes heáfdan . . . on catedenes heáfdan, C. D. iii. 380, 26-29. Tó ceólan heáfdan, 462, 21. Be ðǽra æcera heáfdan, vi. 79, 12 : iii. 420, 16. Be heáfdan, 444, 14. Andlang fyrh tó ðon heáfdon, 437, 22. Of ðǽre fyrh á be þǽm heáfdan, Cht. E. 208, 33, 34. Of þám heáfodon andlang fúra . . . Ondlong weges oþ þá heáfdo, C. D. iii. 436, 16-27. b. of water Of horspóles heáuede . . . on horspóles heáued, C. D. iii. 445, 25-35. In ðes pulles heáfod, 382, 10. On þæs fennes heáfod, C. D. B. iii. 517, 30. On seohteres heáfod, 624, 20. 3. head, as in bed's head, the part of a couch where a person's head would rest Sce Adrianes hand heó ásette æt hire heáfdum on hire ræste, Shrn. 59, 35. Setton him tó heáfdum hilderandas, B. 1242. VIII. head as in fountain-head, source. 1. literal Andlang weges tó mearcbróces heáfde, C. D. iii. 445, 4. On beueres bróces heáfod, v. 48, 8. On ðæs wælles heáfod, ii. 28, 34 : 29, 4. On secgwælles heáfod, 7. On wulfwælles heáfod, 13. 2. figurative Wyrd . . ., weána wyrtwela, wópes heáfod, Sal. 444. Of edwittes ýða heáfdum, 29. IX. the beginning of a period of time Heáfdes fæstenes capitis ieiunii, Angl. xiii. 404, 566. Fram heáfde fæstenes, 563. Fram heáfde lenctenes oþ tó gereorde Drihtnes a capite quadragesimę usque ad cenam Domini, 407, 596. X. the figure-head of a ship Harold his scipes heáfod þám kynge bróhte, Chr. 1063; P. 191, 16. XI. used of persons. 1. one to whom others are subordinate, a chief, leader Israhéla folc geceás Ionatham, biddende hé wǽre heora heáfod and heretoga wið þá hǽþenan þeóda ; and hé féng ðá tó ealdordóme swá swá hí bǽdon, Hml. S. 25, 717. Þone arcb . . . sé þe ǽr wæs Angelcynnes heáfod and Xpendómes, Chr. 1011; P. 142, 5. Þú mé gesettest ðeódum tó heáfde constitues me in caput gentium, Ps. Th. 17, 41. Hwæt áwriten is be hira heáfde and be hiera láreówe, ðæt is deóful quod de eorum capite scriptum est, Past. 301, 6. Ðæt hálige heáfoð (-od, v. l. ) ðǽre hálgan gesomnunge, ðæt is Dryhten, 101, 22. 2. one who is more intelligent than others, who can instruct others Is ðearf ðæt ðæt dúst ðisse eorðlican giémenne ne áðísðrige ðæt eáge ðæs recceres, for ðǽm ealle ðá ðe ofer óðre bióð, bióð heáfda (-u, v. l. ) ðǽra ðe ðǽrunder bióð, and ðæt heáfod sceal wísian ðǽm fótum, Past. 131, 23. XII. used of places, a capital, chief town Constantinopolim is nú héhste cynesetl and heáfod ealles eástríces, Ors. 3, 7 ; S. 116, 13. Babilonia þe wæs Persa ríces heáfod, Wlfst. 194, 11. XIII. phrases. 1. with prep. ofer. a. local, over ( one's) head, aloft Hí him ásetton segen heáh ofer heáfod, B. 48. Áscán leóht ofer hieora heáfod, Bl. H. 249, 2. b. with the idea of protection, influence, &c. Þú hand þíne mé ofer heáfod holde gesettest posuisti super me manum tuam, Ps. Th. 138, 3. Þá þe him Godes egsa hleonað ofer heáfdum, Gú. 44. 2. with another noun Hé tóbærst mid wundum from ðám heáfde oð ðá fét, Shrn. 132, 9. 3. with a verb. a. heáfod brecan to destroy, crush an enemy Heáfod hé gebreceð hæleða meniges, Ps. Th. 109, 7. b. heáfod (á)hebban. α. to take courage, regain cheerfulness or confidence Eóure heáfdu (heófodo, R.) úp áhebbaþ; for þám þe eówer álýsednes geneálǽcð, Lk. 21, 28. β. to feel proud or elated Hí beóð þý dǽdfromran, and for ðon hiora heáfod hebbað, Ps. Th. 109, 8. γ. to be defiant Hí heora heáfod wið þé hófan, Ps. Th. 82, 2. c. heáfod niman to accept as a slave. Cf. Icel. fœra einum höfuð sitt to surrender oneself to an enemy, and see Grmm. R. A. pp. 146-7, 327-8 Ealle þá men þe heó nam heora heáfod for hyra mete on þám yflum dagum, Cht. Th. 621, 9. [Goth. haubif: O. Frs. háved: O. Sax. hóbið: O. H. Ger. houbit: Icel. haufuð, (later) hǫfuð.] v. foran-heáfod, fore-heáfod, for-heáfod, healf-heáfod, ofer-heáfod, oferhealf-heáfod, súþ-heáfod, úp-heáfod; and-heáfdu; wulf-heáfod-treów.
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