mǽþ
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Feminine
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
mǽþ
e; f. (but ofer ðínne mǽð, Prov. Kmbl. 27.) I. measure, degree, proportion Gilde be ðære giftan mǽþe reddet pecuniam juxta modum dotis, Ex. 22, 17: L. Ecg. P. i. 11; Th. ii. 176, 28. Be ðære synne mǽþe secundum peccati gradum, tit. i; Th. ii. 170, 5: Ors. 1, 12; Swt. 56, 4. Be dǽde mǽþe, L. C. E. 5; Th. i. 364, 1. Beó seó ǽht gescyft swíðe rihte wífe and cildan and néhmágon ǽlcum be ðære mǽþe ðe him tó gebyrige let the property be shared among the wife and children and near relatives with strict justice, to each according to the proportion that is proper for him, L. C. S. 71; Th. i. 414, 2. II. the measure or extent of power, ability, capacity, efficacy Nis ná eówer mǽþ tó witenne ðone tíman it is not for you to know the time (Acts 1, 7), Homl. Th. i. 298, 12. Úre mǽþ nis ðæt wé ealle Godes gecorenan eów gereccan, ii. 72, 1: 188, 28. Nis ǽfre ǽniges mannes mǽþ ðæt hé cunne God swá forþ geherian swá hé wyrþe is it is never within any man's power to praise God to the extent he deserves, Btwk. 194, 15. Ðeáh hit úre mǽþ ne síe ðæt wé witan hwæt hé síe, wé sculon ðeáh be ðæs andgites mǽþe ðe hé ús gifþ fundigan, Bt. 42; Fox 256, 2. Ǽlc winþ be his andgites mǽþe each strives according to the measure of his understanding, 41, 4; Fox 250, 26: Homl. Th. i. 344, 22. Crist dǽlþ his gyfe his limum be gehwylces mannes mǽþe according to each man's ability, ii. 526, 8. Gif ðú oncnǽwst ðinne Drihten mid ðínum ǽhtum be ðínre mǽþe, i. 140, 30. Gódne dǽl ǽlces be ðære mǽþe (efficacy of the ingredient). Lchdm. iii. 12, 20. Dó ðǽrtó be ðæs huniges mǽþe, 76, 9. Góde sind ðás þing (bread, fish, &c.) be heora mǽþe these things are good as far as they go, Homl. Th. i. 252, 26. Ofer mǽþe úre ðú forþtýhst sprǽce ultra ætatem nostram protrahis sermonem, Coll. Monast. Th. 32, 11. Ðeáh wé nú ofer úre mǽþ þencen sive mente excedimus, Past. 16, 2; Swt. 101, 11. Ðæt mód ðe ofer his mǽþ biþ upáhæfen animus qui extra se in elationem ducitur, 36, 7; Swt. 255, 18. Ðú scealt gelýfan on ðone lifigendan God and ofer ðíne mǽþe mótian be him. Hexam. 3; Norm. 6, 17. Ðú bǽde ofer míne mǽþe thou hast asked beyond my power. Homl. Skt. 3, 515. Ne wilna ðú ofer ðínne mǽd tó witanne ymbe ða heofonlícan þing. Prov. Kmbl. 27. Manna gehwylc mæg be his mǽþe, mid ðám lácum ðe hé hæfþ, Gode eáðe gecwéman, forðam ne gewilnaþ hé ná máran ðonne ðæs mannes mǽþa beóþ. Wulfst. 280, 27. III. degree, rank, status, condition 'Ne onwréah ðé flǽsc ne blód ðisne geleáfan.' Flǽsc and blód is gecweden his flǽsclíce mǽiþ 'flesh and blood did not reveal this belief to thee.' His fleshly condition is called flesh and blood, Homl. Th. i. 368, 9. Ðá wǽron þeódwitan weorþscipes wyrþe, ǽlc be his mǽþe, eorl and ceorl, þegen and þeóden, L. R. 1; Th. i. 190, 13. Eallum cristenum mannum gebyraþ ðæt hí háda gehwylcne weorþian be mǽþe, L. C. E. 4; Th. i. 360, 28 : L. Eth. vii. 3; Th. i. 330, 8. IV. due measure, right Hé þeáh swá hit mǽþ wæs fægere forþwerd he made good progress, as was right and fit. Wulfst. 17, 8. Manna gehwilc óðrum beóde ðæt riht ðæt hé wille ðaet man him beóde, be ðam ðe hit mǽþ sí, L. Eth. vi. 49; Th. i. 326, 31. Manna má ðonne hit ǽnig mǽþ wǽre more men than was at all right. Byrht. Th. 137, 33. Ofer mǽþe justo amplius. Ger. 395, 58. V. due measure in regard to others, honour, respect (v. mǽþ-full) Hwílum wǽron heáfodstedas and heálíce hádas micelre mǽþe and munde wyrþe, and griþian mihton ða ðe ðæs beþorftan and ðǽrtó sóhtan aa be ðære mǽþe ðe ðǽrtó gebyrede formerly chief places and high orders were entitled to much respect, and to the right of giving protection, and they could afford sanctuary to those that needed it, and repaired thereto, ever according to the dignity that thereto belonged, L. Eth. vii. 3; Th. i. 330, 7. Se wæs ðonne mǽþe and munde swá micelre wurþe, swá ðonne ðam háde gebirede, L. R. 7; Th. i. 192, 13, Ðæt Godes circan beón beteran mǽþe and munde wyrþe, Wulfst. 266, 9. Godes þeówas syndan mǽþe and munde gewelhwar bedǽlde, 157, 19. Man sceal mǽþe on háde gecnáwan people must feel respect for the clergy, L. C. E. 4; Th. i. 362, 4: L. I. P. 19; Th. ii. 328, 26. Ǽlc cristen man áh mycele þearfe ðæt hé on ðam griþe mycle mǽþe wite (shew great respect to ), 25; Th. ii. 338, 38: Wulfst. 161, 2. Se hæfþ árfæstnysse ðe mǽþe cann on óðrum mannum . . and nele forseón óðerne, 51, 30. Deófol sendeþ árleásnesse ðæt ungesǽlig man mǽðe ne geseó on his underþeóddum ne on his efenlícan shews no respect for his subordinates or equals, 53, 24. [Orm. mett and mæþ i claþess: Allit. Pms. in mesure and meþe.]
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