findan
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findan
Add:I. to come upon by chance or in the course of events. 1. to come across, meet with a person or thing Ðú findst (fintst, v. l.) wið hwone ðú meant flítan contra quos valeatis vos extendere, semper invenitis, Past. 331, 5. Ic gehátan dearr þæt þú þǽr treówe findest, Bo. II. Ne þǽr mon his feónd findeð, Bl. H. 105, 1. Ic gódne funde beága bryttan, B. 1486. Iudas funde, þá ðá hé fram fyrde gecyrde, gold and seolfor and fela óðre herereáf, Hml. S. 25, 358. Líg eall fornam þæt hé grénes fond, Gen. 2549. Nó wé oferhygdu ánes monnes máran fundon, GD. 241. Þá fundon hié óþre flocráde, Chr. 917; P. 98, 4. Námon hí menn, and swá hwæt swá hí findan mihtan, Chr. 1046; P. 166, 16. Ðá dysegan menn náne lustbǽrnesse nabbað ðá sóþan gesǽlþa tó sécanne, ac wénaþ hí mægon hí on þissum ðeádlicum ðingum findan, Bt. 32, 3; F. 118, 25. Bán bið funden on heortes heortan, Lch. i. 338, 5. Gestreón swilc þǽr funden wæs, Dan. 66. Ic eom wíde funden, Ra. 28, l. Gif mid him cwicum sié funden hé ǽr stæl. Ll. Th. i. 50, 22. (la) with a complement to the object Hý æt hám findað witode him wiste, Ra. 44, 8. Hé dryhten sínne driórigne fand ealdres æt ende, B. 2789. Fleág fugla cyn þǽr hý feorhnere witude fundon, Gs. 890. (Ib) to find in records :-- Werþeóde on gewritum findað dóma gehwilcne, Exod. 519. ¶ where the record is the memory :-- Findan on ferhðe, An. 1487 : El. 641: 632. 2. tofind (and carry off) something hidden or hitherto unnoticed Swelce hwá nú delfe eorþan and finde goldhord . . . Gif nán mon ǽr gold þǽr ne hýdde, þonne ne funde hé hit nó ; forðý hit næs ná weás funden, Bt. 40, 6 ; F. 242, 5-9. Seó bóc on þǽre ciricean funden wæs, Bl. H. 197, 26. Syððan hé ǽrest wearð feásceaft funden, B. 7. Tó fundenes cildes fóstre, Ll. Th. i- 118, 18. 3. to obtain, find favour, credit, &c. Hió þǽr helpe findað, godcunde gife, El. 1032. Ic fultum fand venit auxilium mihi, Ps. Th. 120, Wǽre hié þǽr fundon, Exod. 387. Hí æt þám bisceope bóte fundon, El. 1217. Þ heó funde and ábǽde æt þæs Scyppendes mildheortnesse, heó fram swá miclum cwylmnessum onlýsed beón móste ut apud misericordiam conditoris inpetraret, se a tantis cruciatibus absolui, Bd. 4, 9; Sch. 396, 8. 4. to meet with, experience, be exposed to, find difficulty, &c. Þǽr þú gúðe findest, An. 1351. Hé þǽr náht ne funde þæs þe him þe bet wǽre he met with no success, Chr. 1072 ; P. 208, 15. Míne aldorlege, swá mé ǽfre wearð oððe ic furðor findan sceolde, Dan. 140. Se folctoga findan sceolde earfoðsíðas, 656. 5. to find, discover on inspection or consideration Ic andette ic hæbbe funden duru þǽr ðǽr ic ǽr geseah áne lytle cynan, Bt. 35, 3; F. 158, 27. (5 a) with complement to the object or infin. Sume ic funde bítan Godes tácne, þá ic slóg, Jul. 490. Ic on bócum fand cýðan be þám sigebeácne, El. 1255. Hé in þæt búrgeteld néðde, funde on bedde blácne licgan his goldgifan, Jud. 278 : 6. 118:2270. Hí eódon wundur sceáwian, fundon on sande sáwulleásne hlinbed healdan þone þe him hringas geaf, 3033. Carcernes duru hí opene fundon, An. 1078. 