scúfan
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Strong
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
scúfan
scéufan, sceófan; p. sceáf, pl. scufon, sceufon, sceofon; pp. scofen, sceofen To shove, push, thrust; trudere, praecipitare Ic sceúfe (sceófe, scúfe) praecipito, Ælfc. Gr. 24; Zup. 137, 11 : trudo, 28, 4; Zup. 171, 1. Scífþ trudit, Hpt. Gl. 406, 71. Scúfaþ praecipitate, Wrt. Voc. ii. 68, 78. I. to shove, push, try to move something :-- Hé sceáf mid ðam scylde. ðæt se sceaft tóbærst, Byrht. Th. 135, 50; By. 136. Sume sceufon, sume tugon, and seó Godes fǽmne hwæðre stód. Shrn. 154, 26. II. to shove, thrust, cause to move with violence. 1. literal Ðá ne gelífde Apollonius ðæt heó his gemæcca wǽre ac sceáf hí fram him, Ap. Th. 25, 6. Hé sceáf reáf of líce. Cd. Th. 94, 20 ; Gen. 1564. Hí dracan scufon, wyrm ofer weallclif, Beo. Th. 6254; B 3131. 'Uton hine underbæc sceófan' . . . Hí ðáá næs ácweald þurh ðam heálícan fylle, Homl. Th. ii. 300, 14-20. Hét his scealcas scúfan ða hyssas in bǽlblýse, Cd. Th. 230, 11 ; Dan. 231 : Exon. Th. 142, 21 ; Gú. 647. Leahtra lease in ðæs leádes wylm scúfan, 277, 21; Jul. 584. Scúfan scyldigne in seáþ. Elen. Kmbl. 1380 ; El. 692. Ús ys miht geseald ðe tó sceófanne on ðás wítu ðisse deópnysse, Guthl. 5 ; Gdwin. 38, 17. 2. of proceedings which imply violence, to thrust into prison, out of a place, etc. Drihten heó (the fallen angels) furðor sceáf in ðæt neowle genip, Cd. Th. 292, 24; Sat. 445. Hig scufon (ejecerunt) hine of ðære ceastre. Lk. Skt. 4, 29. Sume scufon heora mágas forþ tó heofenan ríce, and férdon him sylfe tó helle wíte, Homl. Th. ii. 542, 22. Búton man ágeáfe Eustatsius and his men heom tó hand sceofe unless Eustace were given up and his men were handed over to them, Chr. 1052 ; Erl. 179, 22. Se cyning wæs yrre wið mé and hét sceófan mé on cweartern me retrudi jussit in carcerem, Gen. 41, 10. (devils) scofene wurdon fore oferhygdum in éce fýr. Exon. Th. 140, 5; Gu. 605. (Adam and Eve) scofene wurdon on gewinworuld, 153, 20 ; Gú. 828. III. to shove, push, cause to move (without notion of violence) Hí scufon út heora scipu and gewendon heom begeondan sǽ, Chr. 1048 ; Erl. 180, 15 : Beo. Th. 436; B. 215. IV. of the production of natural phenomena Metod æfter sceáf ǽfen, Cd. Th. 9, 4 ; Gen. 136. Ðá wæs morgenleóht scofen and scynded, Beo Th. 1840; B. 918. [Cf. Grmm. D. M. 706.] V. to push a person's cause. advance, forward, cf. scyfe, II. Scúfeþ Freá forþwegas folmum sínum, willan ðínne, Cd. Th. 170, 13; Gen. 2812. VI. to urge, prompt a thought or action, cf. scyfe, III. Mid ðý se weriga gást ða synne scýfþ on móde cum malignus spiritus peccatum suggerit in mente. Bd. I. 27; S. 497, 19 note. VII. to push on or forward, to move (intrans.) Merecondel (the sun) scýft on ofdæle, Met. 13, 58. Werige gástas scúfaþ tó grunde in ðæt nearwe níþ, Cd. Th. 304, 21 ; Sat. 633. [Goth. skiuban : O. Frs. skúva : O. H. Ger. sciuban : Icel. skýfa (wk.) to shove, drive, push.] v. á-, æt-, be-, for-, óþ-, tó-, wið-scúfan.
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