hwá
This might be just a supplemental entry adding to an entry in the Main Volume.
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
§7,
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
hwá
Add: pl. n. hwá; dat. hwám, hwǽm. I. in direct questions. 1. hwá who Hwǽm (hwám, v. l.) beóð dás ðyllecan gelícran? quibus isti sunt similes ?, Past. 226, 23. Æt hwám (from hwǽm, R. a quibus) nimað cyningas gafol?, Mt. 17, 25 : Hml. Th. i. 510, 32. 2. hwæt what, where the subject of the question may be of any gender or of either number, a. alone, questions asking for the nature, character, extent, &c., of person or thing Hwæt is se dumba, sé þe on sumre dene resteð?, Sal. 229. Hwæt is þeós wundrung?, Cri. 89. Hwæt is wuldor þín þe þú upp árǽrdest, þá þú goda ússa gilp gehnǽgdest ?, An. 1319. Hwæt sindon þá gimmas búton God sylfa?, Cri. 694. b. strengthened by ǽfre Hwæt þis ǽfre beón scyle?, Hml. S. 23, 532 : 516. c. with partitive gen. Hwæt wæs seó Salamones ræste elles búton se hálga innoð?, Bl. H. 11, 19. d. with gen. , what manner of Ac hwæt wile ðæt nú beón weorca ðæt ús on óðerre stówe forbiét ðæt wé hit beforan mannum dón, on ððerre lǽrd búton ðæt wé hit helen ? quid est ergo, quod opus nostrum et ita faciendum est, nevideatur, et tamen, ut debeat videri praecipitur ? Past. 451, 2. Hwæt þis ǽfre beón sceole fǽrlices whatever manner of marvellous thing must this be?, Hml. S. 23, 516. Hwæt gifest þú mé freómanna to frófre?, Gen. 2174. II. introducing an exclamatory clause. Cf. III. 1 B iii a ; hwilc; II. Eála! hwæt se forma gítsere wǽre, þe ǽrest þá eorþan ongan delfan æfter golde, Bt. 15 ; F. 48, 22: Met. 8, 55. III. in dependent clauses. 1. after verbs (or verbal nouns or adjectives') of asking, learning, knowing, seeing, saying, a. hwá Hé frægn . . . hwá þá duru heólde, Fin. 23. Heofon ongeat hwá hine getremede, Cri. 1150. þonne bið gecýðed hwá unclǽnnisse líf álifde, Dóm. 62. Hwæt wille gé cueðan hwæs oððe hwæs gé sién ? quid vos hujus vel illius dicitis, Past. 211, 13. b. hwæt (for meaning see I. A above), a. alone, (i) of persons Ðá Sǽde Paulus þone engel hwæt seó góde sáwel wǽre. Ðá sǽde hé him þæt heó wǽre mildheortnesse fyligende and staðolfæst . . . . Wlfst. 237, II. Hú mihte Adam tócnáwan hwæt hé wǽre . . . ?, Hml. Th. i. 14, 4. Ic wát ge hwæt þú eart ge for hwon þú gnornast scio qui es, et quare maeres, Bd. 2, 12; Sch. 156, 14. þám deófle wæs micel twínung hwæt Críst wǽre, Hml. Th. i. 168, 10. Hé hine hét secgan hwæt his geféran wǽron, Bt. 16, 2; F. 52, 23. (ii) of things :-- Sum blind þearfa gehýrde myccle menigo féran; þá áhsode hé hwæt þæt wǽre, Bl. H. 15, 17. Hé áscode hwæt hyt sóðes wǽre for hwig hym man swá fǽrlíce æfter sende, Hml. A. 184, 94. Hú ne wást þú hwæt (, v. l. ) wé cweþaþ. Bt. 34, 5 ; F. 138, 34, Uton spyrian hwæt þá geforan, þá þe God tufedon, and hwæt þá gefóran, þá þe God græmedon, Wlfst. 130, 11-13. Oð ðæt ic wite hwæt God wylle hwæt be mé gewurðe donec sciam quid de me fieri uelit Deus, Bd. 5, 19 ; Sch. 670, 12. þá frægn Scipia hiene ann Ic nát mid hwí ic delfe. Hml. S. 23 b, 764. Uton gehýran hwæt hé dyde and mid hwý hé ús freó gedyde, Bl. H. 83, 31. Hé him sægde þurh hwæt seó sául eádegust gewurde, 159, 28. (B) with gen. (i) where the noun in the genitive denotes a class or kind, how many or how much of which is in question :-- Hé befrán hwæt hí him feós geúðon he asked what (how much) money they would give him, Hml. Th. ii. 242, 16. Mé lysteþ ic wite hwæt sóþes sý be þǽre wísan quid hoc de re veritas habeat, ignore, Gr. D. 303, 6. Be þǽm hringum mon mehte witan hwæt Rómána duguðe gefeallen wæs, Ors. 4, 9 ; S. 190, 13. Áríman hwæt þǽr mancynnes forwearð, 1, 11 ; S. 50, 13. Tó secganne hwæt hiera folces forwurde, 5, 2; S. 220, 9. (ii) where the genitive denotes a single object, what part of :-- Sege mé hwæt his (wealth) þé deórast þince, Bt. 13; F. 38, 10. (iii) where the noun in genitive denotes that, the manner or kind of which is in question, what kind of :-- Befrínende hwæt fǽrlices wǽre, Hml. S. 31, 243. (iii a) what wonderful kind of. Cf. II :-- Hit is on hrædinge earfoðrecce hwæt hé gesáwenlicra wundra worhte, Wlfst. 