6. to find by trial or experience, find an object (to be) so and so Hine nǽnig man yrne ne funde, Bl. H. 223, 34. Sé fand wæccendne wer wíges bídan, B. 1267. Symle hý Gúðlác gearone fundon, Gú. 885: 861. Þæt hé Ús gearwe finde, Bl. H. 83, l. Ic wundrige hwí wíse men swá swíþe swuncen mid þǽre sprǽce, and swa litel gewis funden, Bt. 41, 4; F. 250, 20. NÓ hí findan meahton æt þám æðelinge, þæt hé þone cynedóm ciósan wolde, B. 2373. Eádiglicre funden, Seel. 132. Wace beóð ðá hirdas funden þe nellað þá heorda . , . bewerian, Wlfst. 191, 7. II. with the idea of search or effort. 1. to discover or obtain by searching For þí ne fint ǽlc mon hé sécþ, for ðý hé hit on riht ne sécþ. Gé sécaþ þǽr gé findan ne magan, Bt. 33, 2 ; F. 122, 29. Heó wyrte séceð, á heó þá findeð, Rä. 35, 6 : 85, 26. Gé gold on treówum ne sécaþ, ne finde gé hit nó, Bt. 32, 3; F. 118, 9. Se forma gítsere þe ǽrest þá eorþan ongan delfan. æfter golde and þá frécnan deórwurþnessa funde, Bt. 15 ; F. 48, 24. Wíc sceáwian oð þæt hié eorðscræf fundon, Gen. 2595. Eágan míne georne sceáwedun, hwǽr ic treówe funde, Ps. Th. 100, 6. Wígan ǽghwilcne þe hé on þám fyrste findan mihte, Exod. 189 : Sal. 8. Hordweard sóhte æfter grunde, wolde guman findan, B. 2294. Gif wé fundne weorðen, Jul. 335. (la) to recover something hidden away or lost :-- Swá hwá swá ungemyndig sié rihtwísnesse, gecerre hine tó his gemynde, ðonne fint hé ðǽr þá ryhtwísnesse gehýdde mid þæs líchoman hæfignesse, Bt. 35, i; F. 156, Hé hine hét sleán and deópe bedelfan. Hine man funde eft, and ferede hine tó Winceslre, Chr. 1050; P. 170, 4. Sume þá goldhord hí on eorþan áhýddon þæt hié nǽnig mon siþþan findan ne meahte, 418; P. 10, 19. Mín wísdóm mé forlét...Ðín ðeów hæfð nú funden his wí sdóm, Past. 273, 15, 2. to succeed in obtaining something needed or desired, procure Syle mé ðínne wineard, and ic þé óðerne finde, Hml. S. 18, 174. Þá funde se arcedeácon æt þám cnihte hé þone geǽttredan drync him tó bær, Gr. D. 186, 21. He funde fíf mǽdena him tó . . . tó wunigenne mid him, Hml. S. 35, 51. Se ord bí gde upp tó þám hiltum . . . Him gewearð man funde níwe swurd and níwne slagan þǽrtó, 12, 233. Hí fundon leáse gewitan þe forlugon Naboð, 18, 196. He biddende wæs þ æt hé móste wið Scipian sprecan, and wilniende wæs hé frið betwux þǽm folcum findan sceolde, Ors. 4, 10; S. 202, II. Wið swylcan sceatte swylce hé hit þá findæ mihte, C. D. B. i. 544, 5. (2 a) in law phrases, to find surety, &c. :-- Finde hé borh, Ll. Th. i. 390, 19: 332, 20. Finde hé wærborh borh, 250, 18. Finde hé him borh, 268, 16. Hé þæs borh finde, 168, 7. Hé him borh finde hé swilces geswíce, 346, 13. Finde him ǽle man hé borh hæbbe, 268, 7. Ǽle preóst finde him . xii. festermen, ii. 290, 15. Seó mǽgþ þám hláfordleásan men hláford finden, i. 200, 8. hé þone áð funde þe sé gelýfan mihte, 158, 17. (2b) to find resolution, courage, heart to do something, to bring oneself to do something :-- [pæt hé] in hige funde tó gesecganne hwæt se beám bude, Dan. 543. Ic ne mæg findan æt mé seolfum ic hine ǽfre geseó, Ors. 5, 12; S. 244, I. Ne meahte hé æt his hige findan þæt hé Gode wolde þeówian, Gen. 266. Hé uneáðe mihte on his móde findan hé swá leófne freónd fram him lǽtan sceolde, Hml. S. 6, 225 : 31, 394. 