þúsend
Morphological Analysis
Wordclass: Noun, Adjective, Numeral
Gender: Feminine, Neuter
Related §§ in Wright's OE Grammar:
In the OE text, the length is:indicated by acute accentsindicated by macronsnot indicated.
þúsend
I. as a numeral noun, neuter and fem. (v. Ps. Th. 118, 72, and cf. cognates), a thousand; gen. þúsendes, pl. þúsendu (-o, -a,-e); also þúsend sometimes in the multiples, though, perhaps, in these cases the whole number is to be considered as singular, e.g. Tele ða lenge ðære hwíle wið tén þúsend wintra ... Tele nú ðæt tén þúsend geára wið ðæt éce líf, Bt. 18, 3: Fox 66, 6-10. Wæs þreó þúsend ðæra leóda álesen, Elect. Kmbl. 569; El. 285: Blickl. Homl. 119, 3. v. under 2. other examples. 1. without other numerals, a. governing a genitive Þúsend wintra biþ swá geostran dæg mille anni sicut dies hesterna, Ps. Th. 89, 4: Exon. Th. 223, 23; Ph. 364. Fealleþ ðé on ða wynstran wergra þúsend, Ps. Th. 90, 7. Mænigfeald þúsend módblissiendra millia laetantitium, 67, 17. Án þúsend manna, Ors. 1, 10; Swt. 46, 34. Ðeáh hé erige his land mid ðúsend sula, Bt. 26, 3; Fox 94, 14. Erigan æcera þúsend, Met. 14, 5. Óð ðæt hé þúsende ðisses lífes wintra gebídeþ postquam vitae jam mille peregerit annos, Exon. Th. 208, 5; Ph. 151. Hé ofslóg fela þúsend monna, 6, 13; Swt. 268, 17. Hé heora monig ðúsend ofslóg, Ors. 3, 7; Swt. 110, 33, Ðurh ðás bodunge gelýfdon fela ðúsend manna, Homl. Th. ii. 296, 22. Manega ðúsenda engla, 334, 16. Heora fela ðúsenda gefongen wæs, Ors. 3, 4; Swt. 104, 11. Ic ðé þúsenda þegna bringe, Beo. Th. 3662; B. 1829. b. where the genitive of the objects numbered is not given Hwæþer ðis þúsend sceole beón scyrtre ðe lengre, Blickl. Homl. 119, 6. Ðæt forme þúsend, ðæt ys seó forme yld, Anglia viii. 335, 45. Þúsendes ealdor ciliarcus, Wrt. Voc. i. 18, 10. Æfter ðam þúsende biþ se deófol unburden, Wulfst. 243, 23. On þúsende ðære cneórisse in mille generationes, Ps. Th. 104, 8. Hié ðone here gefliémdon and his fela þúsenda ofslógon, Chr. 911; Erl. 100, 28: Ors. 3, 7; Swt. 118, 8: Cd. Th. 289, 23; Sat. 402: 290, 26; Sat. 421. Hé fór mid monegum þúsendum, Ors. 5, 4; Swt. 224, 19. Ic me ná ondrǽde þúsendu folces non timebo millia populi, Ps. Th. 3, 5. Betere ðonne mon mé geofe ðúsende goldes and seolfres super millia auri et argenti, 118, 72. 2. with other numerals as multipliers, a. alone Twá þúsend, Ælfc. Gr. 49; Zup. 282, 12: Ors. 2, 4; Swt. 76, 30. iiii þúsend monna, 2, 5; Swt. 80, 13. v þúsend wera, Chr. 508; Erl. 15, 18. Syx þúsend olfenda, Homl. Th. ii. 458, 18. Wæs Rómána eahta þúsend ofslagen, Ors. 4, 1; Swt. 158, 11: 4, 9; Swt. 192, 24. Týn þúsend punda, Mt. Kmbl. 18, 24. Tén ðúsend, Ps. Surt. 90, 7. Endlefan þúsend monna, Ors. 2, 5; Swt. 78, 24. Feówertýne þúsend sceápa, Homl. Th. ii. 458, 17. xvi þúsend punda, Chr. 994; Erl. 133, 27. Ðæt wǽre þrítig þúsend wintra, Exon. Th. 369, 5; Seel. 36: Salm. Kmbl. 544; Sel. 271. cxi þúsend, Chr. 71; Erl. 9, 2. Án hund þúsend manna and hundeahtatig ðúsend, Homl. Skt. i. 18, 403. Ðæt wǽron fiéftiéne hund þúsend monna, Ors. 3, 