mund
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun
Gender: Feminine
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
mund
e; f. I. a hand Hé cwehte mægenwudu mundum, Beo. Th. 477; B. 236 : 6037; B. 3022. Merestrǽta mundum brugdon (swam ), 1033; B. 514. Mundum brugdon scealcas of sceáðum scír*-*mǽled swyrd, Judth. 11; Thw. 24, 38; Jud. 229. Gif monna hwelc mundum sínum aldre beneóteþ, Cd. 50; Th. 63, 31; Gen. 1040. Ic geféng mid mundum mægenbyrðenne. Beo. Th. 6173; B. 3091. II. a hand (as a measure) Stǽnen bedd þrým mundum hiérra ðonne ðæs húses flór, Shrn. 69, 4. III. a. protection (cf. to be in a person's hands, and v. hand) Wé woldon gesettan ðás bóc mannum tó getrym *-* minge and tó munde ús sylfum we wished to compose this book to encourage other men, and to secure ourselves, Homl. Skt. pref. 71. Gé orsorge wuniaþ on lande under mýnre munde. Wulfst. 132, 16. Ða hǽðenan mid lácum heora leásra goda munde and gescyldnysse bǽdon, Homl. Th. i. 504, 19. Munde pafrocinium, Hpt. Gl. 425, 19. Gif hý him syððan ne dóþ mete ne munde if afterwards they do not feed or shelter him, L. Edm. S. l; Th. i. 248, 7. Gif mete and munde ðam ðe ðæs beþurfe, L. Pen. 15; Th. ii. 282, 25 : Hy. 7, 48 ; Hy. Grn. ii. 288, 48. Hwí wénst ðú ðæt hý habban nánege munde heora freónda on ðisse weorulde why do you think that they (the good who are dead) afford no protection to their friends in this world, Shrn. 202, 25. b. in a technical sense, Guardianship Ðá betǽhte Ecgferþ land and bóc on cynges gewitnesse Dúnstáne arcebisceope tó mundgenne his láfe and his bearna. Ðá hé geendod wæs ðá rád se bisceop tó ðam cynge myngude ðære munde and his gewitnesse then Ecgferth delivered land and charter, with the witness of the king, to archbishop Dunstan, that he might act as guardian in respect to them, on behalf of his widow and children. When he died, the bishop rode to the king, and reminded him of the guardianship and his witness, Chart. Th. 208, 10-18. c. in a personal sense, A protector, guardian (cf. mund-bora, mundbyrdness, II) Ðæt hé beó ðǽrtó geheald and mund under mé. Chart. Th. 391, 17. Ic wile ðæt Ælthelrn sý hire mund and ðæs landes, 545, 23. Ic wille ðæt Ælfríc and Ælfhelm bén mund and freónd intó ðære stówe, 547, 37. Ic eom ðæs mynstres mund and upheald, Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iv. 232, 7. [Bé Alfríc and Tofi and Ðrunni ðese quides mundes. Chart. Th. 567, I.] IV. as a technical term in the laws, a. protection, guardianship extended by the king to the subject, the king's peace, by the head of a family to its members Gif man his mæn freóls gefe freólsgefa áge munde ðare hína if a man give his slave freedom, let him who gives the freedom be the guardian of the freedman's family, L. Win. 8; Th. i. 38, 16. Ðonne ðæt gedón sý ðonne rǽre man cyninges munde ðæt is ðæt hý ealle gemǽnum handum of ǽgðere mǽgþe on ánum wǽpne ðam sémende syllan ðæt cyninges mund stande when that is done, then let the king's peace be declared, that is, that they all of either kindred, with their hands in common upon one weapon, engage to the mediator that the king's peace shall not be broken, L. E. G. 12; Th. i. 174, 20-22: L. Edm. S. 7; Th. i. 250, 19. Be munde. Hwílum wǽron heáfodstedas and heálíce hádas micelre mǽ;þe and munde wyrþe and griðian mihton ða ðe ðæs beþorf[ton] (they were entitled to afford protection, and might give 'grið' to those that needed it), L. Eth. vii. 3; Th. i. 330, 7: Wulfst. 157, 19. Se ærcebiscop spsec tó mé ymbe Xp̃es circean freóls, ðæt heó hæfþ nú læsse munde ðonne hió hwílan ǽr hæfde. Chart. Th. 308, 20. [lch wille ðat hié habben alsuá hiere rigte ðane tún mid alsuá muchele munde alsuá on méseluen stant. Cod. Dip. Kmbl. iv. 204, 7.] b. the fine paid for violation of mund, cf. mund-bryce, mund-byrd Mund ðare betstan widuwan eorlcundre, L. scillinga gebéte, L. Ethb. 75 ; Th. i. 20, 10. Gif man widuwan unágne genimeþ, ii gelde seó mund sý, 76; Th. i. 20, 14. Heáfodmynstres griðbryce béte man be cyninges munde, ðæt is mid .v. pundum (let the fine be as in the case of breach of the king's mund, cf. gif hwá cynges mundbrice gewyrce, gebéte ðæt mid .v. pundum, L. Eth. vii. 11; Th. i. 330, 29), L. Eth. ix. 5 ; Th. i. 342, l: L. C. E. 3; Th. i. 360, 19. Gif hwá folces fyrdscip áwyrde, gebéte ðæt georne, and cyninge ða munde, L. . Eth. vi. 34; Th. i. 324, 6. [O. Sax. mund hand: Icel. mund; f. hand (mostly poetry); also hand (a measure): O. Frs. mund guardianship; also a guardian: O. H. Ger. munt palmus, cubitus; protectio; protector, Grff. ii. 815: 813. v. Grmm. R. A. 447.] v. féðe-mund. The word also is found in proper names, e. g. Eád-mund.
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