3. to visit, reach a place Hí flugon forhtigende, woldon hámas findan, Exod. 453. Sceal se gást cuman symble ymbe seofon niht findan þone líchoman, Seel. 10. 4. to ascertain, attain by menial effort, discover by study, find an excuse, a remedy, &c. part gé blindnesse bóte fundon, Gú. 600. Þonne se lǽce ongit, þonne mæg hé þone lǽcedóm þe raþor findan, Lch. ii. 204, 22. þú sécest beládunge, hú þúú 5. to come to the knowledge of a fact, learn He fand þurh lársmiðas hwǽr áhangen wæs rodora waldend, El. 202. 6. to ascertain by calculation Swá hit úðwitan fundan, Men. 166. Sceal wintrum fród on circule cræfte findan hálige dagas, 67. Nú gé findan magon háligra tíd, 228. 7. to devise a plan, arrange, settle Gestihtade hé and funde hé wolde landfyrde þider gelǽdan and eft on scypláde ham hweorfan terrestri itinere illo uenire, sed nauigio redire disponebat, Bd. 3, 15; Sch. 262, I. Se biscopp Fand, Bl. H. 199, 30: 201, 25. Funde hé swíðe yfel geðeaht consilium praebuii, Past. 423, 15. Þysne cræft funde Camillis, Ors. 2, 8; S. 92, 2. Hié tó rǽde fundon hié ciricean árǽrdon, Bl. H. 205, 13. Tó rihtan gafole oððe tó óðran forewyrdan, swá hit man findan mage wið þone arcebisceop, Cht. Th. 355, 26. Hú hé sárlícast meahte feorhcwale findan, Jul. 573: B. 3163. Nǽron nó swá endebyrdlíce hiora stede and hiora ryne funden, Bt. 35, 2 ; F. 158, 3. 8. to compose poetry Ic þysne sang fand, Ap. i. Ic sceal nú mid ungerádum wordum gesettan, þeáh ic hwílum gecóplíce funde carmina quondam studio florente peregi, Bt. 2 ; F. 4, 8. 9. to determine, provide as a regulation Hié fundon þæt Antigones him sceolde mid firde ongeán cuman, Ors. 3, ll; S. 146, 15 : 148, 7. Fundon Rðmáne þæt hié scipa worhton Romani classem fabricari praeceperunt, 4, 6; S. 172, l. Ðǽr þá eádigan fundon þás dómas, Ll. Th. i. 36, 12. Swá witan tó rihte finden, 50, 2. Gif hít bið ðus funden, 440, 17 : 220, 4. Beón þá herigeata swá fundene, 414, 4 note. III. to supply, provide, furnish :-- Gif mínra geréfena hwylc þis dón nylle, . . . ic finde óðerne þe wile, Ll. Th. i. 214, l. Him þæt sððcyning sylfa findeð Dens providebit sibi victimam, Gen. 2894. Farao him funde ládmen, Gen. 12, 20: Prud. l b: Hml. S. 29, 143. Fundon, Nic. 9, 6 ; Dan. 88. Find me nú æftergencgan, Hml. S. 7, 372. Þæt man finde of þám yrfe healfes pundes wyrþne sáulsceat, Cht. Th. 534, 12. Þæt hí findon betweox him twá scencingcuppan intó beódern, 536, 6. Þ hé him bysceop funde and sealde episcopum dari, Bd. 4, 3; Sch. 348, 20. Þ man funde ǽnne man. Ll. Th. i. 232, 13. Ðætte hió him funden londáre, C. D. i. 222, 30. Wé him sculon mete findan þá hwíle þe hý mid ús beoð, Ll. Th. i. 284, 16. Se scírgeréfa . . . lét him findan mete and fóddor æt ǽlcan castelle þǽr hí tó cómon, Chr. 1075 ; P. 210, 24 v. rǽd-findende.
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