hearga
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Masculine
This might be just a supplemental entry substituting part of an entry in the Main Volume.
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
hearga
an ; m. [For pl. hearga; f. substitute : The form hearga, Past. 153, 22, is perhaps a mistake, as at 157, 5, 7 the form is heargas, which is also the reading of the Cotton MS. at 152, 22. Another explanation might be that hearga is a remnant of the u-declension, and this may apply to the form in Ex. 34, 15 : Lev. 26, 1, 30. Herge in A z 110 seems a verbal form parallel with bletsien.] I. a place sacred to a god, with an idol and an altar. 1. a grove Hearga lucum (the word occurs among glosses to Aldhelm between one on Ald. 50, 25 and another on 50, 27: in the text between these lucum does not occur), Wrt. Voc. ii. 82, 81: 51, 26. 2. of a building, a. a temple, fane Se ylca hearg (hearh, here, v. ll.) fanum, Bd. 2, 15; Sch. 175, 5. Haerg lupercal (lupercal templum panos, Ld. Gl. H. 22, § 27, 11), Wrt. Voc. ii. 113, 28: 51, 25. Hearges sacelli, 90, 20. Ðæs heáfodlican hearges capitolii, 20, 38 : 128, 46. Hearge Herculis (the gloss belongs to sacello, v. Herculis sacello, Ald. 44, 28. In Hpt. Gl. 482, 37 the gloss is placed rightly :-- On hálierne ł hergan, temple sacello), 81, 78: Herculus, 43, 24. Herige, herge delubro, templo, Hpt. Gl. 493, 37. Þæt hé becrupe on þæs Amones anlícnesse þe inne on þǽm hearge (templo ) wæs, Ors. 3, 9 ; S. 126, 28. Haerga sacellorum, Wrt. Voc. ii. 119, 51. Hergana sacellorum (sacellum templum idolorum ), Hpt. Gl. 451, 23. Templicre hærgana æfgælþe fanatica delubrorum superstitione, 482, 27. Hergas fana, Bd. 3, 30; Sch. 331, 20: 333, 1. b. the part of a temple in which the altar and idol stood Hearh delubrum (Roma fregit delubra sacelli, Ald. 151, 22), An. Ox. 18 b, 21. ¶ the word occurs in place-names :-- In loco cuius uocabulum est Besingahearh, C. D. v. 35, 17. Bituih Gumeningahergae and Liddinge, i. 142, 7. In quattuor locis, id est, æt hearge . . . and æt geddincggum, 282, 17. II. an idol Wæs gesewen átífred ealle ðá heargas (idola) . . . sió gítsung ðe Sc̃s Paulus cuæð ðæt wǽre hearga (idolorum ) geféra, Past. 157, 4-6. Hergas ðeóda simulacra gentium , Ps. Srt. 113, 4. Heargas hǽþenra ðeóda, Ps. Spl. 134, 15. Herga simulacrorum, idolorum. Hpt. Gl. 440, 63. In hergum heara in simulacris suis, Ps. Srt. ii. p. 183, 29. hé þeówige unclǽnum deóflum, and þám unwittigum heargum, Hml. S. 30, 52. Se hálga herigeas þreáde, deófulgild tódráf, An. 1689. III. the word is also applied to a Christian temple Heargas fana (but Giles gives templa: Nescitis quod templa Dei sint ilia vestra, Ald. 140, 19), Wrt. Voc. ii. 89, 21.
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