9; Swt. 128, 22. Twá þúsendo, Mk. Skt. 5, 13: Cd. Th. 189, 14; Exod. 184. Twá ðúsendu swína, Chart. Th. 481, 5. Twá þúsenda, 471, 22: Jos. 7, 3. Ðá férdon þreó þúsenda feohtendra wera, 7, 4. iii þúsendo (-a, MS. E.) londes, Chr. 648; Erl. 26, 16. Ágefe hé feówer ðúsendo, Chart. Th. 471, 24. v þúsendu wera, Chr. 508; Erl. 14, 17. Fíf þúsendo. Andr. Kmbl. 1181; An. 591. Hé him gesealde seofon þúsendo, Beo. Th. 4397; B. 2195. Týn þúsendo, Ps. Th. 90, 7: 67, 17. Téno ðúsendo (þúsende, Rush.), Mt. Kmbl. Lind. 18, 24. Geselle et ðem londe .x. ðúsenda, Chart. Th. 465, 30. Cantwara him gesealdon xxx þúsenda, Chr. 694; Erl. 43, 21. Ðǽr wæs ofslagen eahtatig þúsenda, Ors. 5, 8; Swt. 232, 2. Hundeahtatig þúsenda, 2, 5; Swt. 78, 17. Án hund þúsenda gehorsedra, 3, 9; Swt. 124, 34: Cd. Th. 310, 9; Sat. 723. Hund þúsenda landes and locenra beága, Beo. Th. 5981; B. 2994, cxi þúsenda, Chr. 71; Erl. 8, 2. Ðone sang ðe nán mon elles singan ne mæg, búton ðæt hundteóntig and feówertig and feówer ðúsendo, Past. 52; Swt. 409, 10. Wearð ðú hund þúsenda ofslægen, Ors. 2, 5; Swt. 78, 28. Ðá com him ongeán twá hund þúsenda monna, 3, 9; Swt. 132, 30. His heres wæs seofon hund þúsenda, 2, 5; Swt. 78, 10. viii c þúsenda, Swt. 80, 4. Ðæt wæs nigon x hund þúsenda, Swt. 84, 29. Þúsend ðúsenda ðénodon him, Homl. Th. i. 348, 2. Tó twǽm ðúsendum, Mk. Skt. Lind. Rush. 5, 13. Tén ðúsendum, Ps. Surt. 67, 18. Mid týn þúsendum cuman ágén ðone ðe him ágén cymþ mid twéntigum þúsendum, Lk. Skt. 14, 31. Fíf hund þúsendum quinquagenis milibus, Hpt. Gl. 426, 11. b. in combination with hundreds, tens, units Twá þúsend wintra and twá hund and twá and feówertig geára gerímes, Anglia viii. 336, 1. Feówer þúsend wintra and feówer hand and twá and hundeahtatig, Ors. 1, 14; Swt. 58, 9. Wǽron ágán .v. þúsend wintra and .cc. wintra, Chr. 11; Erl. 7, 2. v. þúsend wintra and cc. and xxvi, 33; Erl. 7, 10. Gersones hírédes wǽron seofon þúsenda and fíf hundredu ... Gaathes hírédes wæron eahta þúsendo and six hundredu ... Meraries hírédes wǽron six þúsendo and twá hundrydo ... ðá wǽron hira twá and twéntig þúsenda, Num. 3, 21-39. Rómána wæs án C and án M ofslagen Romanorum mille centum periere milites, Ors. 4, 6; Swt. 176, 14. Ðæt wæs v hund monna and án M, 5, 12; Swt. 240, 34. II. as an adjective indecl. Þúsénd getýme oxena and þúsend assan, Homl. Th. ii. 458, 18. Mid þúsend gemetum mille modis, Wülck. Gl. 254, 44. On hund þúsend wintrum ... on syx þúsend wintrum, Anglia viii. 335, 46-336, 20. Ott six þúsend wintrum, Wulfst. 244, 2. Tén ðúsend síðan hundfealde ðúsenda, Homl. Th. i. 348, 3. III. the word is sometimes used of value without expressing the unit (cf. the Icelandic use of hundrað); see the passages (quoted above), Chr. 648; Erl. 26, 16: 694; Erl. 43, 21: Beo. Th. 4397; B. 2195: 5981 ; B. 2994: Chart. Th. 465, 30: 471, 22, 24: Ps. Th. 118, 72. [Goth. þúsundi; f. n.: O. Frs. thúsend: O. L. Ger. thúsint: O. Sax. thúsundig: O. H. Ger. dúsunt, túsunt; f. n.: Icel. þúsund; f. (later f. and n. )]
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