windan
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Verb
Verb Class: Strong
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
windan
p. wand, pl. wundon; pp. wunden. I. intrans. 1. of motion that results from a blow, swing, or other impetus, to fly, leap, start Sió æcs wint of ðam hielfe and eác ús of ðære handa ... Sió æs wient of ðæm hielfe securis manu fugit ... Ferrum de manubrio prosilit , Past. 21; Swt. 167, 7-9. Sum óðer hine wolde sleán mid ísene, ac ðæt wǽpen wand áweg mid ðam slege of ðæs réðan handum, Homl. Th. ii. 510, 22. Ðá slóg hé ánes monnes hors mid his sweorde, ðæt him wand ðæt heáfod of ad unum gladii ictum caput desecuisset , Ors. 5, 2; Swt. 216, 24. Slóh ides ðone hǽþenan hund, ðæt him ðæt heáfod wand forþ on ðá flóre, Judth. Thw. 23, 8; Jud. 110. Bærst sum sagol intó ánes beáteres eágan swá ðæt his eáge wand út mid ðæm slæge, Homl. Skt. i. 4, 144. Heó wearð mid swurde gewundod, ðæt hire wand se innoð út, 9, 127: Jud. 3, 22. 2. to fly, wheel, spring. Cf. wendan. a. of the movement of living things Sume fótum foldan peðþaþ, sume fleógende windaþ (-eð, MS.) under wolcnum sunt quibus alarum levitas vaga... liquido longi spatia aetheris enatet volatu , Met. 31, 12. Hé wand him up þanon, hwearf him þurh ða helldora, Cd. Th. 29, 7 ; Gen. 446. Ðá wand se of his swuran he sprang from his neck , Homl. Th. i. 336, 17. Hornfisc plegode, and se grǽga mǽw wælgífre wand (flew circling round ), Andr. Kmbl. 743 ; An. 372. Hremmas wundon, Byrht. Th. 134, 59; By. 106. Hé mid feðerhoman fleógan meahte, windan on wolcne, Cd. Th. 27, 15; Gen. 418. b. of inanimate things Dægscealdes hleó (the pillar of cloud ) wand ofer wolcnum, Cd. Th. 182, 23 ; Exod. 80. Mid ðam worde wand fýr of heofonum at those words fire flew from heaven , Homl. Skt. i. 18, 249. Wand tó wolcnum wælfýra mǽst, Beo. Th. 2242 ; B. 1119. Ða spearcan wundon wið ðæs hrófes the sparks flew whirling towards the roof , Homl. Skt. ii. 26, 229. Hé forlét wælspere windan on ða wícingas, Byrht. Th. 141, 14; By. 322. c. of abstract subjects Sió æcs wint of ðam hielfe, and eác ús of ðære honda ðonne ðonne sió lár wint on réðnesse securis manu fugit, cum sese increpatio in asperitatem pertrahit , Past. 21; Swt. 167, 8. 3. of twisting, rolling movement, a. of living things Hé wand swá swá wurm he writhed like a serpent , Homl. Th. i. 414, 17. Hwílum nacode men windaþ (winnaþ, MS.) ymbe wyrmas (cf. Canto xxv of the Inferno), Cd. Th. 273, 13; Sat. 136. Hé wearp hine ðá on wyrmes líc, and wand him ymbútan ðone deáðes beám he twined round the tree of death, Cd. Th. 31, 27 ; Gen. 491. b. of inanimate things Þúfas wundon ofer gárfare the banners fluttered above the battalions , Cd. Th. 199, 22 ; Exod. 342. Streámas wundon the waters rolled , Beo. Th. 430; B. 212. Staþelas wið wǽge, wætre windendum, Exon. Th. 61, 9; Cri. 982. 4. fig. to waver. Cf. wandian Gearo wæs Gúðlác; hine God fremede on ondsware and on elne strong; ne wond hé for worde (he did not waver on account of what was said to him ), Exon. Th. 120, 1; Gú. 265. II. trans. 1. to twist, roll Ðæt hors on misenlíce dǽlas hit wond and ðrǽste cum equus diversas in partes se torqueret volutando, Bd. 3, 9; S. 533, 36. 2. to brandish, wave Hé wand wácne æsc, Byrht. Th. 132, 68; By. 43. 3. to twist, plait, weave Wundun intexunt , Wrt. Voc. ii. 110, 74. Hí wundon cynehelm of þornum plectentes coronam de spinis , Mt. Kmbl. 27, 29 : Jn. Skt. 19, 2. Windan plumemus , Wrt. Voc. ii. 83, 78. Windan manigne smicerne wǽn, Shrn. 163, 15. Windende plectentis , Wrt. Voc. ii. 74, 32. Wundene mé ne beóð wefle, Exon. Th. 417, 15 ; Rä. 36, 5. Wundne loccas, 428, 7; Rä. 41, 104. Wundnum rápum fótas gefæstnian, Ps. Th. 139, 5. 4. to twist, give a curved form to (mostly as an epithet of gold made into ornaments ; cf. O. Sax. wundan gold) Bunden, wunden (applied to a winecask ), Exon. Th. 410, 26; Rä. 29, 5. Him wæs wunden gold geeáwed . . . hringas, healsbeága mǽst, Beo. Th. 2391; B. 1193: 6259; B. 3134: Exon. Th. 288, 17; Wand. 32 : Cd. Th. 124, 30; Gen. 2070. Beágas, welan, wunden gold, 116, 4; Gen. 1931 : 258, 9; Dan. 673. Wunden gold, . . . feoh and frætwa, 128, 18; Gen. 2128. Wunden gold (the ornament of a sheath ), Exon. Th. 437, 6; Rä. 56, 3. Ic ðé leánige eáldgestreónum, wundnum golde, Beo. Th. 2768; B. 1382. Wundnan golde, Exon. Th. 326, 16; Víd. 129. [Þat we mosten ouer sæ winden mid seile (away wende, 2nd MS.), Laym. 20818. Stanes heo letten winden, 27461. He smat an Arðures sceld, þat he wond (fleh, 2nd MS.) a þene feld, 23964. Þe sparke þet wint up, A. R. 296, 13. Gif dust windeð up, 314, 8. In to reste his sowle wond, Gen. and Ex. 4136. ȝho wand himm i winndeclut, Orm. 3320. Goth. bi-windan involvere; us-windan plectere: O. Sax. windan to fly; to roll; to plait: O. H. Ger. wintan torquere; rotari: Icel. vinda to twist, wind; to thrust; to hurl; to turn.] v. á-, æt-, be- (bi-), ge-, on-, óþ-, un-, ymb-windan; un-wunden.
This is a supplementary entry with editorial changes to an entry in the main volume of the dictionary. Look under the 'Possibly connected entries' below, or for the same headword in the list to the left.

A Combined List of Abbreviations.

Abbreviation not recognized. See:

A Combined List of Abbreviations.