EORL
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Masculine
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
EORL
es; m. I. an Anglo-Saxon nobleman of high rank, the yarl of the Danes, about the same as an ealdorman. He who was in early times styled ealdorman, was afterwards denominated an earl; cŏmes, sătelles princĭpis. This title, which was introduced by the Jutes of Kent, occurs frequently in the laws of the kings of that district, the first mention of it being Gif on eorles túne man mannan ofslæhþ xii scillinga gebéte if a man slay a man in an earl's town, let him make compensation with twelve shillings, L. Ethb. 13; Th. i. 6, 9, 10. Its more general use among us dates from the later Scandinavian invasions, and though originally only a title of honour, it became in later times one of office, nearly supplanting the older and more Saxon one of 'ealdorman:' — Swá we eác settaþ be eallum hádum, ge ceorle ge eorle so also we ordain for all degrees, whether to churl or earl, L. Alf. pol. 4; Th. i. 64, 3. Se eorl nolde ná géþwsǽrian the earl would not consent, Chr. 1051; Ing. 227, 13, 23: 228, 4, 28, 35, 36: 229, 10, 21, 25, 26. II. a man, brave man, hero, general, leader, chief; vir, pŭgil, vir fortis, dux Eorlas on cýþþe men in the country. Andr. Kmbl. 1467; An. 735. Him se Ebrisca eorl wísade the Hebrew man [Lot] directed them. Cd. 112; Th. 147, 24; Gen. 2444. Ða eorlas þrý, nom. pl. the three men, 95; Th. 123, 16; Gen. 2045. Eorlas wénaþ men think, 86; Th. 109, 22; Gen. 1826. Fór eorlum before the people, 98; Th. 129, 1; Gen. 2137. þegna and eorla of thanes and earls, Bt. Met. Fox 25, 15 ; Met. 25, 8. Geared gumum gold brittade, se eorl wæs æðele Jared dispensed gold to the people, the man was noble. Cd. 59; Th. 72, 5; Gen. 1182. [Piers P. eerl: Chauc. erl: R. Glouc. erles noblemen: Laym. eorl: Orm. eorless, pl: O. Sax. Hel. erl, m. a man, nobleman, male offspring, boy: Icel. jarl, earl, m. a gentleman, nobleman, warrior, chief.]
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