22, 14. (iv) where the genitive denotes objects the number of which is in question :-- Saga mé hú fela si fugela cynna. Ic ðé secge twá and fiftig. Saga mé hwæt fisccynna si. Ic ðé secge six and þrittig, Sal. K. 204, 5-10. 2. after other verbs, a. hwá Hié ofergeáton . . . hwá him dugeðaforgeafblǽd, Gen. 2581. b. hwæt. a. alone Ne in huon ð ú hlada hæfis ðú neque in quo hatirias habes. Jn. L. 4, 11. Þú wille cweþan þá welgan habban mid hwám hí mægen þæt eall gebétan, Bt. 26, 2 ; F- 92, 35- Eall hwæt (þæt, v. l. ) hi willniaþ hí begitaþ, 40, 7; F. 242, 22. Hwæt seó rǽding cwyð . . . , hyt ys tó gýmanne, Angl. viii. 323, 32. (B) with gen. Cf. I B i :-- Hé giémde hwæt hé hæfde monna gerímes, and ne nóm náne ware húlice hié wǽron, Ors. 5, 4; S. 224, 21. 3. where the hwæt-clause is subject to the verb of the main clause Bið æt Gode ánum gelang eal hwæt wé gefaran scylon, Wlfst. 122, 9. with elliptical construction, the mam clause not expressed :-- Ǽlc man hwæt ((it did not matter ?) what ) . . . his háde tó belumpe folgade, sé þe wolde, Chr. 1086 ; P. 219, 31. IV. as an indefinite pronoun, 1. hwá a. alone, with much the same sense as man, any one Ne selle mon tó fela ðǽm de lytles ðyrfe, ðý lǽs hwá him self weorðe tó wǽdlan, and him ðonne gehreówe sió ælmesse ne, cum pauca oportet, plurima praebeant, et ipsi postmodun minime inopiam tolerantes ad impatientiam erumpant, Past. 325, 7. Ðæt is ðæt mann (mon, v. l.) forwierne his sweorde blódes, ðæt hwá forwirne his láre ðæt hé mid ðǽre ne ofsleá ðæs flǽsces lustas gladium a sanguine prohibere est praedica*-*tionis verbum a carnalis vitae interfectione retinere, 379, 2. Hwá þe heom þises bereáfie, God sié heom wráð, Cht Th. 621, 22. Gif ðú hwene gesihst geðeón on góde, blissa on his dǽdum, Hex. 44, 28. b. with gen. Gif hwá þonne þegena sý þe on his bóclande cyricean hæbbe, Ll. Th. i. 262, 11. 2. hwæt. a. alone Gif him hwæt mistímað, Hex. 44, 30. Weald hwæt heom tíde, Ll. Th. ii. 316, 25. Gif hí on hwon (ówiht, v. l.) ágylton siqua delinquissent. Bd. 3, 5; Sch. 204, 22. Gif þú tódǽlst hwæt on feówer, Angl. viii. 335, 24: Bl. H. 97, 27. b. with gen. Gif hié hwæt suá heálicra yfela on him ongieten si qua valde sunt eorum prava, Past. 197, 5. Gif him gebyrige ðæt hé on ðæs hwæt befoo ðe wið his willan sié, 198, 23. Hwæt swylces, Gr. D. 138, 2. Gif hí hwæt litles understandaþ of þám Lýden-bócum, Ælfc. Gen. Thw. 2, 10. U anomalous construction where V. l is used as well Mé bet lícað swá hwæt swá þú in Rómána cyricean . . . oððe on hwilcre óþre hwæt þæs geméte, Gode má lícode mihi placet, ut siue in Romana . . . seu in qualibet ecclesia aliquid invenisti quod plus Deo possit placere, Bd. 1, 27 ; Sch. 65, 5. V. in combination with swá. 1. swá hwá (hwæt) swá. See also (7 a) Swá hwá swá hilð his gódan weorc, . . . ne lǽt hé nánne óðerne æfter him, Fast. 449, 29. Swá hwá þonne swá þæs wyrþe biþ hé . . . , Bt. 5, 1 ; F. 10, 13. Gif twégen eówer geþafigaþ be ǽngum þinge swá hwæs swá hé gebiddan (be ǽlcum þinge þe hig biddað, W. S.) si duo ex vobis consenserint de omni re quamcumque petierint, Mt. R. 18, 19. Hé gelýfd swá hwæt swá hé cwyð, gewurðe þis, Mk. 11. 23: Lk. 10, 35. Swá hwæt swá (quicquid) . . . gelumpe, þæt eall (totum hoc ) se ofen . . . of ásude, Bd. 4, 9 ; Sch. 393, 11. (1 a) with gen. :-- Hé forgifeþ eall swá hwæt swá þes middangeard . . . ǽbyligða geworhte, Bl. H. 9, 11. 2. swá hwá (hwæt) Suá huá dringe selles quicumque potum dederit, Mt. L. 10, 42: Mk. R. 11. 23. Swá hwæs hé gewilnode him ne forwyrnde God, Hml. S. 34, 193. Swá hwæt hé gewyrce, Ll. Th. i. 78, 7. Swá hwæt (huæd, L.) gecweoðas, dóað , Jn. R. 2, 5. 3. hwá (hwæt) swá Hwæt swá þin hand mæge wyrcan, Gr. D. 327, 26. 4. Swá hwá (hwæt) sé And suá chuæt ðá quamcumque, Mt. L. 18, 19. (4 a) Swá hwá (hwæt) sé þe :-- Suá huá sé ðe wælle quicumque uoluerit. Mk. L. 10, 43. Suá huá sé ðe ne hæfeð . . . genumen bið from him ł ðǽm, Lk. L. 8, 18. Huǽ, Mk. L. to, 44. Há, 11. 23 5. Sé swá hwá (hwæt). Cf. (7 b) suá huæt (quodcumque) from mé ðé gewæxe, Mk. L. 7, 11. suá huæd, Lk. L. 10, 35. (5 a) Sé þe swá hwá (hwæt). Cf. (7b) :-- Sé ðe suá huá quicumque, Lk. L. 9, 5 : 48. þte swá hwæt (quodcumque) is of mé, Mk. R. 7, II. Ðá ðegnas sægdun him ðá ðe swá hwæt (huæd, L.) hiæ dydun narrauerunt illi quaecumque fecerunt, Lk. R. 9, 10. 6. Sé ł swá hwá (hwæt) Ðá ł suæ huæt (chuæt) quaecumque, Mt. L. 18, 18. (6a) Sé þe ł swá (hwæt). Cf. (7 c) :-- Sé ðe ł suá cnuá ðec genédes . . . geong mið him, Mt. L. 5, 41. 7. where eal qualifies the indefinite form. [Though probably eal in every case is adjective in the following passages, they may suggest that the construction might easily come to be considered as one in which eal was substantive, and the hw- forms were relatives.] a. Cf. 1. , (1 a) þǽr mé æteówde hit self eall swá hwæt swá mé mislícode ubi omne quad displicebat se patenter ostenderet, Gr. D. 3, 18. þá gemétton hí . . . eall swá hwæt swá mihton beón gesewene . . . invenerunt . . . quaeque poterant . . . videri, 129, 5. Hweþer hí magen ábiddan eall swá hwæt swá heó biddað, and begytan eall hi gewilniað si omnia quae volunt possunt, et cuncta impetrant quae desiderant obtinere, 166, 21. Eall swá hwæt swá hé findan mihte, hé dælde quidquid habere potuit, expendit, 293, 7. Eal hé mót ástundian, swá hwæt swá fram his gingrum forgýmeleásod bið ad ipsum respicit quicquid a discipulis delinquitur, R. Ben. 61, 7. Eal swá hwæt swá ic þé gehét, eal ic hit gesette, Bl. H. 147, 8 : 21, 23. Eal swá hwæt swá hé geseah, ealles héhis gyrnde, Ll. Th. ii. 398, 20. b. Cf. 5. , (5 a) Hé gitrióweð iówih alle ðá ðe swá hwæt (alle ðá suǽ huæd, L. omnia quaecumque ) ic cweðo iów, Jn. R. 14, 26: 16, 15: Jn. R. 4, 29. c. Cf. (6 a) Sé ðe cueð mé tó alle ðá ðe ł suǽ huæd ic dyde, Jn. L. 4, 29. VI. as relative Nán man ne ðorfte hine beládian hé fæt næfde on hwý hé hit wyrman mihte, Hml. A. 141, 84. ¶ Instances of hw- forms used as true relatives are found only in late O. E., but there are many earlier instances in which such forms are used in a way to suggest that the transition to the relative force would be easy. See above Angl. viii. 323, 32: Bt. 40, 7; F. 242, 22 ( III. 2 b α): Wlfst. 122, 9 (III. 3): Cht. Th. 621, 22 (IV. 1 a); In. R. 2, 5 (V. 2): Lk. L. 8, 18 (V. 4 a), and all the passages under V. 1, V. 7. To these may be added Ne rǽdde gé hwæt (the later version has, Ne rédde gé hwæt ...) Dauid dyde nec hoc legistis quod fecit Dauid, Lk. 6, 3. [Here hwæt is not a relative to antecedent þæt, but the hwæt-clause is in apposition to þæt. Cf. the A. V. rendering 'Have ye not read so much as this, what David did'.] v. á-hwá, æt-hwá, wel-hwá, nát-hwæt.
This is a supplementary entry with editorial changes to an entry in the main volume of the dictionary. Look under the 'Possibly connected entries' below, or for the same headword in the list to the left.

A Combined List of Abbreviations.

Abbreviation not recognized. See:

A Combined List of Abbreviations.